Child Without Tomorrow - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080170855, 9781483151588

Child Without Tomorrow

1st Edition

Pergamon General Psychology Series

Authors: Anthony M. Graziano
Editors: Arnold P. Goldstein Leonard Krasner
eBook ISBN: 9781483151588
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1974
Page Count: 308
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Description

Child Without Tomorrow is a description of the author's findings with severely emotionally disturbed children. It also aims to show that through proper and continuous intervention, disturbed children can be taught new, complex, and socially adaptive behavior. The book covers the preparation done in the study, the description of the children that were part of the study as well as the rationale why they were chosen, the planning and implementation done throughout the course of the study, the detailed record of the six-year project, starting from its conception up until its dissolution, its effects on the children and the progress they have made, and the steps that must be done in order for the children to continuously improve after the program.
The text is not only for child psychologists, pediatricians, and special education teachers, but also for parents, teachers, and other lay people that deal with disturbed children, as the author believes that they can be trained as effective child-behavior therapists.

Table of Contents


Preface

Chapter 1 Introduction: Clinical Innovation and the Mental Health Power Structure

Child Without Tomorrow

Innovation in Mental Health

The Local Agencies as a Field of Parallel Bureaucracies

The Mental Health Power Structure

The Laymen and Professional Expertise

Applications and Inquiry

Helping and Reality

Chapter 2 Assumptions, Facilities, and Staff

Initial Assumptions

The Teaching Emphasis

Behavioral Assessment

Behavioral Deficits

Behavioral Surpluses

Behavioral Baselines, Dimensions, and Goals

Acquisition of Adaptive Behavior through Positive Reinforcement of Successive Approximations

Decrement of Surplus Behavior through Non-Reinforcement and the Acquisition of Incompatible Responses

Stimulus Control

Finances and Equipment

Physical Facilities

Personnel

Expectations of Staff Performance

Program Supports for the High Expectations

Summary and Conclusions

Chapter 3 The Children

The Original Group

Billy

Frankie

Freddie

Mary

The Focal Group

Chapter 4 Structure, Stimulus Control, and Initial Strategies

Structure and Stimulus Control

Stimulus Control and Contingency Management

Respondent Conditioning and Stimulus Control

Operant Conditioning and Stimulus Control

Psychotic Behavior and Stimulus Control

Stimulus Control and the Problem of Attention with Psychotic Children

Stimulus Control and Program Structure

The Data Collection

The Daily Schedule

Behavioral Goals

Achieving an Increased General Response Rate and Identifying and Developing Effective Reinforcers

Chapter 5 The First 100 Sessions

The Original Group

The Focal Group

Cathy

Gerry

Chapter 6 Shaping Complex Social Behavior

The First Year: Differential Reinforcement

Snack Time and the Development of Verbal Reinforcers

Shifting from Primary to Secondary Reinforcement

The Second Year: School Time and Generalizing Social Responses

Development of Academic Behavior

The Third Year: Academics in Earnest

Summary

Chapter 7 Control of Aggressive and Tantrum Behavior

Extinction

Physical Restraint, Repetition and Reinforcement of Verbal "Rules"

Removal from the Reinforcement Situation and Social Isolation

"Suspension" from School as "Time-out" from Reinforcement

Programmed Relaxation and Reciprocal Inhibition

Relaxation Training

Desensitization Sequences

Summary

Chapter 8 Summer Camp

Introduction

Program Objectives

The Children

Structure: Group Assignments

Overall Sequence

Initial Week of Staff Orientation

The First Two Weeks: Establishing the Reinforcing Value of Camp

The Second Two Weeks: Increasing the Structure, Limits on Behavior, and Developing Alternative Adaptive Behavior

The Third Two Weeks: Consolidation

Daily Schedule and Activities

Delayed Secondary Reinforcement

Time-Out from Reinforcement: Temporary Exclusion from Camp

Chapter 9 Active Therapeutic Roles for Parents

Training Parents as Therapists

Three Case Examples

Time Relationships among the Behavior Dimensions

Conclusions

Chapter 10 The Fourth Year

Introduction

Program Structure

Behavior During the Fourth Year

Plans for Evaluation

Plans for the Fifth Year

Chapter 11 The Program's Dissolution

Operational Dimensions and Public Images

SEDMIC's Disorganization

Layman-Professional Issues

SEDMIC's Uneven Development

The Laymen's Underestimation of the Task

The Issue of "Commitment"

Near-Resolution of the Crises

Incursion of a Rival Agency

The President Gains Full Control

SEDMIC's Final Program

The Staffs Final Phasing Out

Behavioral Deterioration

Brief Reorganization

The Last Day

Chapter 12 Summary and Conclusions

A Summary of Program Development

The Focal Group

Major Conclusions

Suggestions for Future Programming

Active Mental Health Consumerism-A Note to Parents

References

Index


Details

No. of pages:
308
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1974
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483151588

About the Author

Anthony M. Graziano

About the Editor

Arnold P. Goldstein

Leonard Krasner