Ceramics and Ceramic Composites: Materialographic Preparation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444100306, 9780080528816

Ceramics and Ceramic Composites: Materialographic Preparation

1st Edition

Authors: G. Elssner H. Hoven G. Kiessler P. Wellner
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444100306
eBook ISBN: 9780080528816
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 14th December 1999
Page Count: 186
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Description

Abbreviations. Introduction. Fundamentals of Preparing Polished Sections. Selection and sampling. Sectioning. Mounting and impregnation. Hot (compression) mounting. Cold mounting. Recovery of embedded samples. Impregnation. Grinding, lapping, and polishing. Preparation equipment. Grinding. Materialographic lapping. Polishing. Revealing the Microstructure. Microstructural imaging in the Optical Microscope (OM). Imaging methods of optical microscopy. Electronic image processing and contrast enhancement. Tips on contrast enhancement and etching. Relief polishing. Contrast enhancement with interference layers. Chemical dip etching. Thermal etching. Plasma etching. Ion etching. Electrolytic etching. Microstructural imaging in the scanning electron microscope. Ultrasonic scanning microscopy. Material-Specific Preparation of Polished Sections. Properties of ceramic materials. Pores in ceramic materials. Examples of preparing ceramic materials. &agr;-Al2-O3 (corundum) in single-crystal form. Aluminum oxide ceramic: 99.5% &agr;-Al2O3. Aluminum oxide ceramic: 99.7% &agr;-Al2O3. Aluminum oxide ceramic: &agr;-Al2O3 with SiO2 and MgO additives. Aluminum oxide ceramic: &agr;-Al2O3 with glass phase. Aluminum nitride AIN, sintered. Boron carbide B4C, high-density. Boron nitride BN, sintered. Calcium carbonate CaCO3, white marble. Cerium oxide CeO2. Chromite. Refractory ceramics. Glass. Graphite. Coal. Lanthanum strontium manganese oxide. Silicon carbide SiC, pressureless-sintered. Silicon carbide varistor ceramic. Silicon nitride Si3N4, hot-pressed. Si-SiC-C ceramic. Zinc oxide ZnO. Zirconium oxide ZrO2. Zirconium oxide with aluminum oxide inclusions. Zirconium oxide, partially stabilized with MgO and SiO2. Preparation of ceramic composites. Examples of preparing ceramic composites. Active-brazed joint between graphite and a TZM molybdenum alloy. Aluminum alloy reinforced with boron fibers. Flame-sprayed aluminum oxide coating on steel. Glass fiber reinforced plastic. Solder glass/stainless steel joint. Ceramic/cermet composite. Carbon fiber reinforced carbons. Carbon fiber reinforced plastic. Spherical nuclear fuel. Copper coating on an aluminum nitride ceramic. Plasma-sprayed aluminum oxide coating on steel. Plasma-sprayed chromium oxide coating with Ni-20%Cr interlayer on steel. Plasma-sprayed zirconium oxide coating on a nickel super alloy. SiC/C fibers in an aluminum alloy. Titanium carbide coating on graphite. Titanium nitride coating on an inconel alloy. WC-Co carbide metal. Preparing Polished Sections for Examination. Polished sections. Oblique sections. Controlled removal. Thin sections. Preparation of thin sections. Microscopic examination of thin sections. Analysis of Hardness Testing Indentations. Hardness testing of ceramic materials. Determining fracture toughness by indentation hardness Testing. Application of hardness testing to composite layers and surface layers. Indentations in the layer surface. Measuring the layer hardness in the section. Literature. Appendix.

Readership

For materials scientists, metallographers and technicians engaged in characterization of ceramics and ceramic composites.

Table of Contents

Abbreviations. Introduction. Fundamentals of Preparing Polished Sections. Selection and sampling. Sectioning. Mounting and impregnation. Hot (compression) mounting. Cold mounting. Recovery of embedded samples. Impregnation. Grinding, lapping, and polishing. Preparation equipment. Grinding. Materialographic lapping. Polishing. Revealing the Microstructure. Microstructural imaging in the Optical Microscope (OM). Imaging methods of optical microscopy. Electronic image processing and contrast enhancement. Tips on contrast enhancement and etching. Relief polishing. Contrast enhancement with interference layers. Chemical dip etching. Thermal etching. Plasma etching. Ion etching. Electrolytic etching. Microstructural imaging in the scanning electron microscope. Ultrasonic scanning microscopy. Material-Specific Preparation of Polished Sections. Properties of ceramic materials. Pores in ceramic materials. Examples of preparing ceramic materials. &agr;-Al2-O3 (corundum) in single-crystal form. Aluminum oxide ceramic: 99.5% &agr;-Al2O3. Aluminum oxide ceramic: 99.7% &agr;-Al2O3. Aluminum oxide ceramic: &agr;-Al2O3 with SiO2 and MgO additives. Aluminum oxide ceramic: &agr;-Al2O3 with glass phase. Aluminum nitride AIN, sintered. Boron carbide B4C, high-density. Boron nitride BN, sintered. Calcium carbonate CaCO3, white marble. Cerium oxide CeO2. Chromite. Refractory ceramics. Glass. Graphite. Coal. Lanthanum strontium manganese oxide. Silicon carbide SiC, pressureless-sintered. Silicon carbide varistor ceramic. Silicon nitride Si3N4, hot-pressed. Si-SiC-C ceramic. Zinc oxide ZnO. Zirconium oxide ZrO2. Zirconium oxide with aluminum oxide inclusions. Zirconium oxide, partially stabilized with MgO and SiO2. Preparation of ceramic composites. Examples of preparing ceramic composites. Active-brazed joint between graphite and a TZM molybdenum alloy. Aluminum alloy reinforced with boron fibers. Flame-sprayed aluminum oxide coating on steel. Glass fiber reinforced plastic. Solder glass/stainless steel joint. Ceramic/cermet composite. Carbon fiber reinforced carbons. Carbon fiber reinforced plastic. Spherical nuclear fuel. Copper coating on an aluminum nitride ceramic. Plasma-sprayed aluminum oxide coating on steel. Plasma-sprayed chromium oxide coating with Ni-20%Cr interlayer on steel. Plasma-sprayed zirconium oxide coating on a nickel super alloy. SiC/C fibers in an aluminum alloy. Titanium carbide coating on graphite. Titanium nitride coating on an inconel alloy. WC-Co carbide metal. Preparing Polished Sections for Examination. Polished sections. Oblique sections. Controlled removal. Thin sections. Preparation of thin sections. Microscopic examination of thin sections. Analysis of Hardness Testing Indentations. Hardness testing of ceramic materials. Determining fracture toughness by indentation hardness Testing. Application of hardness testing to composite layers and surface layers. Indentations in the layer surface. Measuring the layer hardness in the section. Literature. Appendix.

Details

No. of pages:
186
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 1999
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080528816
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444100306

About the Author

G. Elssner

Affiliations and Expertise

Max-Planck-Institut für Metallforschung, Stuttgart, Germany

H. Hoven

Affiliations and Expertise

Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Jülich, Germany

G. Kiessler

Affiliations and Expertise

Max-Planck-Institut für Metallforschung, Stuttgart, Germany

P. Wellner

Affiliations and Expertise

Sulzer Metco in Hatteresheim, Germany