Climate and Land Use Impacts on Natural and Artificial Systems

Climate and Land Use Impacts on Natural and Artificial Systems

Mitigation and Adaptation

1st Edition - July 20, 2021

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  • Editor: Margarit Nistor
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128221846
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128232651

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Description

Climate and Land Use Impacts on Natural and Artificial Systems: Mitigation and Adaptation provides in-depth information on the linkages between climate change and land use, how they are related, how land use is shifting over time, and the major global regions at risk for climate and land use changes. This comprehensive resource discusses climatic factors and processes that impact natural and artificial systems, as well as the relationship between climate change and both natural and man-made hazards. The book includes case studies and original maps to provide real-life examples of climate change and land use over regions around the globe. In addition, the book presents future perspectives on mitigation and adaptation of the climate change impact.

Key Features

  • Summarizes current research on land use and climate change
  • Provides future perspectives on climate change using climate models
  • Includes case studies to provide real-life examples from various countries
  • Incorporates high level graphics, images, and maps to support reviews and case studies

Readership

Academic and research scientists across Environmental Sciences. Climate centers; natural resource and land management professionals; academia in geography, agriculture and spatial planning

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction: overview of current climate and land use challenges in the environmental space
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Climate change and land use impacts on natural systems
    1.3 Climate change and land use impacts on the artificial systems
    1.4 Climate change and land use implications for natural hazards
    1.5 Conclusions
    References
    Further reading
    2. Climate and land use data usages in research and administration units
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Climate data
    2.3 Land use data
    2.4 Discussion
    2.5 Conclusions
    Abbreviations of climate models
    References
    Further reading
    3. Land use and management strategies for shaping sustainable cities
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Sustainable development
    3.3 Technology assessment
    3.4 Operationalization of sustainable development by technology assessment
    3.5 Tools for environmental impact assessment
    3.5.1 Environmental management system
    3.5.2 Eco-audit
    3.5.3 Life cycle assessment
    3.6 Land use planning for shaping sustainable cities
    3.7 Sustainable land management
    3.8 Strategies for urban sustainability—role of land use planning and management
    3.9 Real estate appraisal
    3.10 Integrating land use planning and transportation issues
    3.11 Conclusions
    References
    4. The impact of climate change and land use on cancer burden in the 21st century
    4.1 Short introduction
    4.1.1 Definition of land use and its connection with air quality and their combined carcinogenic effect
    4.1.2 Water and soil pollution in the development of cancer, as related to land use
    4.2 What the future holds: the role of careful planning in limiting land use and its detrimental effect on cancer development
    4.3 Climate change and cancer
    4.4 Climate change and exposure to carcinogens—the chemical environment
    4.5 Climate change and skin cancer—a practical example
    4.6 Climate change and food security—impact on gastrointestinal cancers
    4.7 Climate change and cancer management progress
    4.8 Concluding remarks
    Acknowledgments
    Conflicts of interest
    5. High-resolution projections of the aridity in Europe under climate change
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Study area
    5.3 Materials and methods
    5.3.1 Overview of the methodology
    5.3.2 Climate models data
    5.3.3 Johansson continentality index
    5.3.4 Kerner oceanity index
    5.3.5 De Martonne aridity index
    5.3.6 Pinna combinative index
    5.3.7 UNEP aridity index
    5.4 Results and discussion
    5.4.1 Climate variability in the future
    5.4.2 Continentality and oceanity
    5.4.3 Aridity and humidity
    5.4.4 Future changes of climate indices
    5.5 Discussion
    5.6 Conclusions
    Acknowledgment
    Funding
    Notes on contributors
    References
    6. Adapting mountain economy to climate change. Case study: Romanian Carpathians
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Legislative framework for mountain sustainable development policies
    6.3 Impact of climate change on forest ecosystems
    6.4 Protection and recovery of aquatic ecosystems
    6.5 Impact of climate change on agriculture
    6.6 Impact of climate change on tourism
    6.7 Conclusions
    References
    Further reading
    7. Land use and environmental changes in the Andean Paramo soils
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Materials and methods
    7.2.1 Study site
    7.2.2 Field description and sampling
    7.2.3 Laboratory analysis
    7.3 Results and discussion
    7.3.1 Soil morphology
    7.3.2 Physicochemical properties
    7.3.3 Soil mineralogy
    7.3.4 Soil micromorphology
    7.3.5 Soil genesis
    7.4 Conclusions
    Aknowledgments
    References
    Further reading
    8. An area facing the climate change: monthly water availability in the Emilia-Romagna region during 1961<2015
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Study area
    8.3 Data and methods
    8.3.1 Climate data
    8.3.2 Evapotranspiration calculation
    8.3.3 Water availability
    8.3.4 Spatial distribution of variables using Ordinary Kriging
    8.4 Results
    8.4.1 Variation of precipitation
    8.4.2 Variation of monthly potential evapotranspiration
    8.4.3 Variation of monthly water availability
    8.4.4 Variation of seasonal and annual variables
    8.5 Discussion
    8.6 Conclusion
    References
    Further reading
    9. The impact of climate change on intensive precipitation and flood types in Bulgaria
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Methodology for assessment of rainfalls creating a risk of flash and pluvial floods
    9.3 Examples for flash and pluvial floods
    9.3.1 Flash flood in Asparuhovo district on June 19, 2014
    9.3.2 Pluvial flood in the town of Pleven on July 3, 2017
    9.4 Summary of the methodology and discussion
    References
    10. Dynamics of climate, flora and fauna of St. Petersburg and modern conditions for the development of urban planning, land use, and nature conservation
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Methods
    10.3 Results
    10.3.1 Predictive activities to mitigate the consequences of difficult climatic conditions in St. Petersburg
    10.3.2 Protected natural zones of St. Petersburg and the problems of their adaptation to modern climatic conditions
    10.3.3 Dynamics of weather conditions in St. Petersburg
    10.3.4 Floods as the most extreme natural phenomenon in St. Petersburg
    10.3.5 Impact of climate on land use, mitigation, and adaptation
    10.3.6 International cooperation of St. Petersburg in the field of adaptation and mitigation of climate impacts on land use
    10.4 Conclusion
    Acknowledgments
    References
    Further reading
    11. Significance of unsaturated soil properties on stability analyses against extreme rainfall condition
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Mathematical model
    11.3 Soil characterization
    11.4 Seepage and stability analyses
    11.5 Conclusion
    References
    12. Preventive measures for rainfall-induced slope failures in Singapore
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Rainfall analyses
    12.3 Applicable theories
    12.4 Numerical analyses
    12.5 Conclusion
    Acknowledgments
    References
    13. Groundwater vulnerability assessment in the Iberian Peninsula under climate change and land cover
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 Study area
    13.3 Overview of the methodology
    13.3.1 Quantity approach
    13.3.2 Quality approach
    13.3.3 Groundwater vulnerability mapping and validation
    13.4 Results
    13.4.1 Groundwater quantity in the Iberian Peninsula: climate variation and water availability
    13.4.2 Groundwater quality in the Iberian Peninsula
    13.4.3 Groundwater vulnerability in the Iberian Peninsula based on NISTOR-GWV index
    13.5 Discussion
    13.6 Conclusions
    Acknowledgments
    Conflicts of Interest
    References
    Further reading
    14. Application of HEC-RAS/WMS and FHI models for the extreme hydrological events under climate change in the Ifni River arid watershed from Morocco
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Geomorphological and hydroclimatological framework of the Ifni River basin
    14.3 Simulation methodology and hydrological models
    14.3.1 Risk of flooding by the HEC-RAS and WMS method
    14.3.2 Risk of flooding by the Flood Hazard Index method
    14.4 Results and discussion
    14.4.1 Flood Hazard Index method
    14.4.2 HEC-RAS and WMS method
    14.5 Conclusion
    References
    Further reading
    15. The decline of butterfly populations due to climate and land-use change in Romania
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 The situation in Europe
    15.3 The situation in Romania
    15.4 Methods and materials
    15.5 Results
    15.6 Discussions
    15.7 Conclusions
    References
    Further reading
    16. Environmental impacts mitigation odds by soft-computing methods
    16.1 Introduction
    16.2 Technology assessment
    16.3 Environmental quality for assuring sustainable development
    16.4 Environmental impact assessment
    16.5 Environmental impact assessment for operationalizing sustainable development
    16.6 Tools for environmental impact assessment
    16.6.1 Ecoaudit
    16.6.2 Ecobalance
    16.6.3 Life cycle assessment
    16.7 Environmental indicators
    16.8 Fuzzy logic-based method
    16.9 Air pollution index
    16.9.1 Linguistic variables
    16.9.2 Weighting coefficients
    16.10 Application example for environmental impacts assessment by air pollution index
    16.11 Application example for environmental impacts assessment of technological applications by using life cycle assessment
    16.12 Conclusion
    References
    Further reading
    17. Research and strategies to mitigate the impact of climate change and land use practices on natural and artificial systems
    17.1 Introduction
    17.2 Strategies to manage the impact of climate change on the natural and artificial systems
    17.3 Strategies to manage the impact of land use on the natural and artificial systems
    17.4 Mitigations and adaptations measures of climate change impact on the natural and artificial systems
    17.5 Mitigation and adaptation measures of land use impact on the natural and artificial systems
    17.6 Conclusions
    References
    Further reading
    18. Outlook: advantages and disadvantages of studies of the impact of climate change and land use on the natural and artificial systems
    18.1 Overview of the climate and land use change impact on environment
    18.2 Advantages to the study of the impact of climate change and land use on the natural and artificial systems
    18.3 Disadvantages to the study of the impact of climate change and land use on the natural and artificial systems
    18.4 Discussion
    18.5 Conclusions
    References
    Further reading

Product details

  • No. of pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: July 20, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128221846
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128232651

About the Editor

Margarit Nistor

Dr. Mărgărit-Mircea Nistor is a professional researcher and scientist in Earth Systems Sciences. He completed his PhD in 2016, in the field of Geoengineering, at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia from Italy. The BSc and MSc were held at the University of Babeș-Bolyai from Romania. Dr. Mărgărit-Mircea Nistor is dedicated for research in the field of Hydrogeology, Physical Geography, Geomatics, Climate, Glaciology, Geographical Information Systems, Geotechnics, and Environmental studies and he has reached +100 publications. He was cartographer in 2 European projects from South East Europe, in which he managed the large spatial databases and he provided support for digital mapping of water demand, hydrogeological characteristics of aquifers, land use, and climate data. Dr. Mărgărit-Mircea Nistor completed field researches over North America – Alaska, South Asia, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand and he has edited and provided information for +50,000 maps. His personal interest is also in Data Science and Programming, including Analyzing Data, Machine Learning, Data Modelling, Statistics, and Visual Analysis

Affiliations and Expertise

Cartographer and GIS Analyst

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