Categories of Human Learning

Categories of Human Learning

1st Edition - January 1, 1964

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  • Editor: Arthur W. Melton
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258379

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Categories of Human Learning covers the papers presented at the Symposium on the Psychology of Human Learning, held at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor on January 31 and February 1, 1962. The book focuses on the different classifications of human learning. The selection first offers information on classical and operant conditioning and the categories of learning and the problem of definition. Discussions focus on classical and instrumental conditioning and the nature of reinforcement; comparability of the forms of human learning; conditioning experiments with human subjects; and subclasses of classical and instrumental conditioning. The text then takes a look at the representativeness of rote verbal learning and centrality of verbal learning. The publication ponders on probability learning, evaluation of stimulus sampling theory, and short-term memory and incidental learning. Topics include short-term retention, stimulus variation experiments, reinforcement schedules and mean response, systematic interpretations, and methodological approaches. The book then examines the behavioral effects of instruction to learning, verbalizations and concepts, and the generality of research on transfer functions. The selection is highly recommended for psychologists and educators wanting to conduct studies on the categories of human learning.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    Classical and Operant Conditioning

    Subclasses of Classical and Instrumental Conditioning

    Special Problems of Equivalence of Stimuli, Responses, and Reinforcement in a Classificatory Scheme

    Summary of the Classification Problem

    Conditioning Experiments with Human Subjects

    Comparability of the Forms of Human Learning


    Categories of Learning and the Problem of Definition: Comments on Professor Grant's Paper

    Can the Same Responses Be Conditioned Both Classically and Instrumentally?

    Classical and Instrumental Conditioning and the Nature of Reinforcement

    Are Laws of Classical Conditioning and Instrumental Conditioning the Same?



    The Representativeness of Rote Verbal Learning

    Approaches to a Taxonomy of Human Learning

    Characterization of Rote Verbal Learning

    Factors in Response Learning

    Factors Influencing Associative Learning

    Summary and General Comments


    The Centrality of Verbal Learning: Comments on Professor Underwood's Paper

    Unity vs. Diversity of Learning Process

    The Centrality of Verbal Learning

    Summary and Conclusion


    Probability Learning

    Methodological Approaches

    Some Facts About Probability Learning

    Systematic Interpretations


    An Evaluation of Stimulus Sampling Theory: Comments on Professor Estes' Paper

    Reinforcement Schedules and Mean Response

    Sequential Dependencies

    The Friedman, Burke, Cole, Estes, and Millward Experiment

    Stimulus Variation Experiments


    Short-Term Memory and Incidental Learning

    Short-Term Retention

    Incidental Learning



    Behavioral Effects of Instruction to Learn: Comments on Professor Postman s Paper

    Incidental Learning

    The Stimulus Trace and Short-Term Memory


    The Concept of the Concept

    Models of Concepts

    The Nature of Concepts

    The Place of Classification Learning in the Psychology of Learning

    Concluding Comments


    On Verbalizations and Concepts: Comments on Professor Kendler's Paper



    Perceptual-Motor Skill Learning

    Definitions and Taxonomy

    Theoretical Models

    The Continuity-Discontinuity Issue in Skill Learning

    Phases Characteristic of Skill Learning

    Cognitive Aspects of Skill Learning

    Some Cross-Category Problems of Skill Learning

    Some Relatively Unique Aspects of Skill Learning



    The Generality of Research on Transfer Functions: Comments on Professor Fitts' Paper

    Historical Perspective

    The Techniques

    Some Empirical Data

    Relation to Other Human Learning



    Problem Solving

    Dependent Variables in Problem Solving

    Independent Variables

    Individual Differences Variables

    The Nature of Problem Solving


    Learning and Problem Solving: Comments on Professor Gagné's Paper

    The Relation of Learning and Problem Solving

    The Question of Emergent Properties


    The Taxonomy of Human Learning: Overview

    Why the Taxonomy of Human Learning?

    Development of a Taxonomy

    The Validity of the Traditional Categories of Learning



    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 370
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1964
  • Published: January 1, 1964
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258379

About the Editor

Arthur W. Melton

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