One of the key challenges current biomaterials researchers face is identifying which of the dizzying number of highly specialized characterization tools can be gainfully applied to different materials and biomedical devices. Since this diverse marketplace of tools and techniques can be used for numerous applications, choosing the proper characterization tool is highly important, saving both time and resources.

Characterization of Biomaterials is a detailed and multidisciplinary discussion of the physical, chemical, mechanical, surface, in vitro and in vivo characterization tools and techniques of increasing importance to fundamental biomaterials research.

Characterization of Biomaterials will serve as a comprehensive resource for biomaterials researchers requiring detailed information on physical, chemical, mechanical, surface, and in vitro or in vivo characterization. The book is designed for materials scientists, bioengineers, biologists, clinicians and biomedical device researchers seeking input on planning on how to test their novel materials, structures or biomedical devices to a specific application. Chapters are developed considering the need for industrial researchers as well as academics.

Key Features

  • Biomaterials researchers come from a wide variety of disciplines: this book will help them to analyze their materials and devices taking advantage of the multiple experiences on offer.
  • Coverage encompasses a cross-section of the physical sciences, biological sciences, engineering and applied sciences characterization community, providing gainful and cross-cutting insight into this highly multi-disciplinary field.
  • Detailed coverage of important test protocols presents specific examples and standards for applied characterization


Graduate level biomaterials scientists, tissue engineers, stem cell and regenerative medicine researchers, and biomedical researchers

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Chapter 1. Introduction to Biomaterials

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Types of Materials

1.3 Biomaterials and Biocompatibility

1.4 Types of Biomaterials

1.5 Properties of Biomaterials

1.6 Biomaterials Characterization and Outline of this Book

1.7 Summary

Suggested Further Reading

Chapter 2. Physical and Chemical Characterization of Biomaterials

2.1 Microstructural Characterization

2.2 Scanning Probe Microscopy

2.3 X-ray Diffraction and Scattering Methods

2.4 FT-IR Spectroscopy

2.5 DLS Techniques

2.6 Contact Angle Measurements

2.7 Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry

2.8 Gas Adsorption Measurements

2.9 Summary


Chapter 3. Mechanical Characterization of Biomaterials

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Fundamental Concepts

3.3 Specimens

3.4 Application and Measurement of Load and Deformation

3.5 Environment

3.6 Data Acquisition and Analysis



Chapter 4. Surface Characterization of Biomaterials

4.1 X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy

4.2 Auger Electron Spectroscopy

4.3 Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS)

4.4 Surface Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry

4.5 Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy

4.6 Raman Spectroscopy

4.7 Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy

4.8 Ultraviolet–Visible Spectroscopy

4.9 Light Microscopy and Confocal Microscopy

4.10 Scanning Electron Microscopy

4.11 Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy

4.12 Profilometry

4.13 Contact Angle Measurement

4.14 Ellipsometry

4.15 Conclusions


Chapter 5.1. In Vitro Characterization of Cell–Biomaterials Interactions

5.1.1 Introduct


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© 2013
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About the authors

Amit Bandyopadhyay

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University (Pullman, WA), USA

Susmita Bose

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, (Pullman, WA), USA