Chemistry in Botanical Classification: Medicine and Natural Sciences - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120866502, 9780323162517

Chemistry in Botanical Classification: Medicine and Natural Sciences

1st Edition

Medicine and Natural Sciences

Editors: Gerd Bendz
eBook ISBN: 9780323162517
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1974
Page Count: 322
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Description

Medicine and Natural Sciences: Chemistry in Botanical Classification contains the proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth Nobel Symposium held in Sodergarn, Sweden, on August 20-25, 1973. The papers explore the chemical approach to plant classification and cover topics ranging from chemosystematics and applications of special classes of compounds to insects and plant chemotaxonomy. Biosynthetic pathways in chemical phylogeny and some aspects of organic geochemistry are also discussed. This book is comprised of 32 chapters divided into five sections. The first chapter provides an overview of the chemical approach to botanical classification, with special reference to the higher taxa of Magnoliophyta. The reader is then introduced to chemosystematics and the construction of phylogenetic schemes, as well as the use of a chemical character for the classification of living organisms. The following chapters focus on The chemistry of disjunct taxa; homology of biosynthetic routes; and applications of special classes of compounds such as flavonoids. The systematic distribution of ellagitannins in relation to the phylogeny and classification of the angiosperms is also considered. The final chapter describes phytochemical and biological procedures for screening of plant materials. This monograph will be of value to botanists, plant taxonomists, and chemists.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Sponsors

Nobel Symposium Committee

Organizing Committee

List of Participants

Author Index

Opening Speech

General Aspects on Plant Chemotaxonomy

The Chemical Approach to Plant Classification with Special Reference to the Higher Taxa of Magnoliophyta

Chemical Plant Taxonomy: A Generalizes View of a Promising Specialty

Chemosystematics—An Artificial Discipline

A Chemical Compound as a Taxonomic Character

The Chemistry of Disjunct Taxa

Homology of Biosynthetic Routes: The Base in Chemotaxonomy

Applications of Special Classes of Compounds

Flavonoids

Flavonoids as Evolutionary Markers in Primitive Tracheophytes

Systematic Distribution of Ellagitannins in Relation to the Phylogeny and Classification of the Angiosperms

Flavonoids as Systematic Markers in the Angiosperms

Flavonoids in Bryophytes (Presented by G. Bendz)

Red Pigments in the Juncaceae Family (Presented by A. Fredga)

Terpenoids

Volatile Constituents, Especially Terpenes, and Their Utility and Potential as Taxonomic Characters in Populational Studies (Presented by B. L. Turner)

Some Aspects of the Distribution of Diterpenes in Plants

Chemical Constitution and Botanical Affinity in Artemisia (Presented by T. A. Geissman)

Chemotypen von Chrysanthemum Vulgare (L.) Bernh. (Presented by M. von Schantz)

Pseudoguaianolides in Compositae

Distribution of Tetracyclic Triterpenoids of Lanostane Group in pore Fungi (Basidiomycetes) (Presented by S. Natori)

Applying Chemistry to Genetics in Certain Solanaceae

Alkaloids

The use of Alkaloids in Determining the Taxonomic Position of Vinca libanotica (Apocynaceae) (Presented by N. R. Farnsworth)

The Quinolizidine Alkaloids

Polypeptides, Glucosinolates and Glycolipides

The Use of Amino Acid Sequence Data in the Classification of Higher Plants

The Interpretation of Comparative Serological Results

The Natural Distribution of Glucosinolates: A Uniform Group of Sulfur-Containing Glucosides

The Chemistry of Resin Glycosides of the Convolvulaceae Family

Lichen Compounds

Some Aspects of Lichen Chemotaxonomy

Insects and Plant Chemotaxonomy

The Pollination of Ophrys Orchids

Biosynthesis and Phylogeny

Biosynthetic Pathways in Chemical Phylogeny

Some Aspects of Organic Geochemistry

Application of Combined Chemical Characters

Is the Order Centrospermae Monophyletic?

Population Structure in Circaea lutetiana, C. alpina and C. x intermedia (Onagraceae) as Revealed by Thin-Layer Chromatographic Patterns

Chemosystematics in the Classification of Cultivars

Biological and Chemical Screening of Plant Materials

General Discussion

List of Angiosperm Families in need of Chemical Investigation

Concluding Remarks

Details

No. of pages:
322
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1973
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323162517

About the Editor

Gerd Bendz