Chemical Zoology V3

Chemical Zoology V3

Echinnodermata, Nematoda, And Acanthocephala

1st Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Editor: Marcel Florkin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143110

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Description

Chemical Zoology, Volume III: Echinodermata, Nematoda, and Acanthocephala presents chemical information on zoological significance of Echinodermata, Nematoda, and Acanthocephala. This book is divided into two sections; each section deals with the biological and biochemical aspects of the specific phylum. The first section examines the general characteristics, ionic patterns, feeding, nutrition, digestion, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, fertilization and development, and pharmacology of Echinodermata. The echinoderms make up one of the principal branches of the animal kingdom and one of the most distinctive. The second part focuses on various aspects of nematodes and Acanthocephala, including their classification, skeletal structure, nutrition, and culture methods. The carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, lipid and nitrogenous composition, osmotic and ionic regulation, growth and development, pigments, and pharmacological activity of nematodes and Acanthocephala are also discussed in this volume. This book is an invaluable resource for zoologists and biochemists.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    Section I: Echinodermata

    Chapter 1. General Characteristics of the Echinoderms

    I. Introduction

    II. Distinguishing Characteristics

    III. Ontogenesis

    IV. Symmetry

    V. Skeleton

    VI. Nervous System

    VII. Digestive Tube

    VIII. Coelom

    IX. Lacunar Hemal System

    X. Axial Organ

    XI. Coelomocytes and Internal Fluids

    XII. Reproductive System

    XIII. Position in the Zoological System

    XIV. Relationships among the Classes of Echinoderms

    XV. Classification

    XVI. Systematics

    References

    Chapter 2. Ionic Patterns

    I. Introduction

    II. Histology

    III. Dimensions of the Extracellular Space

    IV. Kinetics of Albumin Diffusion

    V. Ionic Content

    VI. Ionic Exchange in Holothuroidean Muscle

    VII. Discussion

    References

    Chapter 3. Feeding, Digestion, and Nutrition in Echinodermata

    I. Introduction

    II. General Nutritive Requirements

    III. Mechanisms for Collecting and Ingesting Nutrients

    IV. Factors Affecting Food Selection

    V. Digestive Mechanisms

    VI. Fate of the Digested Products

    References

    Chapter 4. Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Metabolism of Echinoderms

    I. Introduction

    II. Mucopolysaccharides

    III. Steroid Glycoside Toxins from Echinoderms

    IV. Structure and Distribution of Glycogen

    V. Physiology and Metabolism of Glycogen

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 5. Lipid Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Lipids

    References

    Chapter 6. Pigments in Echinodermata

    I. Crinoidea

    II. Echinoidea

    III. Holothuroidea

    IV. Asteroidea

    V. Ophiuroidea

    VI. Comment

    References

    Chapter 7. Fertilization and Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Formation of the Egg

    III. Fertilization

    IV. Development

    References

    Chapter 8. Pharmacology of Echinoderms

    I. Introduction

    II. Effects of Different Substances on Various Systems

    III. Pharmacological Effects on Larvae

    IV. Pharmacological Effects on Whole Animals

    V. Occurrence of Biologically Active Substances

    VI. Summary

    References

    Section II: Nematoda and Acanthocephala

    Chapter 1. The Systematics and Biology of Some Parasitic Nematodes

    Classification

    I. Rhabditida

    II. Strongylida

    III. Ascarida

    IV. Spirurida

    V. Adenophorea

    VI. Dioctophymatida

    References

    Chapter 2. The Biology of the Acanthocephala

    Text

    References

    Chapter 3. Skeletal Structures and Integument of Acanthocephala and Nematoda

    I. Introduction

    II. Acanthocephala

    III. Nematoda

    IV. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 4. Culture Methods and Nutrition of Nematodes and Acanthocephala

    I. Culture Methods and Nutrition of Free-Living Nematodes

    II. Culture Methods and Nutrition of Parasitic Nematodes

    III. The Culture and Nutrition of Acanthocephala

    References

    Chapter 5. Carbohydrate and Energy Metabolism of Nematodes and Acanthocephala

    I. Introduction

    II. Nematodes Which Are Obligate Aerobes

    III. Nematodes Which Lack an Oxygen Requirement for Energy Metabolism in at Least One Stage

    IV. Acanthocephala

    V. Summary

    References

    Chapter 6. Lipid Components and Metabolism of Acanthocephala and Nematoda

    I. Introduction

    II. Nature and Distribution

    III. Digestion and Absorption. Lipases and Esterases

    IV. Origins and Catabolism

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 7. Nitrogenous Components and Their Metabolism: Acanthocephala and Nematoda

    I. Introduction

    II. Proteinases in Nematodes

    III. The Absorption of Nitrogenous Substances in Nematodes

    IV. The Absorption of Nitrogenous Substances in Acanthocephala

    V. The Excretion of Nitrogenous Substances by Nematodes

    VI. The Metabolism of Amino Acids in Nematodes

    VII. The Metabolism of Amino Acids in Acanthocephala

    VIII. Proteins in Nematodes

    IX. Proteins of the Acanthocephala

    X. Metabolism of Heme Compounds

    XI. Nucleic Acids in Nematodes

    References

    Chapter 8. Osmotic and Ionic Regulation in Nematodes

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nematode Egg

    III. Larval Stages

    IV. Adult Nematodes

    V. Summary

    References

    Chapter 9. Chemical Aspects of Growth and Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Special Features Which Affect Growth

    III. Growth Curves and the Measurement of Growth

    IV. Factors in the Environment Which Affect Growth

    V. Intermediary Metabolism in Relation to Growth

    VI. The Chemistry of the Hatching of Eggs

    VII. The Chemistry of Molting and Excystment

    References

    Chapter 10. The Pigments of Nematoda and Acanthocephala

    I. Introduction

    II. Nematoda

    III. Acanthocephala

    References

    Chapter 11. Pharmacology of Nematoda

    I. Introduction

    II. Drugs Acting on the Nervous System

    III. Drugs Acting on the Neuromuscular System

    IV. Miscellaneous Drugs Which May Interfere with Excitation Processes

    V. Drugs Which Interfere with Nutritional and Metabolic Processes

    VI. Compounds Which Interfere with Reproduction and the Larval Stages

    VII. Nonspecific Drugs and Protoplasm Poisons

    VIII. Proteolytic Enzymes

    References

    Chapter 12. Chemistry of Nematodes in Relation to Serological Diagnosis

    I. Introduction

    II. Antigen Extractions

    III. Antigens from Excretions and Secretions

    IV. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 13. Chemical Ecology of Acanthocephala and Nematoda

    I. Introduction

    II. Acanthocephala

    III. Nematoda

    References

    Chapter 14. Gastrotricha, Kinorhyncha, Rotatoria, Kamptozoa, Nematomorpha, Nemertina, Priapuloidea

    I. Introduction

    II. Gastrotricha and Kinorhyncha (Echinoderida)

    III. Rotatoria

    IV. Kamptozoa (Entoprocta)

    V. Nematomorpha (Gordiacea)

    VI. Nemertina (Ribbonworms)

    VII. Priapuloidea

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 710
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143110

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin

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