COVID-19 Update: We are currently shipping orders daily. However, due to transit disruptions in some geographies, deliveries may be delayed. To provide all customers with timely access to content, we are offering 50% off Science and Technology Print & eBook bundle options. Terms & conditions.
Catalytic Hydrogenation over Platinum Metals - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123955326, 9780323145862

Catalytic Hydrogenation over Platinum Metals

1st Edition

0.0 star rating Write a review
Author: Paul Rylander
eBook ISBN: 9780323145862
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1967
Page Count: 564
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST
Price includes VAT/GST

Institutional Subscription

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.


Catalytic Hydrogenation over Platinum Metals focuses on catalytic hydrogenation as an effective process in attaining controlled transformations of organic compounds. Composed of contributions of various authors, the book first provides information on catalysts, equipment, and conditions. Catalyst stability and reuse; types of catalyst; platinum metals; and synergism are covered. The text proceeds with discussions on hydrogenation reactors. Topics include atmospheric pressure reactors; low pressure reactors; microreactors; and high pressure reactors. The book also covers hydrogenation of carbon-carbon unsaturation. Catalytic metal; modified catalyst systems; stereochemistry; diacetylenes; and hydrogenolysis are discussed. The text also looks at the hydrogenation of aromatics, nitrogen and carbonyl compounds, and hydrogenolysis. Numerical representations and analysis, diagrams, and reactions of compounds when exposed to different laboratory conditions are considered. The selection is a great source of data for readers interested in studying the process of catalytic hydrogenation.

Table of Contents


Part I Catalysts, Equipment, and Conditions

1 Platinum Metal Catalysts

I. Platinum Metals

II. Types of Catalyst

III. Synergism

IV. Catalyst Stability

V. Safety

VI. Catalyst Reuse

VII. Induction Periods

VIII. Reproducibility of Catalysts

IX. Inhibitors and Poisons

X. Promoters

XI. Preparation of Catalysts


2 Hydrogenation Reactors

I. Atmospheric Pressure Reactors

II. Low Pressure Reactors

III. Microreactors

IV. High Pressure Reactors


3 Reaction Conditions

I. Temperature

II. Amount of Catalyst

III. Pressure

IV. Agitation

V. Mode of Addition

VI. Solvents


Part II Hydrogenation of Carbon-Carbon Unsaturation

4 Acetylenes

I. Catalytic Metal

II. Modified Catalyst Systems

III. Stereochemistry

IV. Diacetylenes

V. Vinylacetylenes

VI. Hydrogenolysis


5 Olefins

I. Catalysts

II. Effect of Solvent

III. Effect of Olefin Structure

IV. Double-Bond Migration

V. Stereochemistry

VI. Olefin Saturation in Polyfunctional Molecules


Part III Hydrogenation of Nitrogen Compounds

6 Imines

I. Acidic Media

II. Neutral or Basic Media

III. Effect of Structure


7 Azines

I. Solvents

II. Preparation of Azo Compounds


8 Hydrazones

I. Hydrogenolysis

II. Disproportionation

III. Hydrazines by Reductive Alkylation


9 Oximes

I. Catalysts

II. Substrate

III. Solvent

IV. Products of Partial Reduction

V. Oximino Ketones

VI. Products of Interaction with Other Functions

VII. Stereochemistry


10 Nitroso Compounds

I. Hydroxylamine

II. N-Nitrosoamines

III. C-Nitroso Compounds


11 Nitro Compounds

I. Catalysts

II. Solvents

III. Reduction of the Aromatic Nitro Group to the Amine

IV. Reduction of Aliphatic Nitro Groups to the Amine

V. Difunctional Compounds

VI. Rearrangements

VII. Loss of Nitrogen by Hydrogenolysis

VIII. Products of Partial Reduction


12 Nitriles

I. Coupling Reactions: Secondary and Tertiary Amines

II. Products of Reductive Hydrolysis

III. Nitriles with Other Functional Groups


Part IV Carbonyl Compounds

13 Hydrogenation of Acids, Esters, and Anhydrides

I. Acids

II. Esters

III. Anhydrides


14 Hydrogenation of Aldehydes

I. Saturated Aliphatic Aldehydes

II. Aromatic Aldehydes

III. Unsaturated Aldehydes


15 Hydrogenation of Ketones

I. Aliphatic Ketones

II. Aromatic Ketones

III. Stereochemistry


16 Reductive Alkylation-Preparation of Amines

I. Substrates

II. Catalysts

III. Stereochemistry

IV. Incipient Amine and Carbonyl Compounds


17 Reductive Alkylation-Alkylidene Derivatives



Part V Hydrogenation of Aromatics

18 Carbocyclic Aromatics

I. Comparison of Catalysts

II. Partial Reduction of Aromatic Rings

III. Strained Rings

IV. Selective Hydrogenation

V. Reduction of Benzyl Compounds

VI. Fused Rings

VII. Stereochemistry


19 Phenols and Phenyl Ethers

I. Platinum Metals

II. Effect of Catalyst and Temperature on Stereochemistry

III. Hydrogenolysis without Ring Reduction

IV. Partial Ring Reduction

V. Ring Saturation without Hydrogenolysis

VI. Ring Reduction with Hydrogenolysis


20 Anilines

I. Reduction to the Saturated Amine

II. Secondary Amines

III. Hydrogenolysis

IV. Hydrolysis


21 Furans

I. Hydrogenation of the Furan Nucleus

II. Hydrogenolysis of Furans


22 Nitrogen Heterocyclic Compounds

I. Pyrroles

II. Indoles

III. Pyridines

IV. Quinolines and Isoquinolines

V. Imidazoles

VI. Pyridazines

VII. Pyrazines

VIII. Pyrimidines


Part VI Hydrogenolysis

23 Hydrogenation of Acid Chlorides—Rosenmund Reduction

I. Catalyst Regulators

II. Side-Reactions

III. Procedure

IV. Selective Hydrogenation


24 Catalytic Dehalogenation

I. Catalysts

II. Dehalogenation in Basic Media

III. Choice of Base

IV. Halogen Compounds with Other Functions

V. Selective Hydrogenation of Polyhalo Compounds

VI. Rearrangements

VII. Coupling Reactions

VIII. Dehalogenation with Hydrazine


25 Miscellaneous Hydrogenolyses

I. Allylic Oxygen

II. Allylic Nitrogen

III. Vinyl Functions

IV. Debenzylation

V. Hydrogenolysis of the Carbon-Carbon Bond

VI. Hydrogenolysis of the Carbon-Oxygen Bond

VII. Hydrogenolysis of the Carbon-Nitrogen Bond

VIII. Hydrogenolysis of the Nitrogen-Oxygen Bond

IX. Hydrogenolysis of the Oxygen-Oxygen Bond

X. Hydrogenolysis of the Nitrogen-Nitrogen Bond


Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1967
1st January 1967
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Paul Rylander

Ratings and Reviews