Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 1 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081002308, 9780081002575

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 1

1st Edition

Fundamentals

Editors: Jessica Jennings Joel Bumgardner
eBook ISBN: 9780081002575
Hardcover ISBN: 9780081002308
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 22nd September 2016
Page Count: 342
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Description

Chitosan Based Biomaterials: Fundamentals, Volume 1, provides the latest information on chitosan, a natural polymer derived from the marine material chitin. Chitosan displays unique properties, most notably biocompatibility and biodegradability. It can also be easily tuned to modify its structure or properties, making chitosan an excellent candidate as a biomaterial. Consequently, chitosan is being developed for many biomedical functions, ranging from tissue engineering and implant coatings to drug and gene delivery. This book looks at the fundamentals of chitosan-based biomaterials.

Key Features

  • Contains specific focus on the techniques and technologies needed to develop chitosan for biomedical applications
  • Presents a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals
  • Provides contributions from leading researchers with extensive experience in chitosan

Readership

Biomaterials/chemistry researchers in academia and industry, biomedical engineers, post-grads

Table of Contents

  • Related titles
  • List of contributors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials
  • Part One. Fundamentals of chitosan for biomedical applications
    • 1. Fundamentals of chitosan for biomedical applications
      • 1.1. Introduction
      • 1.2. Chemical and biological properties of chitosans
      • 1.3. Modification of chitosans
      • 1.4. Some chitosan derivatives
      • 1.5. Biomedical applications of chitosan and chitosan derivatives
      • 1.6. Conclusion and perspectives
    • 2. Antibacterial properties of chitosan
      • 2.1. Introduction
      • 2.2. Antibacterial activity
      • 2.3. Chitosan derivatives and their bactericidal activity
      • 2.4. Concluding remarks
    • 3. Immunological responses to chitosan for biomedical applications
      • 3.1. Introduction
      • 3.2. Whole blood responses to chitosan
      • 3.3. Polymorphonuclear leukocyte responses to chitosan
      • 3.4. Macrophage responses to chitosan
      • 3.5. Studies of innate and cell-mediated immune response
      • 3.6. Effect of macrophage polarization
      • 3.7. Influencing macrophage activation
      • 3.8. Adaptive immune responses to chitosan
      • 3.9. Methods to assay chitosan responses in vitro using human macrophage-like cell cultures
      • 3.10. Conclusions and future trends
      • List of abbreviations
    • 4. Characterization of chitosan matters
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. Physical properties
      • 4.3. Cellular interactions
      • 4.4. In vivo studies using chitosan in bone implant and tissue engineering applications
      • 4.5. Characterization methods
      • 4.6. Conclusion
  • Part Two. Chemical and physical modification of chitosan-based biomaterials
    • 5. Deacetylation modification techniques of chitin and chitosan
      • 5.1. Introduction
      • 5.2. Deacetylation methods
      • 5.3. Methods for determination of degree of deacetylation
      • 5.4. Conclusions
    • 6. Modifying the molecular weight of chitosan
      • 6.1. Introduction
      • 6.2. Merits of chitosan molecular weight modification
      • 6.3. Methods of degradation of the molecular weight of chitosan
      • 6.4. Mechanical degradation methods for modifying molecular weight
      • 6.5. Factors affecting degradation rate
      • 6.6. Methods for increasing degradation rate
      • 6.7. Fractionation
      • 6.8. Summary
    • 7. Controlling chitosan degradation properties in vitro and in vivo
      • 7.1. Background
      • 7.2. Host response to degradable chitosan biomaterials
      • 7.3. Effects of chitosan properties on degradation
      • 7.4. Processing methods to reduce molecular weight
      • 7.5. Experimental methods section
      • 7.6. Conclusions
  • Part Three. Production techniques for chitosan-based biomaterials
    • 8. Production of micro- and nanoscale chitosan particles for biomedical applications
      • 8.1. Introduction
      • 8.2. Chitosan micro- and nanoparticle preparation methods
      • 8.3. Conclusions
    • 9. Production of electrospun chitosan for biomedical applications
      • 9.1. Introduction
      • 9.2. Challenges and success in electrospinning of chitosan
      • 9.3. Production of electrospun nanofiber from chitin to chitosan
      • 9.4. Fiber collections: random and aligned fibers
      • 9.5. Physical–chemical properties of nanofibers
      • 9.6. Biomedical application of chitosan fibers
      • 9.7. Fabrication method
      • 9.8. Conclusion
    • 10. Lyophilized chitosan sponges
      • 10.1. Background
      • 10.2. Drug delivery
      • 10.3. Tissue engineering
      • 10.4. Basics of lyophilization
      • 10.5. Experimental methods section
      • 10.6. Conclusions
    • 11. Production of chitosan coatings on metal and ceramic biomaterials
      • 11.1. Introduction
      • 11.2. Important chitosan properties for the generation of surface coatings
      • 11.3. Methods to improve chitosan coating adhesion
      • 11.4. Methods of chitosan coatings on metals
      • 11.5. Methods of chitosan coatings on ceramics
      • 11.6. Methods of chitosan coatings on polymers
      • 11.7. Conclusions
      • Nomenclature
    • 12. Production of chitosan-based hydrogels for biomedical applications
      • 12.1. Introduction
      • 12.2. Production of chitosan-based hydrogels
      • 12.3. Smart hydrogels
      • 12.4. Biomedical applications
      • 12.5. Methods
      • 12.6. Conclusions
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
342
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2017
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780081002575
Hardcover ISBN:
9780081002308

About the Editor

Jessica Jennings

Dr. Jessica Amber Jennings is a biomedical engineering researcher with expertise in wound healing, infection prevention, drug delivery, biomaterials, and biocompatibility. Her research has explored the effects of electric fields, biomaterials, and growth factors on cells during tissue healing and regeneration. Further, she has designed biomaterials to inhibit attachment of biofilm-forming bacteria to biomaterial surfaces to prevent infection. She has extensive experience in developing and testing composite materials incorporating the degradable biopolymer chitosan as a component, including coatings, films, microbeads, and lyophilized constructs. Her work includes engineering chitosan biomaterials for functionality in tissue regeneration, drug delivery, and infection prevention. She has authored or co-authored over 15 journal articles, one book chapter, 3 patent disclosures, and over 60 presentations and invited lectures. She has served as principle investigator or collaborator on several funded research projects from the Department of Defense, FedEx Institute of Technology, as well as foundation and industrial sponsors. She has mentored more than 10 undergraduate and graduate students in supervised research, several of which have won university research awards and fellowships. She is an active member in several professional organizations, including the Society for Biomaterials, Orthopaedic Research Society, and the Council for Undergraduate Research. She serves as an Early Career Reviewer for the NIH as well as panelist for the National Defense Science and Engineering Fellowship and several other university and industrial proposals. She obtained her BS degree in Biomedical Science at The University of Alabama, and received the Presidential Scholarship as a National Merit Scholar. She completed her MS and PhD in Biomedical Engineering at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, receiving a Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need (GAANN) fellowship. Her postdoctoral research was conducted in the lab of Warren Haggard, PhD at the University of Memphis from 2007-2010. Currently she is an Assistant Professor at the University of Memphis in the Biomedical Engineering Department of the Herff College of Engineering (2010-present).

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Biomedical Engineering Department, Herff College of Engineering, University of Memphis, USA

Joel Bumgardner

Dr. Joel D. Bumgardner is currently a professor and Academic Programs co-director in the Biomedical Engineering Department at The University of Memphis (2004-present). His research has provided key insights into material – cell interactions and biocorrosion processes that have advanced our understanding of the health benefit-risks of implant alloys. He also is a leader in investigating and developing the biopolymer, chitosan, for use in implant coatings, drug delivery and tissue engineering applications. He has over 84 journal articles, 17 book chapters, 6 patent disclosures (2 licensed for infection abatement therapies using chitosan materials) and 215+ presentations and invited lectures. More importantly he has mentored over 60 students; 9 of which have received NSF and or Whitaker graduate fellowships, 4 Fulbright Fellowships, and more than 10 students accepted to medical, dental or law school. He has received numerous awards for his research and instruction including the 2012 Outstanding Instructor Award in the Herff College of Engineering University of Memphis, Outstanding Professor (2001 & 2002) Awards in the Bagley College of Engineering, Mississippi State University, and the University of Alabama Engineering School Alumni recognition award as one of the ‘40 Engineers Making a Difference’ 2011. He is also an elected Fellow (2011) of American Institute of Medical & Biological Engineering and a JW Fulbright Scholar (1994), Umeå University, Umeå Sweden. He is active in several professional organizations such as American Association for Dental Research, American Institute of Medical & Biological Engineering and the Society for Biomaterials in which he has held numerous leadership positions including program chair of the 2005 Annual Meeting, and President (2012-2013). He is a regular reviewer for the NIH and NSF and many biomaterials related journals and serves as an Associate Editor of the Journal of Biomaterial Materials Research: Part B. He obtained his BS Degree in Biology from Florida State University, and his BS in Materials Science, and MS and PhD in Biomedical Engineering all from the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Dr. Bumgardner was a faculty member in the Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering at Mississippi State University (1994-2004).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Academic Programs Co-director,Biomedical Engineering Department, University of Memphis, USA