Chemical Ecology

Chemical Ecology

1st Edition - January 1, 1970

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  • Editor: Ernest Sondheimer
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323154666

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Chemical Ecology contains a series of lectures presented in the fall of 1968 at State University of New York College of Forestry at Syracuse University. This book is composed of 11 chapters that deal with the salient facts and theories that are encompassed by chemical ecology and the possible application of fundamental research in this area to pressing problems of ecological importance. After briefly describing the distribution pattern of microorganisms in the soil, this book goes on exploring the coordination and regulation of sexual processes between cells and between individuals in lower and higher plants. These topics are followed by discussions on the aspects of the chemical environment; the diverse associations between insects and their host plants; the self-defense mechanisms of plants against insect predation; and the chemical communication systems within animal species. The subsequent chapters examine the chemical defense and ecology in arthropods and fish. The concluding chapters consider the biochemistry of terpenoid and steroid metabolism and the chemical aspects of juvenile and steroidal molting hormone interactions. This book will be of value to chemical ecologists and researchers and biochemists.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    1. The Chemical Ecology of Cells in the Soil

    I. Introduction

    II. Unicellular Microorganisms

    III. Multicellular Microorganisms

    IV. Conclusion


    2. Chemical Ecology among Lower Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Intraspecific Chemical Ecology-Sexuality

    III. Interspecific Chemical Ecology-Trapping Substances

    IV. Conclusion


    3. The Biochemical Ecology of Higher Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Allelopathy-Two Cases

    III. Routes of Release from Plants

    IV. Effects on Plant Communities

    V. Secondary Plant Substances

    VI. Evolution of Wastes and Repellents

    VII. Conclusion

    VIII. Summary


    4. Plants and the Chemical Environment

    I. Introduction

    II. Plant-Plant Interactions

    III. The Aerial Environment

    IV. Plant-Animal Interactions: Galls


    5. Chemical Interactions between Plants and Insects

    I. Introduction

    II. Selective Pressures

    III. Plants as Food

    IV. The Chemoreceptive Systems of Insects

    V. The Raison d'Etre of Feeding Diversity

    VI. Conclusion


    6. Hormonal Interactions between Plants and Insects

    I. Introduction

    II. Genes and Metamorphosis

    III. Endocrine Control of Metamorphosis: Ecdysone

    IV. Growth without Metamorphosis

    V. Juvenile Hormone and the Status Quo

    VI. Juvenile Hormone and Embryonic Development

    VII. Venereal Dissemination of Juvenile Hormone

    VIII. Conclusion


    7. Chemical Communication within Animal Species

    I. Classification of Chemical Communication Systems

    II. The Chemical Channel

    III. The Increase in Information and Its Upper Boundary


    8. Chemical Defense against Predation in Arthropods

    I. Introduction

    II. Types of Chemical Defenses

    III. Chemistry and Effectiveness of Defensive Substances


    9. Chemical Ecology of Fish

    I. Introduction

    II. The Chemistry of the Swimbladder

    III. Sex Hormones

    IV. Ecology of Olfaction

    V. Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide

    VI. Temperature

    VII. Effect of Changing the Chemical Environment Synthetically

    VIII. Analysis of Ecosystems


    10. The Chemistry of Nonhormonal Interactions Terpenoid Compounds in Ecology

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemical Ecology of Terpenoids and Steroids

    III. Conclusion


    11. Chemical Aspects of Hormonal Interactions

    I. Introduction

    II. Juvenile Hormones

    III. Steroidal Molting Hormones


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 352
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1970
  • Published: January 1, 1970
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323154666

About the Editor

Ernest Sondheimer

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