Categories of Human Learning - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483231457, 9781483258379

Categories of Human Learning

1st Edition

Editors: Arthur W. Melton
eBook ISBN: 9781483258379
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 370
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Description

Categories of Human Learning covers the papers presented at the Symposium on the Psychology of Human Learning, held at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor on January 31 and February 1, 1962. The book focuses on the different classifications of human learning.

The selection first offers information on classical and operant conditioning and the categories of learning and the problem of definition. Discussions focus on classical and instrumental conditioning and the nature of reinforcement; comparability of the forms of human learning; conditioning experiments with human subjects; and subclasses of classical and instrumental conditioning. The text then takes a look at the representativeness of rote verbal learning and centrality of verbal learning.

The publication ponders on probability learning, evaluation of stimulus sampling theory, and short-term memory and incidental learning. Topics include short-term retention, stimulus variation experiments, reinforcement schedules and mean response, systematic interpretations, and methodological approaches. The book then examines the behavioral effects of instruction to learning, verbalizations and concepts, and the generality of research on transfer functions.

The selection is highly recommended for psychologists and educators wanting to conduct studies on the categories of human learning.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Classical and Operant Conditioning

Subclasses of Classical and Instrumental Conditioning

Special Problems of Equivalence of Stimuli, Responses, and Reinforcement in a Classificatory Scheme

Summary of the Classification Problem

Conditioning Experiments with Human Subjects

Comparability of the Forms of Human Learning

References

Categories of Learning and the Problem of Definition: Comments on Professor Grant's Paper

Can the Same Responses Be Conditioned Both Classically and Instrumentally?

Classical and Instrumental Conditioning and the Nature of Reinforcement

Are Laws of Classical Conditioning and Instrumental Conditioning the Same?

Summary

References

The Representativeness of Rote Verbal Learning

Approaches to a Taxonomy of Human Learning

Characterization of Rote Verbal Learning

Factors in Response Learning

Factors Influencing Associative Learning

Summary and General Comments

References

The Centrality of Verbal Learning: Comments on Professor Underwood's Paper

Unity vs. Diversity of Learning Process

The Centrality of Verbal Learning

Summary and Conclusion

References

Probability Learning

Methodological Approaches

Some Facts About Probability Learning

Systematic Interpretations

References

An Evaluation of Stimulus Sampling Theory: Comments on Professor Estes' Paper

Reinforcement Schedules and Mean Response

Sequential Dependencies

The Friedman, Burke, Cole, Estes, and Millward Experiment

Stimulus Variation Experiments

References

Short-Term Memory and Incidental Learning

Short-Term Retention

Incidental Learning

Conclusions

References

Behavioral Effects of Instruction to Learn: Comments on Professor Postman s Paper

Incidental Learning

The Stimulus Trace and Short-Term Memory

References

The Concept of the Concept

Models of Concepts

The Nature of Concepts

The Place of Classification Learning in the Psychology of Learning

Concluding Comments

References

On Verbalizations and Concepts: Comments on Professor Kendler's Paper

Text

References

Perceptual-Motor Skill Learning

Definitions and Taxonomy

Theoretical Models

The Continuity-Discontinuity Issue in Skill Learning

Phases Characteristic of Skill Learning

Cognitive Aspects of Skill Learning

Some Cross-Category Problems of Skill Learning

Some Relatively Unique Aspects of Skill Learning

Summary

References

The Generality of Research on Transfer Functions: Comments on Professor Fitts' Paper

Historical Perspective

The Techniques

Some Empirical Data

Relation to Other Human Learning

Summary

References

Problem Solving

Dependent Variables in Problem Solving

Independent Variables

Individual Differences Variables

The Nature of Problem Solving

References

Learning and Problem Solving: Comments on Professor Gagné's Paper

The Relation of Learning and Problem Solving

The Question of Emergent Properties

References

The Taxonomy of Human Learning: Overview

Why the Taxonomy of Human Learning?

Development of a Taxonomy

The Validity of the Traditional Categories of Learning

Conclusion

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
370
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1964
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483258379

About the Editor

Arthur W. Melton