Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions

Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions

4th Edition - October 15, 2018

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  • Editors: Joy Higgs, Gail M. Jensen, Stephen Loftus, Nicole Christensen
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780702062247
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702065057

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Clinical reasoning lies at the core of health care practice and education. Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions, therefore, occupies a central place in the education of health professionals, the enhancement of professional decision making of individuals and groups of practitioners with their clients, and research into optimal practice reasoning.

Table of Contents

  • Section 1 Understanding clinical reasoning

    1. Clinical reasoning: Challenges of interpretation and practice in the 21st century
    2. Re-interpreting clinical reasoning: A model of encultured decision making practice capabilities
    3. Multiple spaces of choice, engagement and influence in clinical decision making
    4. Clinical reasoning and models of practice
    5. The development of clinical reasoning expertise
    6. Expertise and clinical reasoning
    7. Section 2 The changing context of clinical reasoning and practice

    8. The context of clinical reasoning across the health professions in the 21st century
    9. Changing demographic and cultural dimensions of populations: Implications for healthcare and decision making
    10. Clinical thinking, client expectations and patient-centred care
    11. Next generation clinical practice guidelines
    12. Action and narrative: Two dynamics of clinical reasoning
    13. The language of clinical reasoning
    14. Evidence-based practice and clinical reasoning: In tension, tandem or two sides of the same coin?
    15. Methods in the study of clinical reasoning
    16. Section 3 Collaborative and transdisciplinary reasoning

    17. Collaborative decision making in liquid times
    18. Ethical reasoning
    19. Shared decision making in practice
    20. Using decision aids to involve clients in clinical decision making
    21. Clinical decision making, social justice and client empowerment
    22. Clinical decision making across orthodox and complementary medicine fields
    23. Section 4 Clinical reasoning and the professions

    24. Clinical reasoning in medicine
    25. Clinical reasoning in nursing
    26. Clinical reasoning in physiotherapy
    27. Clinical reasoning in dentistry
    28. Clinical reasoning in occupational therapy
    29. Clinical decision making in emergency medicine
    30. Clinical decision making in paramedicine
    31. Clinical decision making in optometry
    32. Clinical reasoning in dietetics
    33. Clinical reasoning in pharmacy
    34. Section 5 Teaching clinical reasoning

    35. Pedagogies for teaching and learning clinical reasoning
    36. Teaching clinical reasoning in medical education courses
    37. Teaching clinical reasoning in nursing education
    38. Speech-language pathology students: Learning clinical reasoning
    39. Clinical reasoning and biomedical knowledge: Implications for teaching
    40. Cultivating a thinking surgeon, using a Clinical Thinking Pathway as a learning and assessment process: ten years on
    41. Interprofessional programs to develop clinical reasoning
    42. Assessing clinical reasoning
    43. Section 6 Learning clinical reasoning+

    44. Learning to communicate clinical reasoning
    45. Developing clinical reasoning capability
    46. Remediating learning and performance of clinical reasoning in medicine
    47. Learning about factors influencing clinical decision making
    48. Learning reasoning using simulation
    49. Learning to use evidence to support decision making
    50. Learning to research clinical reasoning
    51. Learning clinical reasoning across cultural contexts
    52. Peer learning to develop clinical reasoning abilities

Product details

  • No. of pages: 532
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2018
  • Published: October 15, 2018
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780702062247
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702065057

About the Editors

Joy Higgs

Joy has worked for over 35 years as an educator, scholar, researcher and research supervisor at The University of New South Wales, The University of Sydney and Charles Sturt University. She has held appointments as visiting scholar and consultant to a number of Australian and international tertiary institutions. In 2004, Joy received a Member of the Order of Australia award for service to health science education through course development, academic and administrative contributions and research into teaching methods. She was awarded an Australian Teaching and Learning Council Fellowship in 2010. Joy is a member of the Australian Learning and Teaching Fellows Network. In 2015, Joy was appointed a Principal Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, UK. Professor Joy Higgs' key roles at CSU are promoting the advancement of professional practice and education through collaborations in research, scholarship, student supervision, education, organisational change and networking. Joy's research interests are linked to professional practice (the nature of practice across professions, practice wisdom, professionalism, the changing shape of professions in work and society), higher education (quality and innovations), professional education (pedagogies, socialisation, expectations of graduates), practice-based education (pedagogy, curriculum frameworks) and qualitative research strategies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor in Higher Education, Charles Sturt University, Sydney, Australia

Gail M. Jensen

Dr. Jensen is Vice Provost for Learning and Assessment, Dean Emerita, and Professor of Physical Therapy at Creighton University. She is known nationally and internationally for scholarly contributions in expert practice, clinical reasoning, professional ethics, and interprofessional education. Dr. Jensen is author or coauthor of more than 90 publications in peer-reviewed journals and has coauthored 13 books, including the fourth edition of Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions (Higgs, Jensen, Loftus, Christensen), Educating Physical Therapists, and in 2020, Clinical Reasoning and Decision Making in Physical Therapy. She led the research team that completed a National Study of Excellence and Innovation in Physical Therapist Education funded by the American Physical Therapy Association and several APTA components. She serves on a number of editorial boards and most recently became an associate editor for The Clinical Teacher. Dr. Jensen received her PhD in educational evaluation with a minor in sociology from Stanford University. She holds a master’s degree in physical therapy from Stanford University and a bachelor’s degree in education from the University of Minnesota.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Physical Therapy, Faculty Associate, Center for Health Policy and Ethics, Dean, Graduate School, Vice Provost for Learning and Assessment, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska, USA

Stephen Loftus

Dr. Loftus joined Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine in November 2013 as associate professor of Medical Education. He is responsible for faculty development in medical education. He is also involved in a number of courses such as Medical Humanities and Embark research projects. A dental professional with more than 20 years in medical education, Dr. Loftus developed an internationally recognized inter-professional online graduate course in pain management at Sydney University. His research on clinical reasoning has appeared in several journals and books, such as the well-received book, “Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions” (3rd ed). He has also supervised doctoral research students at Charles Sturt University in Australia, in topics such as clinical reasoning, higher education and clinician/patient relationships. Dr. Loftus works to ensure that students and faculty maximize the benefit of the educational experiences provided in the medical school through coming to a deeper understanding of what is involved in medical education and practice.

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Professor of Medical Education, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Rochester, Michigan, USA

Nicole Christensen

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Chair, Department of Physical Therapy, Samuel Merritt University, Oakland, California, USA

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