Chemical Zoology V4

Chemical Zoology V4

Annelida, Echiuria, And Sipuncula

1st Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Editor: Marcel Florkin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145879

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Description

Chemical Zoology, Volume IV: Annelida, Echiura, and Sipuncula presents chemical information on zoological significance of Annelida, Echiura, and Sipuncula. This book is organized into 13 chapters that tackle the biological and biochemical aspects of these phyla. The opening chapter describes the comparative anatomy, phylogeny, and classification of Annelida, Echiura, and Sipuncula. The book goes on discussing the biological aspects of these phyla, including nutrition and digestion; respiration and energy metabolism; oxygen transport; and carbohydrate and nitrogen metabolism. This volume also covers these organisms' composition of guanidine compounds and phosphagens, lipids, inorganic components, and pigments. Other chapters deal with the growth and development, luminescence, endocrines, and pharmacologic properties of Annelida, Echiura, and Sipuncula. This book is an invaluable resource for zoologists and biochemists.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    Chapter 1. Systematics and Phylogeny: Annelida, Echiura, Sipuncula

    I. Introduction

    II. Paleontological Evidence

    III. The General Picture

    IV. Relationships between the Phyla

    V. Relationships between the Annelid Classes

    VI. Annelid Classification

    VII. Biochemistry, Physiology, and the Phylogeny of Annelids

    References

    Chapter 2. Nutrition and Digestion

    I. Annelida

    II. Echiurida

    III. Sipunculida

    References

    Chapter 3. Respiration and Energy Metabolism in Annelids

    Text

    References

    Chapter 4. Respiratory Proteins and Oxygen Transport

    I. Respiratory Proteins of Annelida

    II. Respiratory Proteins of Echiurida

    III. Hemerythrin, the Respiratory Protein of Sipunculida

    References

    Chapter 5. Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Metabolism: Annelida, Sipunculida, Echiurida

    I. Composition

    II. Metabolism

    III. "Spreading Factor" of Leech Extracts

    References

    Chapter 6. Nitrogen Metabolism

    I. Amino Acids in the Form of Proteins and in the Free Form

    II. Free Amino Acids in Intracellular Isosmotic Regulation

    III. The Metabolism of Nitrogenous Compounds

    IV. Terminal Products of Nitrogen Metabolism in Annelida and Sipunculida

    References

    Chapter 7. Guanidine Compounds and Phosphagens

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemistry of Guanidine Compounds and of Phosphagens Distributed in Worms

    III. Extraction, Characterization, Estimation of Guanidine Compounds in Worms

    IV. Metabolism of Guanidine Compounds in Worms

    V. Biological Distribution

    VI. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 8. Annelida, Echiurida, and Sipunculida—Lipid Components and Metabolism

    I. Fatty Acids of Annelida

    II. Phosphatides and Other Complex Lipids

    III. Sterols of Annelids

    IV. Complex Lipids of the Nervous System

    V. Marine Animals

    VI. Fatty Acid Synthesis and the Assembly of Glycerides or Complex Phosphatides

    VII. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 9. Inorganic Components and Metabolism; Ionic and Osmotic Regulation: Annelida, Sipuncula, and Echiura

    I. Introduction

    II. Steady-State Water and Solute Concentrations

    III. Responses to Sudden Osmotic Stress

    IV. Ion Exchanges and Active Transport

    V. Role of Nephridia

    VI. Oxygen Consumption and the Energetics of Osmoregulation

    VII. Nervous and Hormonal Control of Osmoregulation

    VIII. Osmoregulation in Eggs and Larvae

    IX. Regulation of Intracellular Osmotic Pressure

    X. Summary

    References

    Chapter 10. Pigments of Annelida, Echiuroidea, Sipunculoidea, Priapulidea, and Phoronidea

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution of Pigments

    III. Origin, Metabolism, and Function of the Pigments

    IV. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 11. Growth and Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Embryonic Development

    III. Later Development

    IV. Sexual Development

    V. Senescence

    VI. Regeneration

    VII. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 12. Endocrines and Pharmacology of Annelida, Echiuroidea, Sipunculoidea

    I. Introduction

    II. Annelida

    III. Echiuroidea

    IV. Sipunculoidea

    V. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 13. Luminescence in Annelids

    I. Introduction

    II. Simple Enzyme-Substrate Systems

    III. Peroxidation Systems

    IV. Unclassified Systems

    V. Function of the Luminescence

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 564
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145879

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin

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