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Chemical Zoology V4 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123955371, 9780323145879

Chemical Zoology V4

1st Edition

Annelida, Echiuria, And Sipuncula

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Editor: Marcel Florkin
eBook ISBN: 9780323145879
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1969
Page Count: 564
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Chemical Zoology, Volume IV: Annelida, Echiura, and Sipuncula presents chemical information on zoological significance of Annelida, Echiura, and Sipuncula. This book is organized into 13 chapters that tackle the biological and biochemical aspects of these phyla.
The opening chapter describes the comparative anatomy, phylogeny, and classification of Annelida, Echiura, and Sipuncula. The book goes on discussing the biological aspects of these phyla, including nutrition and digestion; respiration and energy metabolism; oxygen transport; and carbohydrate and nitrogen metabolism. This volume also covers these organisms' composition of guanidine compounds and phosphagens, lipids, inorganic components, and pigments. Other chapters deal with the growth and development, luminescence, endocrines, and pharmacologic properties of Annelida, Echiura, and Sipuncula.
This book is an invaluable resource for zoologists and biochemists.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Contents of Other Volumes

Chapter 1. Systematics and Phylogeny: Annelida, Echiura, Sipuncula

I. Introduction

II. Paleontological Evidence

III. The General Picture

IV. Relationships between the Phyla

V. Relationships between the Annelid Classes

VI. Annelid Classification

VII. Biochemistry, Physiology, and the Phylogeny of Annelids


Chapter 2. Nutrition and Digestion

I. Annelida

II. Echiurida

III. Sipunculida


Chapter 3. Respiration and Energy Metabolism in Annelids



Chapter 4. Respiratory Proteins and Oxygen Transport

I. Respiratory Proteins of Annelida

II. Respiratory Proteins of Echiurida

III. Hemerythrin, the Respiratory Protein of Sipunculida


Chapter 5. Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Metabolism: Annelida, Sipunculida, Echiurida

I. Composition

II. Metabolism

III. "Spreading Factor" of Leech Extracts


Chapter 6. Nitrogen Metabolism

I. Amino Acids in the Form of Proteins and in the Free Form

II. Free Amino Acids in Intracellular Isosmotic Regulation

III. The Metabolism of Nitrogenous Compounds

IV. Terminal Products of Nitrogen Metabolism in Annelida and Sipunculida


Chapter 7. Guanidine Compounds and Phosphagens

I. Introduction

II. Chemistry of Guanidine Compounds and of Phosphagens Distributed in Worms

III. Extraction, Characterization, Estimation of Guanidine Compounds in Worms

IV. Metabolism of Guanidine Compounds in Worms

V. Biological Distribution

VI. Conclusion


Chapter 8. Annelida, Echiurida, and Sipunculida—Lipid Components and Metabolism

I. Fatty Acids of Annelida

II. Phosphatides and Other Complex Lipids

III. Sterols of Annelids

IV. Complex Lipids of the Nervous System

V. Marine Animals

VI. Fatty Acid Synthesis and the Assembly of Glycerides or Complex Phosphatides

VII. Conclusion


Chapter 9. Inorganic Components and Metabolism; Ionic and Osmotic Regulation: Annelida, Sipuncula, and Echiura

I. Introduction

II. Steady-State Water and Solute Concentrations

III. Responses to Sudden Osmotic Stress

IV. Ion Exchanges and Active Transport

V. Role of Nephridia

VI. Oxygen Consumption and the Energetics of Osmoregulation

VII. Nervous and Hormonal Control of Osmoregulation

VIII. Osmoregulation in Eggs and Larvae

IX. Regulation of Intracellular Osmotic Pressure

X. Summary


Chapter 10. Pigments of Annelida, Echiuroidea, Sipunculoidea, Priapulidea, and Phoronidea

I. Introduction

II. Distribution of Pigments

III. Origin, Metabolism, and Function of the Pigments

IV. Conclusion


Chapter 11. Growth and Development

I. Introduction

II. Embryonic Development

III. Later Development

IV. Sexual Development

V. Senescence

VI. Regeneration

VII. Conclusion


Chapter 12. Endocrines and Pharmacology of Annelida, Echiuroidea, Sipunculoidea

I. Introduction

II. Annelida

III. Echiuroidea

IV. Sipunculoidea

V. Conclusion


Chapter 13. Luminescence in Annelids

I. Introduction

II. Simple Enzyme-Substrate Systems

III. Peroxidation Systems

IV. Unclassified Systems

V. Function of the Luminescence


Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1969
1st January 1969
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin

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