Chemical Zoology V2 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123955357, 9780323143752

Chemical Zoology V2

1st Edition

Porifera, Coelenterata, And Platyhelminthes

Editors: Marcel Florkin
eBook ISBN: 9780323143752
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1968
Page Count: 660
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Description

Chemical Zoology, Volume II: Porifera, Coelenterata, and Platyhelminthes presents chemical information on zoological significance. This book is organized into three sections; each section deals with the biological and biochemical aspects of the specific phylum.
The first section examines three large classes of Porifera, namely, Calcarea, Demospongiae, and Hexactinellida. It describes the skeletal structure, pigments, nutrition, digestion, composition, intermediary metabolism, and hibernation of Porifera. The second section covers the classification, pigments, feeding response, digestion, nutrition, ecology, pharmacology, and intermediary metabolism of Coelenterata. The last section is devoted to the classification, nutrition, digestion, respiratory and intermediary metabolism, growth, development, and culture methods, as well as the chemical aspects of ecology of Platyhelminthes.
This book is an invaluable resource for zoologists and biochemists.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Contents of Other Volumes

Section I: Porifera

Chapter 1. The Sponges, or Porifera

I. Introduction

II. The Calcareous Sponges

III. The Demospongiae

IV. Hexactinellida

V. Reproduction

References

Chapter 2. Skeletal Structures of Porifera

Text

References

Chapter 3. Pigments of Porifera

I. Carotenoids

II. Porphyrins

III. Miscellaneous Pigments

References

Chapter 4. Nutrition and Digestion

I. The Sponges as Filter Feeders

II. The Sponges as Saprotrophs

III. The Sponges as Symbionts

IV. Conclusions

References

Chapter 5. Composition and Intermediary Metabolism—Porifera

I. Polysaccharides and Sugars

II. Fats, Fatty Acids, and Sterols

III. Proteins and Amino Acids

IV. Nucleic Acids, Nucleosides, and Phosphagens

V. Minerals

References

Chapter 6. Chemical Aspects of Hibernation

I. Prehibernation

II. The Hibernation Proper

III. Posthibernation or the Germination of Gemmules

References

Section II: Coelenterata, Ctenophora

Chapter 1. Introduction to Coelenterates

I. Introduction

II. Phylum Cnidaria

III. Phylum Ctenophora or Ctenaria

IV. Structure of Cnidaria

V. Structure of Ctenophora or Ctenaria

References

Chapter 2. Pigments of Coelenterata

I. Carotenoids

II. Cytochromes

III. Porphyrins

IV. Bile Pigments

V. Melanins

VI. Purines

VII. Miscellaneous Pigments

VIII. Formation

IX. Comment

References

Chapter 3. Chemical Perspectives on the Feeding Response, Digestion, and Nutrition of Selected Coelenterates

I. Introduction

II. Feeding Response

III. Digestion

IV. Nutrition

V. Permeability

VI. Perspectives

VII. Appendix—Explanation of the Modified Dixon Equation

References

Chapter 4. Intermediary Metabolism—Coelenterata

I. Polysaccharides and Sugars

II. Fats, Fatty Acids, and Sterols

III. Proteins and Amino Acids

IV. Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, Kinases, and Phosphatases

V. Mineral Metabolism

VI. Conclusions

References

Chapter 5. The Chemistry of Luminescence in Coelenterates

I. Introduction

II. General Characteristics

III. The Luminescence System of Sea Pansies

IV. The Luminescence System of Medusae

V. Sea Pens

VI. Zoanthids

References

Chapter 6. Coelenterata: Chemical Aspects of Ecology: Pharmacology and Toxicology

I. Introduction

II. Calcification in Anthozoa

III. Gas Secretion

IV. Pharmacology and Toxicology

V. Addendum

References

Section III: Platyhelminthes, Mesozoa

Chapter 1. Introduction to Platyhelminthes

I. Introduction

II. Class Turbellaria

III. Parasitic Platyhelminthes

References

Chapter 2. Nutrition and Digestion

I. Nutrition and Digestion in the Turbellaria

II. Nutrition and Digestion in the Trematoda

III. Cestoda

References

Chapter 3. Intermediary Metabolism of Flatworms

I. Carbohydrate Metabolism

II. Nitrogen Metabolism

III. Lipid Metabolism

IV. Regulation of Metabolic Rate

V. General Remarks

References

Chapter 4. Platyhelminthes: Respiratory Metabolism

I. Introduction

II. Respiration Rates

III. Effects of Substrates on Respiration

IV. Respiratory Pigments

V. Summary and Conclusions

VI. Addendum

References

Chapter 5. Growth, Development and Culture Methods: Parasitic Platyhelminths

I. Introduction

II. Embryonic Development

III. Hatching

IV. Larval Development

V. Growth and Development in the Final Host

VI. Culture Methods

VII. Conclusions

References

Chapter 6. Chemical Aspects of the Ecology of Platyhelminthes

I. Introduction

II. Some Limiting Chemical Factors of Flatworm Environments

III. Chemotaxes among Flatworms

IV. The Nature and Function of Flatworm Secretions

V. The Immunochemistry of Flatworm Infections

VI. Other Types of Chemical Interaction Between Parasite and Host

VII. Chemical Determinants of Host Specificity among Flatworms

VIII. Conclusion

References

Chapter 7. Responses of Trematodes to Pharmacological Agents

Text

References

Chapter 8. The Mesozoa

I. Introduction

II. Life Cycles

III. Physiology and Biochemistry of the Dicyemida

IV. Current Research: Trends and Problems

References

Author Index

Subject Index




Details

No. of pages:
660
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1968
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323143752

About the Editor

Marcel Florkin