Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123402707, 9781483288642

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment

1st Edition

Authors: Harold Hemond Elizabeth Fechner
eBook ISBN: 9781483288642
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 22nd February 1994
Page Count: 338
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Description

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment focuses on the basic principles of chemical behavior in the environment.

The publication first offers information on basic concepts and surface waters. Discussions focus on abiotic chemical transformations, chemical and biological characteristics of surface waters, physical transport in surface waters, basic environmental chemistry, mass balance and the control volume, and chemical mass and concentration.

The text then elaborates on the subsurface environment and the atmosphere. Topics include atmospheric chemical reactions, transport of chemicals in the atmosphere, atmospheric stability, physical removal of chemicals from the atmosphere, physics of groundwater movement, and flow in the unsaturated zone. The book takes a look at retardation, biodegradation, and dimensions and units for environmental quantities.

The publication is a dependable reference for students and researchers interested in the fundamental principles of chemical behavior in the environment.

Key Features

Text that has been developed from a course taught at MIT

Broad-based coverage of the environmental sciences

A more rigorous treatment of transport than found in other texts

Exercise sets at the end of each chapter

Examples of current environmental problems fully integrated into the text

Ample references for access to the primary literature

Numerous illustrations throughout

Readership

Advanced undergraduate and graduate students in chemical engineering, chemistry, hydrology, and technical environmental science programs. Also of great use for environmental consultants in the private sector.

Table of Contents

Basic Concepts: Introduction. Chemical Mass and Concentration. Mass Balance and the Control Volume. Physical Transport of Chemicals. Mass Balance in an Infinitely Small Control Volume: The Advection-Dispersion-Reaction Equation. Consistency of Units. Basic Environmental Chemistry. Chemical Distribution Among Phases. Surface Waters: Introduction to Surface Waters. Physical Transport in Surface Waters. Air-Water Exchange. Chemical and Biological Characteristics of Surface Waters. Transformations. Abiotic Chemical Transformations. The Subsurface Environment: Introduction. Physics of Groundwater Movement. Flow in the Unsaturated Zone. The Flow of Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids (NAPL). Retardation. Biodegradation. The Atmosphere: Introduction to the Atmosphere. Atmospheric Stability. Circulation of the Atmosphere. Transport of Chemicals in the Atmosphere. Physical Removal of Chemicals in the Atmosphere. Atmospheric Chemical Reactions. Global Change: The Greenhouse Effect. Chapter References. Subject Index.

Details

No. of pages:
338
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1994
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483288642

About the Author

Harold Hemond

Harry Hemond is William E. Leonhard Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He has authored numerous scientific papers on biogeochemistry and related environmental topics. A registered professional engineer, Professor Hemond has also consulted with governmental agencies and industry. He is a winner of MIT's Irwin Sizer Award for his course "Chemicals in the Environment: Fate and Transport," and also holds a Graduate Student Council teaching award.

Affiliations and Expertise

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA

Elizabeth Fechner

Elizabeth Fechner-Levy is an Associate at Abt Associates Inc., where she does environmental consulting, predominantly for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Affiliations and Expertise

Abt Associates, Inc., Bethesda, MD, USA