Chemical Zoology V2

Chemical Zoology V2

Porifera, Coelenterata, And Platyhelminthes

1st Edition - January 1, 1968

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  • Editor: Marcel Florkin
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143752

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Description

Chemical Zoology, Volume II: Porifera, Coelenterata, and Platyhelminthes presents chemical information on zoological significance. This book is organized into three sections; each section deals with the biological and biochemical aspects of the specific phylum. The first section examines three large classes of Porifera, namely, Calcarea, Demospongiae, and Hexactinellida. It describes the skeletal structure, pigments, nutrition, digestion, composition, intermediary metabolism, and hibernation of Porifera. The second section covers the classification, pigments, feeding response, digestion, nutrition, ecology, pharmacology, and intermediary metabolism of Coelenterata. The last section is devoted to the classification, nutrition, digestion, respiratory and intermediary metabolism, growth, development, and culture methods, as well as the chemical aspects of ecology of Platyhelminthes. This book is an invaluable resource for zoologists and biochemists.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Other Volumes

    Section I: Porifera

    Chapter 1. The Sponges, or Porifera

    I. Introduction

    II. The Calcareous Sponges

    III. The Demospongiae

    IV. Hexactinellida

    V. Reproduction

    References

    Chapter 2. Skeletal Structures of Porifera

    Text

    References

    Chapter 3. Pigments of Porifera

    I. Carotenoids

    II. Porphyrins

    III. Miscellaneous Pigments

    References

    Chapter 4. Nutrition and Digestion

    I. The Sponges as Filter Feeders

    II. The Sponges as Saprotrophs

    III. The Sponges as Symbionts

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 5. Composition and Intermediary Metabolism—Porifera

    I. Polysaccharides and Sugars

    II. Fats, Fatty Acids, and Sterols

    III. Proteins and Amino Acids

    IV. Nucleic Acids, Nucleosides, and Phosphagens

    V. Minerals

    References

    Chapter 6. Chemical Aspects of Hibernation

    I. Prehibernation

    II. The Hibernation Proper

    III. Posthibernation or the Germination of Gemmules

    References

    Section II: Coelenterata, Ctenophora

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Coelenterates

    I. Introduction

    II. Phylum Cnidaria

    III. Phylum Ctenophora or Ctenaria

    IV. Structure of Cnidaria

    V. Structure of Ctenophora or Ctenaria

    References

    Chapter 2. Pigments of Coelenterata

    I. Carotenoids

    II. Cytochromes

    III. Porphyrins

    IV. Bile Pigments

    V. Melanins

    VI. Purines

    VII. Miscellaneous Pigments

    VIII. Formation

    IX. Comment

    References

    Chapter 3. Chemical Perspectives on the Feeding Response, Digestion, and Nutrition of Selected Coelenterates

    I. Introduction

    II. Feeding Response

    III. Digestion

    IV. Nutrition

    V. Permeability

    VI. Perspectives

    VII. Appendix—Explanation of the Modified Dixon Equation

    References

    Chapter 4. Intermediary Metabolism—Coelenterata

    I. Polysaccharides and Sugars

    II. Fats, Fatty Acids, and Sterols

    III. Proteins and Amino Acids

    IV. Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, Kinases, and Phosphatases

    V. Mineral Metabolism

    VI. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 5. The Chemistry of Luminescence in Coelenterates

    I. Introduction

    II. General Characteristics

    III. The Luminescence System of Sea Pansies

    IV. The Luminescence System of Medusae

    V. Sea Pens

    VI. Zoanthids

    References

    Chapter 6. Coelenterata: Chemical Aspects of Ecology: Pharmacology and Toxicology

    I. Introduction

    II. Calcification in Anthozoa

    III. Gas Secretion

    IV. Pharmacology and Toxicology

    V. Addendum

    References

    Section III: Platyhelminthes, Mesozoa

    Chapter 1. Introduction to Platyhelminthes

    I. Introduction

    II. Class Turbellaria

    III. Parasitic Platyhelminthes

    References

    Chapter 2. Nutrition and Digestion

    I. Nutrition and Digestion in the Turbellaria

    II. Nutrition and Digestion in the Trematoda

    III. Cestoda

    References

    Chapter 3. Intermediary Metabolism of Flatworms

    I. Carbohydrate Metabolism

    II. Nitrogen Metabolism

    III. Lipid Metabolism

    IV. Regulation of Metabolic Rate

    V. General Remarks

    References

    Chapter 4. Platyhelminthes: Respiratory Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Respiration Rates

    III. Effects of Substrates on Respiration

    IV. Respiratory Pigments

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    VI. Addendum

    References

    Chapter 5. Growth, Development and Culture Methods: Parasitic Platyhelminths

    I. Introduction

    II. Embryonic Development

    III. Hatching

    IV. Larval Development

    V. Growth and Development in the Final Host

    VI. Culture Methods

    VII. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 6. Chemical Aspects of the Ecology of Platyhelminthes

    I. Introduction

    II. Some Limiting Chemical Factors of Flatworm Environments

    III. Chemotaxes among Flatworms

    IV. The Nature and Function of Flatworm Secretions

    V. The Immunochemistry of Flatworm Infections

    VI. Other Types of Chemical Interaction Between Parasite and Host

    VII. Chemical Determinants of Host Specificity among Flatworms

    VIII. Conclusion

    References

    Chapter 7. Responses of Trematodes to Pharmacological Agents

    Text

    References

    Chapter 8. The Mesozoa

    I. Introduction

    II. Life Cycles

    III. Physiology and Biochemistry of the Dicyemida

    IV. Current Research: Trends and Problems

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 660
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1968
  • Published: January 1, 1968
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323143752

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin

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