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Citrus Fruit - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123741301, 9780080556239

Citrus Fruit

1st Edition

Biology, Technology and Evaluation

Authors: Milind Ladanyia Milind Ladaniya
eBook ISBN: 9780080556239
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123741301
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 18th December 2007
Page Count: 576
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Post harvest biology and technology of citrus fruits is gaining importance as the therapeutic value of citrus fruits is realized and supported by the increase in health awareness among the general public.

This book is the most comprehensive reference on citrus fruit biology, biotechnology and quality. Basic and applied scientific information is interwoven to serve the researcher, marketer, scientist, nutritionist, or dietician. With discussions of fruit morphology, anatomy, physiology and biochemistry and chapters on growth phases, maturity standards, grades and physical and mechanical characteristics of citrus trees, this book provides the foundation for understanding growth, harvest and post harvest aspects of these important plants. Insect-pests and diseases, irrigation, nutrition and rootstocks are also addressed.

Key Features

  • Provides practical tips for post harvest management.
    * Includes all aspects of citrus fruit biology, technology and quality evaluation.
    * Discusses biotechnological applications and potential fresh citrus fruit quality improvement
    * Evaluates medicinal and therapeutic applications and recent clinical findings
    * Exhaustive glossary included


Libraries and research institutes, researchers, scientists, and professors involved in horticulture, botanical research, food science, biotechnology, citrus production, postharvest handling, citrus marketing, and citrus research; nutritionists and dieticians

Table of Contents

1) Introduction- An Overview

2) Commercial fresh citrus cultivars and major producers

3) Post harvest losses

4) Pre-harvest factors affecting fruit quality and post-harvest life

5) Fruit morphology, anatomy and physiology
5.1) Fruit morphology
5.2) Fruit anatomy
5.3) Fruit physiology

6) Fruit biochemistry
6.1) Carbohydrates
6.2) Organic acids
6.3) Nitrogenous compounds
6.4) Enzymes
6.5) Lipids, waxes and other related compounds
6.6) Pigments
6.7) Phenolics, Flavonoids and limonoids
6.8) Vitamins
6.9) Inorganic constituents
6.10) Volatiles

7) Growth, maturity, grade standards and physico-mechanical characteristics of fruit
7.1) Growth and development
7.2) Maturation
7.3) Indices of maturity, fruit grades and standards
7.4) Physical and mechanical characteristics

8) Harvesting

9) Preparation for fresh fruit market
9.1) Degreening
9.2) Packinghouse operations
9.3) Post harvest treatments- Coatings, PBRs & other chemicals

10) Packaging
10.1) Containers and other packaging materials
10.2) Film wrapping
10.3) Modified atmosphere packaging

11) Pre-cooling

12) Storage systems and response of citrus fruits
12.1) Refrigerated storage
12.2) Controlled atmosphere and hypobaric storage
12.3) Evaporative and other natural systems
12.4) Ambient storage

13) Transportation

14) Domestic marketing and distribution systems

15) Irradiation

16) Postharvest diseases and management
16.1) Post harvest diseases
16.2) Pesticides, residues and tolerances
16.3) Organic post-harvest management
16.3.1) Bio-agents
16.3.2) Botanicals and other non-hazardous methods
16.3.3) Physical methods

17) Physiological disorders and management

18) Postharvest treatments for insect control

19) Fruit quality control, evaluation and analysis
19.1) Quality control and assurance systems
19.2) Quality evaluation and instruments
19.3) Fruit analysis

20) Nutritional and medicinal value of citrus

21) Biotechnological applications in fresh citrus fruit

22) World fresh citrus trade
22.1) Exports and World trade
22.2) Quarantine issues


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2007
18th December 2007
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:

About the Authors

Milind Ladanyia

Principal Scientist at Dev-Gandhar Citrus Fruit Research Center

Milind Ladaniya

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Scientist, ICAR, India

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