Circuit Design: Know It All

Circuit Design: Know It All

1st Edition - August 25, 2008

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  • Authors: Darren Ashby, Bonnie Baker, Ian Hickman, Walt Kester, Robert Pease, Tim Williams, Bob Zeidman
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080949659

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Description

The Newnes Know It All Series takes the best of what our authors have written to create hard-working desk references that will be an engineer's first port of call for key information, design techniques and rules of thumb. Guaranteed not to gather dust on a shelf!Electronics Engineers need to master a wide area of topics to excel. The Circuit Design Know It All covers every angle including semiconductors, IC Design and Fabrication, Computer-Aided Design, as well as Programmable Logic Design.

Key Features

• A 360-degree view from our best-selling authors
• Topics include fundamentals, Analog, Linear, and Digital circuits
• The ultimate hard-working desk reference; all the essential information, techniques and tricks of the trade in one volume

Readership

Electronics Engineers; Circuit Designers; Communication Engineers

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1 The Fundamentals
    1.1 Electrical fundamentals
    1.2 Passive components
    1.3 D.C. circuits
    1.4 Alternating voltage and current
    1.5 Circuit simulation
    1.6 Intuitive Circuit Design
    1.7 Learn an Intuitive Approach
    1.8 “Lego” Engineering
    1.9 Troubleshooting Circuits
    References
    Chapter 2 The Semiconductor diode
    References
    Chapter 3 Understanding diodes and their problems
    3.1 Speed Demons
    3.2 Turn ’Em Off-Turn ’Em On…
    3.3 Other Strange Things That Diodes Can Do to You…
    3.4 Zener, Zener, Zener…
    3.5 Diodes That Glow in the Dark, Efficiently
    3.6 Solar Cells
    3.7 Assault and Battery
    References
    Chapter 4 Bipolar transistors
    References
    Chapter 5 Field effect transistors
    References
    Chapter 6 Identifying and avoiding transistor problems
    6.1 More Beta-More Better?
    6.2 Field Effect Transistors
    6.3 Power Transistors May Hog Current
    6.4 Apply the 5-Second Rule
    6.5 Fabrication Structures Make a Difference
    6.6 Power-Circuit Design Requires Expertise
    6.7 MOSFETS Avoid Secondary Breakdown
    References
    Chapter 7 Fundamentals
    7.1 Digital Technology
    References
    Chapter 8 Number Systems
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2. Decimal–Unsigned Binary Conversion
    8.3 Signed Binary Numbers
    8.4 Gray Code
    8.5 Binary Coded Decimal
    8.6 Octal-Binary Conversion
    8.7. Hexadecimal-Binary Conversion
    Chapter 9 Binary Data Manipulation
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Logical Operations
    9.3 Boolean Algebra
    9.4 Combinational Logic Gates
    9.5 Truth Tables
    References
    Chapter 10 Combinational Logic Design
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 NAND and NOR logic
    10.3 Karnaugh Maps
    10.4 Don’t Care Conditions
    References
    Chapter 11 Sequential Logic Design
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Level Sensitive Latches and Edge-Triggered Flip-Flops
    11.3 The D Latch and D-Type Flip-Flop
    11.4 Counter Design
    11.5 State Machine Design
    11.6 Moore versus Mealy State Machines
    11.7 Shift Registers
    11.8 Digital Scan Path
    References
    Chapter 12 Memory
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Random Access Memory
    12.3 Read-Only Memory
    Chapter 13 Selecting a design route
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 DISCRETE IMPLEMENTATION
    13.3 MASK PROGRAMMABLE ASICs
    13.4 FIELD PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC
    13.5 VHDL
    13.6 CHOOSING A DESIGN ROUTE
    Chapter 14 Designing with logic ICs
    14.1 Logic ICs
    Chapter 15 Interfacing
    15.1 Mixing analogue and digital
    15.2 Generating digital levels from analogue inputs
    15.3 Protection against externally-applied overvoltages
    15.4 Isolation
    15.5 Classic data interface standards
    15.6 High performance data interface standards
    Chapter 16 DSP and digital filters
    16.1 Origins of Real-World Signals and Their Units of Measurement
    16.2 Reasons for Processing Real-World Signals
    16.3 Generation of Real-World Signals
    16.4 Methods and Technologies Available for Processing Real-World Signals
    16.5 Analog Versus Digital Signal Processing
    16.6 A Practical Example
    16.7 Finite Impulse Response (FIR) Filters
    16.8 FIR Filter Implementation in DSP Hardware Using Circular Buffering
    16.9 Designing FIR Filters
    16.10 Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) Filters
    16.11 IIR Filter Design Techniques
    16.12 Multirate Filters
    16.13 Adaptive Filters
    References
    Chapter 17 Dealing with high speed logic
    References on Dealing with High Speed Logic

    Chapter 18 Bridging the Gap Between Analog and Digital
    18.1 Try to Measure Temperature Digitally
    18.2 Road Blocks Abound
    18.3 The Ultimate Key to Analog Success
    18.4 How Analog and Digital Design Differ
    18.5 Time and Its Inversion
    18.6 Organizing Your Toolbox
    18.7 Set Your Foundation and Move On, Out of the Box
    References
    Chapter 19 Op Amps
    19.1 The.Magical.Mysterious.Op-Amp
    19.2 Understanding Op Amp Parameters
    19.3 Additional Parameter Information
    19.4 Modeling Op Amps
    19.5 Finding the Perfect Op Amp
    References
    Chapter 20 Converters-Analog Meets Digital
    20.1 ADCs
    20.2 Types of ADCs
    20.3 ADC Comparison
    20.4 Sample and Hold
    20.5 Real Parts
    20.6 Microprocessor Interfacing
    20.7 Clocked Interfaces
    20.8 Serial Interfaces
    20.9 Multichannel ADCs
    20.10 Internal Microcontroller ADCs
    20.11 Codecs
    20.12 Interrupt Rates
    20.13 Dual-Function Pins on Microcontrollers
    20.14 Design Checklist
    Chapter 21 Sensors
    21.1 Instrumentation and control systems
    21.2 Transducers
    21.3 Sensors
    21.4 Switches
    21.5 Semiconductor temperature sensors
    21.6 Thermocouples
    21.7 Threshold detection
    21.8 Outputs
    21.9 LED indicators
    21.10 Driving high-current loads
    21.11 Audible outputs
    21.12 Motors
    21.13 Driving mains connected loads
    Chapter 22 Active filters
    22.1 Introduction
    22.2 Fundamentals of Low-Pass Filters
    22.3 Low-Pass Filter Design
    22.4 High-Pass Filter Design
    22.5 Band-Pass Filter Design
    22.6 Band-Rejection Filter Design
    22.7 All-Pass Filter Design
    22.8 Practical Design Hints
    22.9 Filter Coefficient Tables
    References
    Chapter 23 Radio-Frequency (RF) Circuits
    23.1 Modulation of radio waves
    23.2 Low-power RF amplifiers
    23.3 Stability
    23.4 Linearity
    23.5 Noise and dynamic range
    23.6 Impedances and gain
    23.7 Mixers
    23.8 Demodulators
    23.9 Oscillators
    References
    Chapter 24 Signal Sources
    24.1 Voltage references
    24.2 Non-sinusoidaI waveform generators
    24.3 Sine wave generators
    24.4 Voltage-controlled oscillators and phase detectors
    References
    Chapter 25 EDA Design Tools for Analog and RF
    25.1 The Old Pencil and Paper Design Process
    25.2 Is Your Simulation Fundamentally Valid?
    25.3 Macromodels: What Can They Do?
    25.4 Concluding Remarks
    25.5 VHDL-AMS
    25.6 Summary
    References
    Chapter 26 Useful Circuits
    26.1 Introduction
    26.2 Boundary Conditions
    26.3 Amplifiers
    26.4 Computing Circuits
    26.5 Oscillators
    26.6 Some.of.My.Favorite.Circuits.
    References
    Chapter 27 Programmable Logic to ASICs
    27.1 Programmable Read Only Memories (PROMs)
    27.2 Programmable Logic Arrays (PLAs)
    27.3 Programmable Array Logic (PALs)
    27.4 The Masked Gate Array ASIC
    27.5 CPLDs and FPGAs
    27.6 Summary
    References
    Chapter 28 Complex Programmable Logic Devices (CPLDs)
    28.1 CPLD Architectures
    28.2 Function Blocks
    28.3 I/O Blocks
    28.4 Clock Drivers
    28.5 Interconnect
    28.6 CPLD Technology and Programmable Elements
    28.7 Embedded Devices
    28.8 Summary: CPLD Selection Criteria
    References
    Chapter 29 Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs)
    29.1 FPGA Architectures
    29.2 Configurable Logic Blocks
    29.3 Configurable I/O Blocks
    29.4 Embedded Devices
    29.5 Programmable Interconnect
    29.6 Clock Circuitry
    29.7 SRAM vs. Antifuse Programming
    29.8 Emulating and Prototyping ASICs
    29.9 Summary
    References
    Chapter 30 Design Automation and Testing for FPGAs
    30.1 Simulation
    30.2 Simple test bench: instantiating components
    30.3 Libraries
    30.4 Synthesis
    30.5 Physical design flow
    30.6 Place and route
    30.7 Timing analysis
    30.8 Design pitfalls
    30.9 VHDL issues for FPGA design
    30.10 Summary
    References
    Chapter 31 Integrating processors onto FPGAs
    31.1 Introduction
    31.2 A simple embedded processor
    31.3 Soft core processors on an FPGA
    31.4 Summary
    Chapter 32 Implementing digital filters in VHDL
    32.1 Introduction
    32.2 Converting S-domain to Z-domain
    32.3 Implementing Z-domain functions in VHDL
    32.4 Basic low pass filter model
    32.5 FIR filters
    32.6 IIR filters
    32.7 Summary
    Chapter 33 Overview
    33.1 Microprocessor systems
    33.2 Single-chip microcomputers
    33.3 Microcontrollers
    33.4 Microprocessor systems
    33.5 Data types
    33.6 Data storage
    33.7 Microprocessor operation
    33.8 A microcontroller system
    Chapter 34 Microcontroller Toolbox
    34.1 Microcontroller Supply and Reference
    34.2 Resistor Networks
    34.3 Multiple Input Control
    34.4 AC Control
    34.5 Voltage Monitors and Supervisory Circuits
    34.6 Driving Bipolar Transistors
    34.7 Driving MOSFETs
    34.8 Reading Negative Voltages
    34.9 Example Control System
    Chapter 35 Overview
    35.1 Power.Supplies
    Chapter 36 Specifications
    Chapter 37 Off the shelf versus roll your own
    37.1 Costs
    Chapter 38 Input and output parameters
    38.1 Voltage
    38.2 Current
    38.3 Fuses
    38.4 Switch-on surge, or inrush current
    38.5 Waveform distortion and interference
    38.6 Frequency
    38.7 Efficiency
    38.8 Deriving the input voltage from the output
    38.9 Low-load condition
    38.10 Rectifier and capacitor selection
    38.11 Load and line regulation
    38.12 Ripple and noise
    38.13 Transient response
    Chapter 39 Batteries
    39.1 Initial considerations
    39.2 Primary cells
    39.3 Secondary cells
    39.4 Charging
    Chapter 40 Layout and Grounding for Analog and Digital Circuits
    40.1 The Similarities of Analog and Digital Layout Practices
    40.2 Where the Domains Differ – Ground Planes Can Be a Problem
    40.3 Where the Board and Component Parasitics Can Do the Most Damage
    40.4 Layout Techniques That Improve ADC Accuracy and Resolution
    40.5 The Art of Laying Out Two-Layer Boards
    40.6 Current Return Paths With or Without a Ground Plane
    40.7 Layout Tricks for a 12-Bit Sensing System
    40.8 General Layout Guidelines – Device Placement
    40.9 General Layout Guidelines – Ground and Power Supply Strategy
    40.10 Signal Traces
    40.11 Did I Say Bypass and Use an Anti-Aliasing Filter?
    40.12 Bypass Capacitors
    40.13 Anti-Aliasing Filters
    40.14 PCB Design Checklist
    References
    Chapter 41 Safety
    41.1 Safety classes
    41.2 Insulation types
    41.3 Design considerations for safety protection
    41.4 Fire hazard
    Chapter 42 Design for Production
    42.1 Checklist
    42.2 The dangers of ESD
    Chapter 43 Testability
    43.1 In-circuit testing
    43.2 Functional testing
    43.3 Boundary scan and JTAG
    43.4 Design techniques
    Chapter 44 Reliability
    44.1 Definitions
    44.2 The cost of reliability
    44.3 Design for reliability
    44.4 The value of MTBF figures
    44.5 Design faults
    Chapter 45 Thermal Management
    45.1 Using thermal resistance
    45.2 Heatsinks
    45.3 Power semiconductor mounting
    45.4 Placement and layout
    Appendix A Standards
    A.1 British standards
    A.2 IEC standards

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1248
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Newnes 2008
  • Published: August 25, 2008
  • Imprint: Newnes
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080949659

About the Authors

Darren Ashby

Affiliations and Expertise

Electronics Product Line Manager, ICON Fitness, one of the world's largest consumers of embedded chips, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

Bonnie Baker

Bonnie Baker has been involved with analog design and analog systems for nearly 20 years, having started as a manufacturing product engineer supporting analog products at Burr-Brown. From there, Bonnie moved up to IC design, analog division strategic marketer, and then corporate applications engineering manager. In 1998, she joined Microchip Technology’s Microperipherals Division as the analog/mixed signal applications engineering manager. This has expanded her background to not only include analog applications, but to the microcontroller.

Bonnie holds a Masters of Science in Electrical Engineering from the University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ) and a bachelor’s degree in music education from Northern Arizona University (Flagstaff, AZ). In addition to her fascination with analog design, Bonnie has a drive to share her knowledge and experience and has written more than 200 articles, design notes, and application notes and she is a frequent presenter at technical conferences and shows.

Affiliations and Expertise

Columnist for EDN Magazine's "Baker's Best"

Ian Hickman

Affiliations and Expertise

Electronics author and freelance journalist

Walt Kester

Affiliations and Expertise

Analog Devices technical staff

Robert Pease

Pease attended Mt. Hermon School, and graduated from MIT in 1961 with a BSEE. He worked at Philbrick Researches up to 1975 and designed many OpAmps and Analog Computing Modules.

Pease joined National Semiconductor in 1976. He has designed about 24 analog ICs including power regulators, voltage references, and temp sensors. He has written 65+ magazine articles and holds about 21 US patents. Pease is the self-declared Czar of Bandgaps since 1986. He enjoys hiking and trekking in Nepal, and ferroequinology. His position at NSC is Staff Scientist. He is a Senior Member of the IEEE.

Pease wrote the definitive book, TROUBLESHOOTING ANALOG CIRCUITS, now in its 18th printing. It has been translated into French, German, Dutch, Russian, and Polish. Pease is a columnist in Electronic Design magazine, with over 240 columns published. The column, PEASE PORRIDGE, covers a wide range of technical topics.

Pease also has posted many technical and semi-technical items on his main web-site: http://www.national.com/rap Many of Pease's recent columns are accessible there.

Pease was inducted into the E.E. Hall Of Fame in 2002. Refer to: http://www.elecdesign.com/Articles/Index.cfm?ArticleID=17269&Extension=pdf See Pease's other web site at http://www.transtronix.com

Affiliations and Expertise

National Semiconductor Corporation

Tim Williams

Tim Williams worked for a variety of companies as an electronic design engineer, before startinghis own consultancy specializing in EMC design and test advice and training. He has monitored the progress of the EMC Directive and its associated standards since it was first made public, over the last 25 years.

Affiliations and Expertise

Elmac Services, Wareham, UK

Bob Zeidman

Bob Zeidman is the president of The Chalkboard Network, an e-learning company for high-tech professionals. He is also president of Zeidman Consulting, a hardware and software contract development firm. Since 1983, he has designed CPLDs, FPGAs, ASI

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