Chemical Manipulation of Crop Growth and Development - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780408107679, 9781483192413

Chemical Manipulation of Crop Growth and Development

1st Edition

Proceedings of Previous Easter Schools in Agricultural Science

Authors: J S McLaren
eBook ISBN: 9781483192413
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 9th June 1982
Page Count: 578
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Chemical Manipulation of Crop Growth and Development presents a critical review of the plant growth regulators in field crops. It discusses the strategies to discover plant growth regulators for agronomic crops; the methods of modifying stomatal movement; and the possible use of chemicals for photorespiration control. Some of the topics covered in the book are the hormonal control of photosynthesis and assimilate distribution; manipulation of crop growth by ethylene and some implications of the mode of generation; genetic and chemical manipulation of crops to confer tolerance to chemicals; and effects of allelochemicals on crop growth and development. The control of development of potato plant by using endogenous and exogenous growth regulators is covered. The analysis of crop physiology to assess plant growth regulation in sugar beet is also discussed. An in-depth analysis of the influence of auxin antagonists on pod and seed number is provided. The effect of foliar applications of synthetic plant growth regulators on the agronomic characteristics of field-growth corn is presented. A chapter is devoted to the use and effect of cerone in developing winter barley.
The book can provide useful information to farmers, botanists, students, and researchers.

Table of Contents

I Introduction

1 Plant Growth Regulators in Field Crops

2 Strategies to Discover Plant Growth Regulators for Agronomic Crops

II Physiological Processes and General Topics

3 Evaluation of the Possibilities for Modifying Stomatal Movement

4 Possible Use of Chemicals for the Control of Photorespiration

5 Hormonal Control of Photosynthesis and Assimilate Distribution

6 Manipulation of Crop Growth by Ethylene and Some Implications of the Mode of Generation

7 Genetic and Chemical Manipulation of Crops to Confer Tolerance to Chemicals

8 The Effects of Allelochemicals on Crop Growth and Development

9 The Potential for the Controlled Delivery of Plant Growth Regulators

III Root Crops

10 The Control of Development of the Potato Plant by Endogenous and Exogenous Growth Regulators

11 An Understanding of Crop Physiology in Assessing a Plant Growth Regulator on Sugar Beet

IV Oilseed Rape

12 The Influence of Plant Growth Regulators on the Growth, Development and Yield of Oilseed Rape {Brassica Napus L.)

V Sugarcane

13 Plant Growth Regulators in the Sugarcane Industry

VI Tobacco

14 Plant Regulators for Tobacco Growth Modification and Improved Safety

VII Soyabeans

15 The Influence of Auxin Antagonists on Pod and Seed Number and Yield of Soyabean (Glycine Max Merrill)

16 The Effect of BTS 44584, a Ternary Sulphonium Growth Retardant, on Net Photosynthesis and Yield in Soyabeans

17 The Potential for Increasing Soyabean Yield with Plant Growth Regulators


18 Corn Yields—Rate-Limiting Factors and Opportunities in Plant Growth Regulation

19 Effect of Foliar Applications of Synthetic Plant Growth Regulators on the Agronomic Characteristics of Field-Grown Corn (Zea Mays L.)

IX Vegetables

20 Plant Growth Regulator Use in Field-Scale Vegetable Crops

21 Modification of Plant Part Relationships in Vegetable Crops

X Cereals

22 Growth Regulation in Cereals—Chance or Design?

23 Some Effects of Low-Concentration Gibberellic Acid and Retardant Application During Early Growth on Morphogenesis in Wheat

24 Modifications of the Development of Spring Barley by Early Applications of CCC and GA3 and the Subsequent Effects on Yield Components and Yield

25 Growth Regulator Effects on Ear and Grain Development in Wheat

26 Effect of Growth Regulator Combinations on Ear Development, Assimilate Translocation and Yield in Cereal Crops

27 Cerone: Its Use and Effect on the Development of Winter Barley

28 New Approaches to Increasing the Yield Capacity of Cereals

29 New Findings on the Biological Activity of Mepiquat Chloride

30 The Plant Breeding Potential of Genetic Variation in Cereal Phytohormone Systems

31 The Use of Nitrification Inhibitors and Slow-Release Nitrogen Fertilizers for Manipulation of the Growth and Yield of Rice

Xi Grasses

32 Amenity Grass Retardation - Some Concepts Challenged

33 The Retardation of Grass Growth by Synthetic Plant Growth Regulators

34 The Chemical Control of Growth, Development and Yield of Lolium Perenne Grown for Seed

35 Hormonal Regulation of Tiller Bud Development and Internode Elongation in Agrostis Stolonifera L.

Appendix: Common and Chemical Names

List of Participants



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About the Author

J S McLaren

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