Child Without Tomorrow - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080177229, 9781483181615

Child Without Tomorrow

1st Edition

Pergamon General Psychology Series

Authors: Anthony M. Graziano
Editors: Arnold P. Goldstein Leonard Krasner
eBook ISBN: 9781483181615
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1974
Page Count: 308
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Child Without Tomorrow discusses the observations and treatments made with seriously emotionally disturbed children. The book relates the development of a specific group therapy program and shows that children can still be taught complex and socially adaptive behavior despite their situations. It is also demonstrated that non-professionals can be trained as operative child-behavior therapists and parents are the best candidate as therapists of their children.

The text defines the term Autism and briefly explains its context. It was suggested that the most useful type of therapy is observed current behavior. Stimulus control, respondent conditioning, and contingency management are important tools of the therapy. A chapter of the book is devoted on control of aggressive and tantrum behavior. Such behaviors were defined and examples were given. To control these behaviors, a process called extinction was exercised. Such process weakens a response through its non-reinforced repetition.

The book will provide useful information to psychologists, therapists, parents with autistic children, students and researcher in the field of psychology.

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 Introduction: Clinical Innovation and the Mental Health

Power Structure

Child without Tomorrow

Innovation in Mental Health

The Local Agencies as a Field of Parallel Bureaucracies

The Mental Health Power Structure

The Laymen and Professional Expertise

Applications and Inquiry

Helping and Reality

Chapter 2 Assumptions, Facilities, and Staff

Initial Assumptions

The Teaching Emphasis

Behavioral Assessment

Behavioral Deficits

Behavioral Surpluses

Behavioral Baselines, Dimensions, and Goals

Acquisition of Adaptive Behavior Through Positive

Reinforcement of Successive Approximations

Decrement of Surplus Behavior Through Non-Reinforcement and the Acquisition of Incompatible Responses

Stimulus Control

Finances and Equipment

Physical Facilities


Expectations of Staff Performance

Program Supports for the High Expectations

Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 3 The Children

The Original Group





The Focal Group

Chapter 4 Structure, Stimulus Control, and Initial Strategies

Structure and Stimulus Control

Stimulus Control and Contingency Management

Respondent Conditioning and Stimulus Control

Operant Conditioning and Stimulus Control

Psychotic Behavior and Stimulus Control

Stimulus Control and the Problem of Attention with Psychotic Children

Stimulus Control and Program Structure

The Data Collection

The Daily Schedule

Behavioral Goals

Achieving an Increased General Response Rate and Identifying and Developing Effective Reinforcers

Chapters 5 The First 100 Sessions

The Original Group

The Focal Group



Chapter 6 Shaping Complex Social Behavior

The First Year: Differential Reinforcement

Snack Time and the Development of Verbal Reinforcers

Shifting from Primary to Secondary Reinforcement

The Second Year: School Time and Generalizing Social Responses

Development of Academic Behavior

The Third Year: Academics in Earnest


Chapter 7 Control of Aggressive and Tantrum Behavior


Physical Restraint, Repetition and Reinforcement of Verbal "Rules"

Removal from the Reinforcement Situation and Social Isolation

"Suspension" from School as "Time-Out" from Reinforcement

Programmed Relaxation and Reciprocal Inhibition

Relaxation Training

Desensitization Sequences


Chapter 8 Summer Camp


Program Objectives

The Children

Structure: Group Assignments

Overall Sequence

Initial Week of Staff Orientation

The First Two Weeks: Establishing the Reinforcing Value of Camp

The Second Two Weeks: Increasing the Structure, Limits on Behavior, and Developing Alternative Adaptive Behavior

The Third Two Weeks: Consolidation

Daily Schedule and Activities

Delayed Secondary Reinforcement

Time-Out from Reinforcement: Temporary Exclusion from Camp

Chapter 9 Active Therapeutic Roles for Parents

Training Parents as Therapists

Three Case Examples

Time Relationships Among the Behavior Dimensions


Chapter 10 The Fourth Year


Program Structure

Behavior During the Fourth Year

Plans for Evaluation

Plans for the Fifth Year

Chapter 11 The Program's Dissolution

Operational Dimensions and Public Images

SEDMIC's Disorganization

Layman-Professional Issues

SEDMIC's Uneven Development

The Laymen's Underestimation of the Task

The Issue of "Commitment"

Near-Resolution of the Crises

Incursion of a Rival Agency

The President Gains Full Control

SEDMIC's Final Program

The Staffs Final Phasing Out

Behavioral Deterioration

Brief Reorganization

The Last Day

Chapter 12 Summary and Conclusions

A Summary of Program Development

The Focal Group

Major Conclusions

Suggestions for Future Programming

Active Mental Health Consumerism-A Note to Parents




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© Pergamon 1974
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Anthony M. Graziano

About the Editor

Arnold P. Goldstein

Leonard Krasner

Ratings and Reviews