Changing Concepts of the Nervous System  - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125077507, 9780323142243

Changing Concepts of the Nervous System

1st Edition

Proceedings of the First Institute of Neurological Sciences Symposium in Neurobiology

Editors: Adrian Morrison
eBook ISBN: 9780323142243
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1982
Page Count: 846
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Description

Changing Concepts of the Nervous System, presents the proceedings of the First Institute of Neurological Sciences Symposium in Neurobiology, held at the University of Pennsylvania in October 1980.

The book is divided into four parts consisting of mini symposia on different aspects of the neurosciences. The first mini symposia discuss the anatomical, physiological, developmental, and behavioral plasticity of the nervous system. The second mini symposia cover the changing concepts of the central visual system. The idea of the biological basis of the concept of motivation and its behavioral manifestations from both theoretical and experimental aspects is examined in the third mini symposia. The final mini symposia tackle the four aspects of studies on memory: amnesia (consolidation and retrieval), the role of catecholamines, the role of proteins, and the role of peptides.

Anatomists, neurobiologists, neuroscientists, and students and researchers in the field of neuroscience will find the book invaluable.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Foreword

Preface

Introduction

Background to Discoveries: Early Years in The Institute of Neurological Sciences

The Selfish Nervous System

William W. Chambers and C. N. Liu Symposium on Plasticity in the Mammalian Nervous System

Introductory Remarks

Anatomical Plasticity

Rapid Structural Modification in Rat Hippocampus: Evidence for Its Occurrence and a Hypothesis Concerning How It Is Produced

Events within the Sprouting Neuron and the Denervated Neuropil During Lesion-Induced Synaptogenesis

Plasticity of the Rat Cortical Barrel System

Physiological Plasticity

Plasticity of the Group la Fiber Pathway to Motoneurons

Motor Preparation: Influence on Peripheral Afferent Input to Motor Cortex and Cerebellum

The Modulation of Pain: Anatomical and Physiological Considerations

Developmental Plasticity

Sparing of Function in Developing Spinal Cord

Alterations in Neuronal Development as a Result of Afferent and Target Neuron Manipulation

Switches in Intermediate Filament Subunit Types during Neurogenesis

Behavioral Plasticity

Plasticity of Somatic Sensations and Motor Capacities Following Lesions of the Dorsal Spinal Columns in Monkeys

Instrumented Conditioning and Plasticity of Motor Function

Variations in Brain Activity as a Function of Behavioral State

Concluding Remarks

James M. Sprague Symposium: Changing Concepts of Central Visual System Organization

Introductory Remarks

Anatomy

Changing Views of the Organization and Evolution of the Visual Pathways

Visual Cortex: Multiple Areas and Multiple Functions

The Functional Organization of the Lateral Posterior-Pulvinar Complex in the Cat

Identified Neurons in the Cat Retina

Behavior and Physiology

The Geniculocortical System and Visual Perception

Interaction of Visual Cortical Areas and Superior Colliculus in Visual Interhemispheric Transfer in the Cat

Parallel Pathways in the Cat’s Geniculocortical System: W-,Χ-, and Y-cells

Transplantation of Embryonic Neural Tissue to the Tectal Region of Newborn Rats

Geniculate and Extrageniculate Visual Systems in the Tree Shrew

Inferotemporal Cortex in Awake Monkeys

Receptive Field Organization in Cat Area 17

Concluding Remarks

Eliot Stellar Symposium on Neuropsychology of Motivation

Introductory Remarks

Theoretical Discussions

The Contribution of Insects to the Study of Motivation

Eliot Stellar and the Physiological Psychology of Satiety

Disconnection and Antagonistic Interaction of Movement Subsystems in Motivated Behavior

Affect and Acquired Motives

Research Reports

Analogy and Homology in the Development of Ingestive Behavior

Thermoregulatory Deficits after Preoptic Area Damage

The Nonhomeostatic Motivation to Run in the Golden Hamster

The Hypothalamus in Emotional Behavior and Associated Cardiovascular Correlates

Facilitation and Inhibition in the Cumulative Food Intake Curve in Man

Induction and Remission of Obesity in Monkeys: Behavioral and Physiological Correlates

Concluding Remarks

Louis B. Flexner Symposium on Memory

Introductory Remarks

Theories and Models of Memory

Behavioral Constraints on Biochemical and Physiological Models of Memory

Beyond the Reflex Arc: A Neuronal Model of Operant Conditioning

Role of Catecholamines

Catecholamine Involvement in Memory Retrieval Processes

Role of Proteins

The Role of Specific Brain Proteins in Long-Term Memory Formation

Learning, Memory Formation, and Protein Synthesis

Amnesic Effects of Protein Synthesis Inhibitors

Role of Peptides

Influences of Neurohypophyseal Hormones and Related Peptides on Adaptive Phenomena in the Central Nervous System

CNS Actions of Peripherally Administered Peptides: Some Unresolved Issues

Peptide Hormone Effects on Learning and Memory in Social Situations

Mnemonic Significance of Neurohypophyseal Peptides

Concluding Remarks

Index

Participants

Details

No. of pages:
846
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323142243

About the Editor

Adrian Morrison