Cells and Their Component Parts

Cells and Their Component Parts

Biochemistry, Physiology, Morphology

1st Edition - January 1, 1961

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  • Editors: Jean Brachet, Alfred E. Mirsky
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483216553

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Cells and Their Component Parts, Volume II covers the cell constituents: the cell membrane, plant cell walls, ameboid movement, cilia and flagella, mitochondria, lysosomes and related particles, chloroplasts, Golgi apparatus, the ground substance, and the interphase nucleus and its interaction with the cytoplasm. The book discusses their biochemical activities and their interactions with other cell organelles. Biologists, botanists, pathologists, and people involved in biological laboratories and cancer research will find the book useful.

Table of Contents

  • Contents

    List of Contributors


    Contents, Volume I

    Contents, Volumes III, IV, and V

    1. The Cell Membrane and Its Properties

    I. Difficulties Inherent in the Treatment of the Subject

    II. The Red Cell Membrane

    III. Permeability Observations

    IV. Theories Regarding Membrane Structure

    V. Conclusion


    2. Plant Cell Walls

    I. The Chemical Nature and Submicroscopic Structure of the Constituents of the Cell Wall

    II. Microscopic Structure of Cell Walls

    III. Indirect Methods of Investigation

    IV. The Cell Wall in the Electron Microscope

    V. The Mechanism of Orientation and Growth

    VI. The Structure of Cell Connections

    VII. Membrane Structure in Various Cell Types

    VIII. Summary


    3. Ameboid Movement

    I. Introduction

    II. Observational Basis for Theories of Ameboid Movement

    III. Theories of Ameboid Movement


    4. Cilia and Flagella

    I. Introduction 218

    II. Structural Organization of the Ciliary Apparatus

    III. Modified Cilia and Flagella

    IV. Functional Aspects of the Ciliary Apparatus


    5. Mitochondria (Chondriosomes)

    I. Historical Survey

    II. Mitochondria in Living Cells: Their Plasticity and Polymorphism

    III. Identification of Mitochondria in Microscopic Preparations

    IV. Morphological Form: Diversity and Uniformity

    V. Biochemical Features: Complexity and Integration

    VI. Mitochondrial Changes

    VII. General Considerations


    6. Lysosomes and Related Particles

    I. Introduction

    II. Lysosomes: A Biochemical Concept

    III. The Cytological Identification of Lysosomes

    IV. Pinocytosis, Phagocytosis, and Lysosomes

    V. Lysosomes, the Storage of Insoluble Materials, and Aging

    VI. Lysosomes and Cell Death

    VII. Unsettled Problems; Future Perspectives


    7. The Chloroplasts: Inheritance, Structure, and Function

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification and General Morphology of Plastids

    III. Structure of Photosynthetically Active Chromoplasts

    IV. Differentiated Regions of Some Algal Plastids

    V. Origin and Development of Chloroplasts

    VI. External and Internal Factors that Influence Chloroplast Development

    VII. Chemistry of the Developing and Mature Chloroplast of Higher Plants


    8. Golgi Apparatus and Secretion Granules

    I. Discovery and Early Background

    II. The Vacuome

    III. The Golgi Controversy

    IV. Electron Microscopy


    9. The Ground Substance; Observations from Electron Microscopy

    I. Current General Concepts

    II. The Endoplasmic Reticulum

    III. Concluding Comments


    10. The Interphase Nucleus


    I. The Nuclear Membrane

    II. Distribution of Chromatin

    III. Chemical Composition

    IV. Metabolism



    11. Nucleocytoplasmic Interactions in Unicellular Organisms

    I. Introductory Remarks

    II. Results of Merotomy Experiments

    III. Hypotheses on the Biochemical Role of the Nucleus

    IV. The Nucleus and Cellular Oxidations

    V. Qualitative Changes in the Metabolism of Nonnucleated Amoeba Fragments

    VI. Phosphate and Coenzyme Metabolism

    VII. The Role of the Nucleus in RNA and Protein Metabolisms

    VIII. RNA and Protein Metabolism in the Nucleus of the Intact Cell

    IX. Discussion


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 930
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1961
  • Published: January 1, 1961
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483216553

About the Editors

Jean Brachet

Alfred E. Mirsky

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