Clinical Oral Microbiology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780723609346, 9781483183633

Clinical Oral Microbiology

1st Edition

Authors: T. Wallace MacFarlane Lakshman P. Samaranayake
eBook ISBN: 9781483183633
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 31st December 1984
Page Count: 296
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Description

Clinical Oral Microbiology describes the significant models of monomicrobial and polymicrobial mechanisms of pathogenicity to appreciate the multifactorial nature of many infections. This book provides an understanding in the development of the science and practice of clinical oral microbiology. Organized into five parts encompassing 17 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the various types of oral and dental infections. This text then describes the different environmental characteristics of the human mouth, which consists of a complex mixture of microbial species of bacteria, fungi, mycoplasma, and protozoa. Other chapters consider the relative proportions of oral microorganisms in health. This book discusses as well the interplay of the etiological factors in dental caries. The final chapter deals with the transmission of infectious agents among patients and staff within a hospital environment, which is commonly called as cross-infection. This book is a valuable resource for microbiologists, dentists, oral pathologists, clinicians, and practitioners.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Preface

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

Part 1 Oral Ecology

2 Normal Oral Flora

Study of the Oral Microbial Flora

3 Oral Ecosystem and Dental Plaque

The Oral Environment

Acquisition of the Normal Oral Microflora

Dental Plaque

Part 2 Diseases Related to Dental Plaque

4 Microbiology of Dental Caries

Clinical Presentation and Diagnosis

Aetiology

Management of Dental Caries

Prevention of Dental Caries

5 Microbiology of Periodontal Diseases

Types of Periodontal Disease

Factors Involved in Periodontal Diseases

Chronic Gingivitis

The Transitional Stage

Chronic Periodontitis

Localized Juvenile Periodontitis

Prepubertal Periodontitis

Rapidly Progressive Periodontitis

Acute Ulcerative Gingivitis

6 Dentoalveolar Infections

Dentoalveolar Abscess

Ludwig's Angina

Periodontal Abscess

Suppurative Osteomyelitis of the Jaws

Staphylococcal Submandibular Lymphadenitis in Children

Cervico Facial Actinomycosis

7 Microbiology in Endodontic Therapy

Source and Route of Infection

Pathogenesis of Pulp and Periapical Infections

Host Defense Mechanisms

Microbiology

Role of Microbiology in Endodontics

Microbiological Sampling from Root Canals

Treatment

Part 3 Infections Involving the Oral and Perioral Tissues

8 Bacterial Infections

Tonsillitis and Pharyngitis

Gonorrhoea

Syphilis

Tuberculosis

Leprosy

Tetanus

9 Fungal Infections

Oral Candidosis

Candidoses Confined to the Oral and Perioral Tissues

Oral Manifestations of Mucocutaneous Candidoses

Oral Manifestations of Systemic Mycoses

10 Viral Infections

Interaction of Virus and Host Cells

Recovery and Immunity to Virus Infection Herpes Virus Infections

Varicella Zoster Infection

Infectious Mononucleosis

Cytomegalovirus Disease

Coxsackie a Virus Infections

Paramyxovirus Infections

Viruses and Cancer

11 Salivary Gland Infections

Viral Infections of Salivary Glands

Bacterial Infections of Salivary Glands

Oral Infection Consequential to Xerostomia

12 Infections in Medically Compromised Patients

Infective Endocarditis

Recommendations on Antibiotic Prophylaxis

Prostheses

Immunocompromised Patients

Oral and Dental Infections in Compromised Patients

Xerostomia and Sjogren's Syndrome

Part 4 Diagnostic Oral Microbiology

13 Use of the Microbiology Laboratory

Requesting a Microbiology Report

Specimen Collection from Oral Infections

Diagnosis of Fungal Infections

The Use of Laboratory Investigations in the Management of Antimicrobial Therapy

14 Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Bacteriostatic and Bactericidal Antimicrobial Agents

General Principles of Antimicrobial Therapy

Antimicrobial Prophylaxis

Prescribing an Antimicrobial Agent

Pharmacodynamics an Antimicrobial Agents

Failure of Antimicrobial Therapy

Antimicrobials Commonly Used in Dentistry

Part 5 Cross-Infection in Dentistry

15 Viral Hepatitis

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis Β

Non-A Non-B (NANB) Hepatitis

Delta Hepatitis (Hepatitis D)

16 Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Definition of AIDS

Epidemiology

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Natural History and Clinical Features of AIDS

Oral Manifestations of AIDS

Transmission of AIDS

17 Cross-Infection and Sterilization

Cross-Infection in the Dental Surgery

Prevention of Cross-Infection

Dental Treatment of High-Risk Patients

Appendices

1 Code of Practice for the Use of Protective Clothing and Other Procedures Associated with the Prevention of Cross-Infection during Dental Treatment

2 Additional Procedures Available when Treating Known High-Risk Infective Patients

Index


Details

No. of pages:
296
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1989
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483183633

About the Author

T. Wallace MacFarlane

Lakshman P. Samaranayake