Clays and Clay Minerals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080092355, 9781483164601

Clays and Clay Minerals

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Seventh National Conference on Clays and Clay Minerals

Editors: Ada Swineford
eBook ISBN: 9781483164601
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1960
Page Count: 380
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Clays and Clay Minerals, Volume 5 contains the proceedings of the Seventh National Conference on Clays and Clay Minerals held in Washington, D.C., on October 20-23, 1958. The papers explore developments in clays and clay mineralogy and cover topics such as differential settling tendencies of clay minerals in saline waters; effect of seawater on clay minerals; clay mineralogy of bottom sediments; relationships in the montmorillonite group of clay minerals; and water content of vermiculite. Advances in X-ray diftractometry of clay minerals are also discussed. This book is comprised of 23 chapters and begins with an analysis of differential settling velocities of individual clay mineral types and clay mineral mixtures in quiet saline water. The reader is then introduced to rapid dissolution of allophane and kaolinite-halloysite after dehydration; formation of chlorite-like structures from montmorillonite; regional clay mineral patterns in the Gulf of Mexico; and quantitative X-ray determinations of some aluminous clay minerals in rocks. The geology of clay deposits in parts of Washington and Idaho is also examined, along with the influence of exchangeable cations on the viscosity of clay suspensions. The final chapter presents the results of X-ray analysis of soil colloids by a modified salted paste method. This volume will be of value to earth scientists, mineralogists, and those interested in clays.

Table of Contents


Differential Settling Tendencies of Clay Minerals in Saline Waters

Effect of Sea-Water on Clay Minerals

Rapid Dissolution of Allophane and Kaolinite-Halloysite after Dehydration

The Formation of Chlorite-like Structures from Montmorillonite

Pretreatment of Soils and Clays for Measurement of External Surface Area by Glycerol Retention

Clay Mineralogy of the Bottom Sediments

Clay Minerals of the Outcropping Basal Cretaceous Beds between the Cape Fear River, North Carolina, and Lynches River, South Carolina

Regional Clay Mineral Patterns in the Gulf of Mexico

Geology of the Clay Deposits in the Olive Hill District, Kentucky

Clay Partings in Gypsum Deposits in Southwestern Indiana

Time Factor and the Genesis of Soils on Early Wisconsin Till

Quantitative X-Ray Determinations of Some Aluminous Clay Minerals in Rocks

Review of the Relationships in the Montmorillonite Group of Clay Minerals

Advances in X-Ray Diftractometry of Clay Minerals

A Discussion of the Water Content of Vermiculite

Some Aspects of the Mineralogy of the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain

Geology of the Clay Deposits in Parts of Washington and Idaho

Clay Minerals in the Morrison Formation on the Colorado Plateau

Clay Mineral Research at the Institute for Silicate Chemistry

Experimental Studies of Illite

Iron Oxide Removal from Soils and Clays by a Dithionite-Citrate System Buffered with Sodium Bicarbonate

Role of Exchangeable Cations in Viscosity of Clay Suspensions

Swelling Pressures of Dilute Na-Montmorillonite Pastes

X-Ray Analysis of Soil Colloids by a Modified Salted Paste Method


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About the Editor

Ada Swineford

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