Cemented Carbides

Cemented Carbides

1st Edition - January 4, 2022

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  • Authors: Igor Konyashin, Bernd Ries
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128228210
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128228203

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Cemented Carbides describes all aspects related to the fabrication and examination of cemented carbides, starting from the production of raw materials and ending with final operations of surface finishing and coating. Basic phase diagrams of WC-based cemented carbides are presented and analyzed. Technological processes and equipment employed on different stages of the cemented carbide manufacture, including milling, granulation, pressing, sintering, surface finishing and deposing wear-resistant coatings are described, as well as modern techniques and instruments employed for controlling the microstructure and properties of cemented carbide.

Key Features

  • Describes all aspects related to the fabrication and examination of cemented carbides, starting from the production of raw materials and ending with final operations of surface finishing and coating
  • Fills a gap in our current offerings surrounding the topic
  • Written by one of the top experts in the field, a former Russian scientist, allowing readers to tap into that country’s wealth of knowledge on this topic


Materials Scientists, Engineers and researchers in material engineering and metallurgical engineering related to cemented carbides and hard materials, Chemical Engineers

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. The history of the invention and early development of cemented carbides
  • Chapter 2. Classification and general characteristics of cemented carbides
  • Chapter 3. Materials science of cemented carbides
  • 3.1. General overview of the W–C–Co and related phase diagrams
  • 3.2. Some important sections of the W–C–Co phase diagram
  • 3.3. General overview of the W–C–Ni phase diagram
  • 3.4. General overview of the W–C–Fe–Ni phase diagram
  • 3.5. General overview of the W–C–Ti–Ta(Nb)–Co phase diagrams
  • Chapter 4. Refractory carbides employed in the fabrication of cemented carbides
  • 4.1. Tungsten carbides
  • 4.2. Carbides of the Ti–Ta–Nb–W–C system
  • Chapter 5. Structure and properties of binder phases in cemented carbides
  • 5.1. Co-based binders
  • 5.2. Ni-based binders
  • 5.3. Fe-based binders
  • 5.4. Alternative binders
  • Chapter 6. Materials engineering of cemented carbides
  • 6.1. Technological processes for fabrication of tungsten metal and tungsten carbide powders
  • 6.2. Technological processes for fabrication of (W,Ti,Ta(Nb))C powders and powders of grain growth inhibitors
  • 6.3. Technological processes for fabrication of cobalt powders
  • 6.4. Technological processes for fabrication of cemented carbide graded powders
  • 6.5. Granulation of graded powders
  • 6.6. Technological processes for fabrication of cemented carbide green bodies
  • 6.7. Technological processes for sintering cemented carbide articles
  • Chapter 7. Major methods for controlling cemented carbides in the manufacture
  • 7.1. Examination of cemented carbide microstructures
  • 7.2. Examination of magnetic properties
  • 7.3. Examination of mechanical properties in the carbide manufacture
  • 7.4. Examination of wear resistance of cemented carbides
  • 7.5. Examination of high-temperature properties of cemented carbides
  • Chapter 8. Final processing of carbides articles and deposition of wear-resistant coatings
  • 8.1. Grinding
  • 8.2. Brazing and assembling
  • 8.3. Coatings obtained by chemical vapor deposition (CVD)
  • 8.4. Coatings obtained by physical vapor deposition (PVD)
  • Chapter 9. The influence of compositions and microstructural parameters on properties and applications of WC–Co cemented carbides
  • 9.1. Cobalt content and mean WC grain size
  • 9.2. Uniformity of microstructure
  • 9.3. Carbon content
  • 9.4. Composition and state of the binder phase
  • 9.5. Origin of tungsten carbide powders
  • 9.6. Inhibitors of WC grain growth
  • 9.7. Shape and contiguity of WC grains
  • 9.8. Impurities and contaminations
  • Chapter 10. Conventional industrial grades of cemented carbides
  • Chapter 11. Current range of advanced uncommon industrial grades of cemented carbides
  • 11.1. Functionally graded cemented carbides
  • 11.2. Nanostructured cemented carbides
  • 11.3. Industrial cemented carbides with nanograin reinforced binder
  • 11.4. Cemented carbides with alloyed binder phases
  • 11.5. Cemented carbide substrates in combination with layers of polycrystalline diamond
  • 11.6. Cemented carbides with Co-enriched surface layers
  • Chapter 12. Applications of cemented carbides and mechanisms of their wear and degradation
  • 12.1. Metal cutting
  • 12.2. Mining and oil-and-gas drilling
  • 12.3. Construction
  • 12.4. Wear parts
  • 12.5. Metal forming
  • 12.6. Rolling and drawing of wires and bars
  • 12.7. High-pressure high-temperature components
  • Chapter 13. Recycling cemented carbides
  • 13.1. Full chemical recycling
  • 13.2. Leaching carbide binders
  • 13.3. Zinc reclaim process
  • 13.4. Cold stream process
  • Chapter 14. Modeling cemented carbides
  • 14.1. Modeling the structure of cemented carbides on the micro-, nano- and atomic level by ab initio calculations
  • 14.2. Modeling mechanical properties of and degradation processes in cemented carbides
  • 14.3. Modeling the stress distribution in cemented carbide articles
  • Chapter 15. Major trends in the research and development of cemented carbides
  • 15.1. Grain boundary design
  • 15.2. In situ examinations of deformation and thermal processes in cemented carbides in transmission electron microscopes
  • 15.3. Micromechanical testing of cemented carbides
  • 15.4. Additive manufacturing of cemented carbide articles
  • 15.5. Diamond-enhanced cemented carbides
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 392
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: January 4, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128228210
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128228203

About the Authors

Igor Konyashin

Dr.Igor Konyashin. Graduated from the National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow, Russia, in 1982, obtained PhD from this University in 1985 and worked as Senior Research Scientist, a Group Leader, at the Hard and Refractory Metals Research Institute, Moscow, from 1985 till 1995. Moved to Germany in 1995 and after working at the Max Planck Institute for Metal Research, Stuttgart, for 4 years (1985 – 1999) was employed at Element Six GmbH in 1999. Since 2004 is Visiting Professor at the National University of Science and Technology, Moscow Russia.

Affiliations and Expertise

Visiting Professor, National University of Science and Technology, Moscow, Russia

Bernd Ries

Mr. Bernd Ries. Graduated from Darmstadt University of Technology in 1986 (Chemical Technology). Working for Element Six GmbH in several positions, particularly, laboratory manager, quality manager, production manager and at present as Technical manager since 1987. Since 1996 he is responsible for the whole cemented carbide product and process development at the Element Six Group.

Affiliations and Expertise

Element Six GmbH, Burghaun, Germany

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