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Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) surveillance remains a growing industry in response to increased security threats, and whilst new developments have brought clearer images, digital recording and high speed data transmission, effective security systems still rely upon proper specification and installation by engineers with an in depth knowledge of CCTV principles and technology.
The third edition of Closed Circuit Television provides a thorough technical guide for all those involved in the design, specification, installation and maintenance of CCTV systems. Fully dual-standard for PAL and NTSC systems, the book covers the essential equipment and topics of relevance to practitioners, managers and students on vocational and industry training courses. Extended coverage of flat screen devices, digital recording, and a new chapter on networking principles, bring this popular guide up to date with the latest developments in the field.
Joe Cieszynski is a well-known technical writer with a wealth of experience in the security industry. After many years of college lecturing on TV, video and security topics, he currently acts as City & Guilds’ Chief Examiner for security systems and provides independent CCTV system consultancy.
*Demystifies CCTV technology for installers and managers *Concise, accessible text ideal for hard-pressed practitioners and students *Fully dual-standard coverage for PAL and NTSC based systems
Security system designers; installation and maintenance engineers; security managers running or commissioning CCTV systems; vocational students, students following Security Industry Training Organisation (SITO), BTEC and independent training courses covering security systems and CCTV.
The CCTV Industry The role of CCTV The CCTV Industry
Signal Transmission CCTV signals Co-axial cable Ground loops Twisted pair cable Structured cabling Power over Ethernet Ribbon cable Fibre-optic cable Infrared beam Microwave link UHF RF transmission CCTV via the telephone network Connectors Cable test equipment
Light and Lighting Light and the human eye Measuring light Light characteristics Artificial lighting
Lenses Lens theory Lens parameters Zoom lenses Electrical connections Lens mounts Filters Lens adjustment Lens finding
Fundamentals of television Producing a raster Picture resolution Synchronization The luminance signal The chrominance signal Television signals Digital video signals Video compression MPEG-2 compression MPEG-4 compression Wavelet compression Common interchange format (CIF) ITU-T recommendations
The CCTV Camera Charge coupled device CCD chip operation Electronic iris IR filters Colour imaging Camera operation White balance Back light compensation Colour/ mono cameras Camera sensitivity Camera resolution Camera operating voltages Specialized cameras Covert cameras 360 degree cameras Number plate recognition cameras
Video Display Equipment The cathode ray tube The colour CRT CRT moitors Monitor safety Liquid crystal displays (LCDs) Plasma display panels (PDPs) Projection systems Termination switching Resolution Ergonomics
Video Recording Equipment Digital video recorders (DVRs) DVR principle Effects of compression Recording capacity RAID disk recording Digital video information extraction VHS recording Time-lapse recording VCR maintenance Video head cleaning Tape management and care Digital video tape
Camera switiching and multiplexing Sequential switching Matrix switching The quad splitter Video multiplexers Video motion detection (VMD)
Telemetry Control Control data transmission Pan/tilt (P/T) control Receiver unit Dome systems Data communications
CCTV over networks Network topology Network hardware Network communications IPv4 classes Reserved addresses Subnetting Assigning IP addresses Manually assigned IP addresses Address resolution protocol (ARP) Autoconfiguration Domain name service (DNS) Ports Other network protocols IPv6 Network diagnostics CCTV over a network Network CCTV example Integrating analogue cameras Summary
Ancillary equipment Camera mountings Towers and columns Pan/tilt units Monitor brackets Power supplies Voltage drop
Commissioning and Maintenance Commissioning Measuring resolution System handover Preventative maintenance Corrective maintenance Fault location Oscilliscope default settings
Glossary of CCTV terms Index
- No. of pages:
- © Newnes 2006
- 28th December 2006
- Paperback ISBN:
- eBook ISBN:
Having travelled and worked as an audio, TV and video systems engineer for 12 years, I moved into security systems engineering during the 1980s. I began full time teaching at an FE college in 1985 and during the 1990s established training assessment programmes for the NVQ Levels 2 and 3 in intruder, CCTV and fire alarm systems engineering. I left teaching in 1999 to move back into industry where I now work on a freelance basis, developing and/or delivering training courses for the security systems industry, troubleshooting CCTV systems, and writing technical material for manufacturers as well as Security Installer Magazine. I am also involved with the production of interactive (CD-ROM based) learning material for the security sector.
Training Consultant, Manchester, U.K.
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