Chemical Zoology V2 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123955357, 9780323143752

Chemical Zoology V2

1st Edition

Porifera, Coelenterata, And Platyhelminthes

Editors: Marcel Florkin
eBook ISBN: 9780323143752
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1968
Page Count: 660
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Chemical Zoology, Volume II: Porifera, Coelenterata, and Platyhelminthes presents chemical information on zoological significance. This book is organized into three sections; each section deals with the biological and biochemical aspects of the specific phylum.
The first section examines three large classes of Porifera, namely, Calcarea, Demospongiae, and Hexactinellida. It describes the skeletal structure, pigments, nutrition, digestion, composition, intermediary metabolism, and hibernation of Porifera. The second section covers the classification, pigments, feeding response, digestion, nutrition, ecology, pharmacology, and intermediary metabolism of Coelenterata. The last section is devoted to the classification, nutrition, digestion, respiratory and intermediary metabolism, growth, development, and culture methods, as well as the chemical aspects of ecology of Platyhelminthes.
This book is an invaluable resource for zoologists and biochemists.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Contents of Other Volumes

Section I: Porifera

Chapter 1. The Sponges, or Porifera

I. Introduction

II. The Calcareous Sponges

III. The Demospongiae

IV. Hexactinellida

V. Reproduction


Chapter 2. Skeletal Structures of Porifera



Chapter 3. Pigments of Porifera

I. Carotenoids

II. Porphyrins

III. Miscellaneous Pigments


Chapter 4. Nutrition and Digestion

I. The Sponges as Filter Feeders

II. The Sponges as Saprotrophs

III. The Sponges as Symbionts

IV. Conclusions


Chapter 5. Composition and Intermediary Metabolism—Porifera

I. Polysaccharides and Sugars

II. Fats, Fatty Acids, and Sterols

III. Proteins and Amino Acids

IV. Nucleic Acids, Nucleosides, and Phosphagens

V. Minerals


Chapter 6. Chemical Aspects of Hibernation

I. Prehibernation

II. The Hibernation Proper

III. Posthibernation or the Germination of Gemmules


Section II: Coelenterata, Ctenophora

Chapter 1. Introduction to Coelenterates

I. Introduction

II. Phylum Cnidaria

III. Phylum Ctenophora or Ctenaria

IV. Structure of Cnidaria

V. Structure of Ctenophora or Ctenaria


Chapter 2. Pigments of Coelenterata

I. Carotenoids

II. Cytochromes

III. Porphyrins

IV. Bile Pigments

V. Melanins

VI. Purines

VII. Miscellaneous Pigments

VIII. Formation

IX. Comment


Chapter 3. Chemical Perspectives on the Feeding Response, Digestion, and Nutrition of Selected Coelenterates

I. Introduction

II. Feeding Response

III. Digestion

IV. Nutrition

V. Permeability

VI. Perspectives

VII. Appendix—Explanation of the Modified Dixon Equation


Chapter 4. Intermediary Metabolism—Coelenterata

I. Polysaccharides and Sugars

II. Fats, Fatty Acids, and Sterols

III. Proteins and Amino Acids

IV. Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, Kinases, and Phosphatases

V. Mineral Metabolism

VI. Conclusions


Chapter 5. The Chemistry of Luminescence in Coelenterates

I. Introduction

II. General Characteristics

III. The Luminescence System of Sea Pansies

IV. The Luminescence System of Medusae

V. Sea Pens

VI. Zoanthids


Chapter 6. Coelenterata: Chemical Aspects of Ecology: Pharmacology and Toxicology

I. Introduction

II. Calcification in Anthozoa

III. Gas Secretion

IV. Pharmacology and Toxicology

V. Addendum


Section III: Platyhelminthes, Mesozoa

Chapter 1. Introduction to Platyhelminthes

I. Introduction

II. Class Turbellaria

III. Parasitic Platyhelminthes


Chapter 2. Nutrition and Digestion

I. Nutrition and Digestion in the Turbellaria

II. Nutrition and Digestion in the Trematoda

III. Cestoda


Chapter 3. Intermediary Metabolism of Flatworms

I. Carbohydrate Metabolism

II. Nitrogen Metabolism

III. Lipid Metabolism

IV. Regulation of Metabolic Rate

V. General Remarks


Chapter 4. Platyhelminthes: Respiratory Metabolism

I. Introduction

II. Respiration Rates

III. Effects of Substrates on Respiration

IV. Respiratory Pigments

V. Summary and Conclusions

VI. Addendum


Chapter 5. Growth, Development and Culture Methods: Parasitic Platyhelminths

I. Introduction

II. Embryonic Development

III. Hatching

IV. Larval Development

V. Growth and Development in the Final Host

VI. Culture Methods

VII. Conclusions


Chapter 6. Chemical Aspects of the Ecology of Platyhelminthes

I. Introduction

II. Some Limiting Chemical Factors of Flatworm Environments

III. Chemotaxes among Flatworms

IV. The Nature and Function of Flatworm Secretions

V. The Immunochemistry of Flatworm Infections

VI. Other Types of Chemical Interaction Between Parasite and Host

VII. Chemical Determinants of Host Specificity among Flatworms

VIII. Conclusion


Chapter 7. Responses of Trematodes to Pharmacological Agents



Chapter 8. The Mesozoa

I. Introduction

II. Life Cycles

III. Physiology and Biochemistry of the Dicyemida

IV. Current Research: Trends and Problems


Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1968
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin

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