Cells and Their Component Parts - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121233020, 9781483216553

Cells and Their Component Parts

1st Edition

Biochemistry, Physiology, Morphology

Editors: Jean Brachet Alfred E. Mirsky
eBook ISBN: 9781483216553
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1961
Page Count: 930
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Description

Cells and Their Component Parts, Volume II covers the cell constituents: the cell membrane, plant cell walls, ameboid movement, cilia and flagella, mitochondria, lysosomes and related particles, chloroplasts, Golgi apparatus, the ground substance, and the interphase nucleus and its interaction with the cytoplasm.
The book discusses their biochemical activities and their interactions with other cell organelles. Biologists, botanists, pathologists, and people involved in biological laboratories and cancer research will find the book useful.

Table of Contents


Contents

List of Contributors

Preface

Contents, Volume I

Contents, Volumes III, IV, and V

1. The Cell Membrane and Its Properties

I. Difficulties Inherent in the Treatment of the Subject

II. The Red Cell Membrane

III. Permeability Observations

IV. Theories Regarding Membrane Structure

V. Conclusion

References

2. Plant Cell Walls

I. The Chemical Nature and Submicroscopic Structure of the Constituents of the Cell Wall

II. Microscopic Structure of Cell Walls

III. Indirect Methods of Investigation

IV. The Cell Wall in the Electron Microscope

V. The Mechanism of Orientation and Growth

VI. The Structure of Cell Connections

VII. Membrane Structure in Various Cell Types

VIII. Summary

References

3. Ameboid Movement

I. Introduction

II. Observational Basis for Theories of Ameboid Movement

III. Theories of Ameboid Movement

References

4. Cilia and Flagella

I. Introduction 218

II. Structural Organization of the Ciliary Apparatus

III. Modified Cilia and Flagella

IV. Functional Aspects of the Ciliary Apparatus

References

5. Mitochondria (Chondriosomes)

I. Historical Survey

II. Mitochondria in Living Cells: Their Plasticity and Polymorphism

III. Identification of Mitochondria in Microscopic Preparations

IV. Morphological Form: Diversity and Uniformity

V. Biochemical Features: Complexity and Integration

VI. Mitochondrial Changes

VII. General Considerations

References

6. Lysosomes and Related Particles

I. Introduction

II. Lysosomes: A Biochemical Concept

III. The Cytological Identification of Lysosomes

IV. Pinocytosis, Phagocytosis, and Lysosomes

V. Lysosomes, the Storage of Insoluble Materials, and Aging

VI. Lysosomes and Cell Death

VII. Unsettled Problems; Future Perspectives

References

7. The Chloroplasts: Inheritance, Structure, and Function

I. Introduction

II. Classification and General Morphology of Plastids

III. Structure of Photosynthetically Active Chromoplasts

IV. Differentiated Regions of Some Algal Plastids

V. Origin and Development of Chloroplasts

VI. External and Internal Factors that Influence Chloroplast Development

VII. Chemistry of the Developing and Mature Chloroplast of Higher Plants

References

8. Golgi Apparatus and Secretion Granules

I. Discovery and Early Background

II. The Vacuome

III. The Golgi Controversy

IV. Electron Microscopy

References

9. The Ground Substance; Observations from Electron Microscopy

I. Current General Concepts

II. The Endoplasmic Reticulum

III. Concluding Comments

References

10. The Interphase Nucleus

Introductory

I. The Nuclear Membrane

II. Distribution of Chromatin

III. Chemical Composition

IV. Metabolism

Conclusion

References

11. Nucleocytoplasmic Interactions in Unicellular Organisms

I. Introductory Remarks

II. Results of Merotomy Experiments

III. Hypotheses on the Biochemical Role of the Nucleus

IV. The Nucleus and Cellular Oxidations

V. Qualitative Changes in the Metabolism of Nonnucleated Amoeba Fragments

VI. Phosphate and Coenzyme Metabolism

VII. The Role of the Nucleus in RNA and Protein Metabolisms

VIII. RNA and Protein Metabolism in the Nucleus of the Intact Cell

IX. Discussion

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
930
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1961
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483216553

About the Editor

Jean Brachet

Alfred E. Mirsky