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Chemical Defenses of Arthropods charts the significant progress in the study of chemical defenses in arthropods, a rapidly expanding area of chemical ecology. The book groups the defensive compounds secreted by arthropods based on their main functionalities and sequentially lists them according to their carbon numbers.
Organized into 19 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the defensive exudates of arthropods and how arthropods have exploited these compounds to deter the ubiquitous and omnipresent predators around them. The next chapters introduce the reader to the defensive compounds produced in the exocrine glands of arthropods, ranging from alcohols and ketones to hydrocarbons, carboxylic acids, esters, 1,4-quinones and hydroquinones, lactones, phenols, steroids, and proteinaceous venoms. The book also discusses the taxonomic value of arthropod defensive compounds, with emphasis on factors affecting the composition of defensive secretions and taxonomic correlations that utilize them. Later chapters focus on arthropod biosynthesis of exocrine compounds, how insects tolerate the presence of plant toxins in their diets, and identified defensive compounds in arthropods. The book concludes with an analysis of the properties and characteristic distributions of arthropod natural products, along with their adaptiveness as defensive agents.
This book is a valuable resource for biologists and chemists.
1 The Many Faces of Defensive Secretions
I. Varied Sources of Defensive Exudates
II. Conservation of Secretion
III. Regeneration of Secretory Constituents
IV. Two-Phase Secretions
V. Minor Secretory Components
VI. Autodetoxication of Defensive Compounds
Part I The Chemistry of Defensive Secretions
6 Carboxylic Acids
7 1,4-Quinones and Hydroquinones
12 Miscellaneous Compounds
13 Nonexocrine Defensive Compounds of Arthropod Origin
14 Proteinaceous Venoms
I. Scorpion Venoms
II. Spider Venoms
III. Centipede Venoms
IV. Insect Venoms
V. An Overview
Part II Chemical Defenses of Arthropods in Perspective
15 Defensive Compounds and Arthropod Taxonomy
I. Factors Affecting Composition of Defensive Secretions
II. Taxonomic Correlations Utilizing Defensive Compounds
III. The Expanding Utilization of Defensive Compounds as Diagnostic Indicators
16 Biosynthesis of Defensive Compounds
II. Suggestive Biosynthetic Interrelationships
17 Insects and Toxic Plants
I. Detoxication or Selective Elimination of Toxic Natural Products
II. Sequestration of Plant Natural Products in Nonsecretory Structures
III. Sequestration of Plant Natural Products in Secretory Structures
IV. Relationship of Insects to Toxic Plants—An Overview
18 Recently Identified Defensive Compounds
X. Miscellaneous Compounds in Arthropod Secretions
XII. Nonproteinaceous Constituents in Arthropod Venoms
XIII. Nonexocrine Defensive Compounds of Arthropod Origin
19 Arthropod Defensive Compounds
I. An Overview
II. Defensive Allomones as Pheromones or Cryptic "Pheromones"
III. Modes of Action of Defensive Allomones
IV. Selected Arthropods as Natural Products Chemists Par Excellence
V. The Largely Unexplored Defensive Allomone Chemistry of the Arthropoda
Empirical Formula Index
Animal and Plant Index
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 1981
- 28th January 1981
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
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