Child Without Tomorrow

Child Without Tomorrow

Pergamon General Psychology Series

1st Edition - January 1, 1974

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  • Author: Anthony M. Graziano
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483151588

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Child Without Tomorrow is a description of the author's findings with severely emotionally disturbed children. It also aims to show that through proper and continuous intervention, disturbed children can be taught new, complex, and socially adaptive behavior. The book covers the preparation done in the study, the description of the children that were part of the study as well as the rationale why they were chosen, the planning and implementation done throughout the course of the study, the detailed record of the six-year project, starting from its conception up until its dissolution, its effects on the children and the progress they have made, and the steps that must be done in order for the children to continuously improve after the program. The text is not only for child psychologists, pediatricians, and special education teachers, but also for parents, teachers, and other lay people that deal with disturbed children, as the author believes that they can be trained as effective child-behavior therapists.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Chapter 1 Introduction: Clinical Innovation and the Mental Health Power Structure

    Child Without Tomorrow

    Innovation in Mental Health

    The Local Agencies as a Field of Parallel Bureaucracies

    The Mental Health Power Structure

    The Laymen and Professional Expertise

    Applications and Inquiry

    Helping and Reality

    Chapter 2 Assumptions, Facilities, and Staff

    Initial Assumptions

    The Teaching Emphasis

    Behavioral Assessment

    Behavioral Deficits

    Behavioral Surpluses

    Behavioral Baselines, Dimensions, and Goals

    Acquisition of Adaptive Behavior through Positive Reinforcement of Successive Approximations

    Decrement of Surplus Behavior through Non-Reinforcement and the Acquisition of Incompatible Responses

    Stimulus Control

    Finances and Equipment

    Physical Facilities


    Expectations of Staff Performance

    Program Supports for the High Expectations

    Summary and Conclusions

    Chapter 3 The Children

    The Original Group





    The Focal Group

    Chapter 4 Structure, Stimulus Control, and Initial Strategies

    Structure and Stimulus Control

    Stimulus Control and Contingency Management

    Respondent Conditioning and Stimulus Control

    Operant Conditioning and Stimulus Control

    Psychotic Behavior and Stimulus Control

    Stimulus Control and the Problem of Attention with Psychotic Children

    Stimulus Control and Program Structure

    The Data Collection

    The Daily Schedule

    Behavioral Goals

    Achieving an Increased General Response Rate and Identifying and Developing Effective Reinforcers

    Chapter 5 The First 100 Sessions

    The Original Group

    The Focal Group



    Chapter 6 Shaping Complex Social Behavior

    The First Year: Differential Reinforcement

    Snack Time and the Development of Verbal Reinforcers

    Shifting from Primary to Secondary Reinforcement

    The Second Year: School Time and Generalizing Social Responses

    Development of Academic Behavior

    The Third Year: Academics in Earnest


    Chapter 7 Control of Aggressive and Tantrum Behavior


    Physical Restraint, Repetition and Reinforcement of Verbal "Rules"

    Removal from the Reinforcement Situation and Social Isolation

    "Suspension" from School as "Time-out" from Reinforcement

    Programmed Relaxation and Reciprocal Inhibition

    Relaxation Training

    Desensitization Sequences


    Chapter 8 Summer Camp


    Program Objectives

    The Children

    Structure: Group Assignments

    Overall Sequence

    Initial Week of Staff Orientation

    The First Two Weeks: Establishing the Reinforcing Value of Camp

    The Second Two Weeks: Increasing the Structure, Limits on Behavior, and Developing Alternative Adaptive Behavior

    The Third Two Weeks: Consolidation

    Daily Schedule and Activities

    Delayed Secondary Reinforcement

    Time-Out from Reinforcement: Temporary Exclusion from Camp

    Chapter 9 Active Therapeutic Roles for Parents

    Training Parents as Therapists

    Three Case Examples

    Time Relationships among the Behavior Dimensions


    Chapter 10 The Fourth Year


    Program Structure

    Behavior During the Fourth Year

    Plans for Evaluation

    Plans for the Fifth Year

    Chapter 11 The Program's Dissolution

    Operational Dimensions and Public Images

    SEDMIC's Disorganization

    Layman-Professional Issues

    SEDMIC's Uneven Development

    The Laymen's Underestimation of the Task

    The Issue of "Commitment"

    Near-Resolution of the Crises

    Incursion of a Rival Agency

    The President Gains Full Control

    SEDMIC's Final Program

    The Staffs Final Phasing Out

    Behavioral Deterioration

    Brief Reorganization

    The Last Day

    Chapter 12 Summary and Conclusions

    A Summary of Program Development

    The Focal Group

    Major Conclusions

    Suggestions for Future Programming

    Active Mental Health Consumerism-A Note to Parents



Product details

  • No. of pages: 308
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1974
  • Published: January 1, 1974
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483151588

About the Author

Anthony M. Graziano

About the Editors

Arnold P. Goldstein

Leonard Krasner

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