Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444638984, 9780444638991

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics, Volume 75

1st Edition

Series Volume Editors: Teresa Rocha-Santos Armando Duarte
eBook ISBN: 9780444638991
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444638984
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 23rd March 2017
Page Count: 302
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Microplastics – Occurrence, Fate and Behaviour in the Environment

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Fate of Microplastics in the Environment
  • 3. Behaviour and Effects of Microplastics
  • 4. Methodologies Used for the Identification and Characterization of Microplastics
  • 5. Key Challenges and Road Map for Further Research

Chapter 2. Microplastics Sampling and Sample Handling

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Sampling
  • 3. Samples Handling
  • 4. Water Sampling Using Plankton Tow Nets
  • 5. Ice and Snow
  • 6. Food Resources
  • 7. Microbiota of the ‘Plastisphere’
  • 8. Sampling Microplastics From Beaches
  • 9. Sediment Traps for Microplastic Sampling From the Water Column
  • 10. Deep-Sea Sediments
  • 11. Conclusion

Chapter 3. Morphological and Physical Characterization of Microplastics

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Size and Shape
  • 3. Colour
  • 4. Density
  • 5. Concluding Remarks

Chapter 4. Characterization and Quantification of Microplastics by Infrared Spectroscopy

  • 1. Introduction to Infrared Spectroscopy of Microplastics
  • 2. Mid-Infrared
  • 3. Near-Infrared
  • 4. Applications of FT-MIR Spectroscopy

Chapter 5. Characterization of Microplastics by Raman Spectroscopy

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Raman Spectroscopy Basics
  • 3. Advantages and Limitations of Raman Spectroscopy
  • 4. State-of-the-Art
  • 5. Final Remarks and Future Outlook

Chapter 6. Application of Scanning Electron Microscopy–Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS)

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Sample Preparation
  • 3. Equipment Operation
  • 4. Microplastics Characterization
  • 5. Final Considerations

Chapter 7. Application of Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (Py-GC/MS)

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry to the Analysis of Microplastics
  • 3. Conclusion

Chapter 8. Advanced Analytical Techniques for Assessing the Chemical Compounds Related to Microplastics

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Plastic Additives
  • 3. Environmental Organic Contaminants Sorbed to Microplastics
  • 4. Extraction of Organic Compounds From Microplastics
  • 5. CleanUp – Purification and Separation of the Compounds
  • 6. Identification and Quantitation Techniques
  • 7. Conclusion

Chapter 9. The Role of Laboratory Experiments in the Validation of Field Data

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Microplastics Used in Laboratory Experiments
  • 3. Typical Experimental Designs for Testing Effects of Microplastics
  • 4. Toxicological Impacts of Microplastic Exposures
  • 5. Conclusion and Future Research Needs

Description

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics, Volume 75 presents the latest information on new and published analytical methodologies for the identification and quantification of microplastics. This series focuses on a variety of interesting topics surrounding the field of microplastics, with this new release in the series covering sampling and sample handing, the characterization of microplastics by raman spectroscopy, and techniques for assessing the chemical compounds related to microplastics. Users will find a variety of useful information that includes morphological, physical and chemical characterizations, along with analytical techniques and future perspectives of analytical methodologies in this rapidly advancing field.

Key Features

  • Concise, comprehensive coverage of analytical techniques and applications
  • Clear diagrams adequately support important topics
  • Includes real examples that illustrate applications of the analytical techniques on the sampling, characterization, and analysis of microplastics

Readership

Academics, researchers at undergraduate level and above. Marine scientists, environmental scientists, analytical chemists, organic chemists, biochemists, biologists, polymer scientists, toxicologists


Details

No. of pages:
302
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2017
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444638991
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444638984

About the Series Volume Editors

Teresa Rocha-Santos Series Volume Editor

Dr. Teresa Rocha-Santos graduated in Analytical Chemistry (1996) and obtained a PhD in Chemistry (2000), both at the University of Aveiro, Portugal. In 2001 she was awarded with a prize for her PhD studies in the area of urban environment. Currently, she is a Principal Researcher at Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM) at University of Aveiro. Her research concentrates on the development of new analytical methodologies fit for purpose. She published more than 110 peer-reviewed publications based on her research. Her work has been published, among others, in Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Science of the Total Environment, Journal of Hazardous Materials, and Talanta.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Aveiro, Portugal

Armando Duarte Series Volume Editor

Prof. Armando C. Duarte (http://www.cesam.ua.pt/aduarte) graduated in Chemical Engineering (1977) at the University of Oporto (Portugal) and obtained a PhD in Public Health Engineering (1981) at the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne (United Kingdom). In 2006, The Portuguese Science Foundation (www.fct.pt) awarded him a prize for Scientific Excellence and in 2013 he became a Member of the FCT Scientific Council for Natural and Environmental Sciences. He is a Professor of Environmental & Analytical Chemistry at the University of Aveiro (Portugal) since 1995, leader of a research group on the same subject, lecturer on Anaytical Quality Control subjects, and either supervising or co-supervising many PhD students, some of whom became members of staff, both as lecturers and researchers. His highly-interdisciplinary research spans areas of comprehensive environmental and analytical chemistry, qualimetrics and analytical quality assurance, but also includes the assessment of the relevance of new concepts and integration of different ideas into widely accepted frameworks, especially when applied to sustainability. He co-authored more than 450 peer-reviewed publications leading to an h-factor of 38.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Aveiro, Portugal