Case Studies of Material Corrosion Prevention for Oil and Gas Valves

Case Studies of Material Corrosion Prevention for Oil and Gas Valves

1st Edition - June 7, 2022

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  • Author: Karan Sotoodeh
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323954747
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323954754

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Case Studies of Material Corrosion Prevention for Oil and Gas Valves delivers a critical reference for engineers and corrosion researchers. Packed with nearly 30 real-world case studies, this reference gives engineers standardized knowledge on how to maintain, select and prevent typical corrosion problems in a variety of oil and gas settings. Subsea, offshore, refineries and processing plants are all included, covering a variety of challenges such as chloride stress cracking, how to use Teflon powder to prevent cross contamination, and carbon dioxide corrosion. Organized for quick discovery, this book gives engineers a much-needed tool to safely protect their assets and the environment. Engineers working in oil and gas operations understand that corrosion is a costly expense that increases emissions and damages the environment, but many standards do not provide practical examples with solutions, leaving engineers to learn through experience. This resource provides comprehensive information on topics of interest.

Key Features

  • Provides solutions to common oil and gas corrosion valve failures with standard case studies
  • Helps readers improve safety and reliability with the addition of references for further training
  • Presents tactics on how to reduce environmental impact and use methods to prevent corrosion across offshore, subsea and refinery activities


Valve engineer; corrosion engineer; petroleum and natural gas engineer

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Chapter 1: External topside offshore corrosion
  • Abstract
  • Case study 1.1. Valve gear box material selection and corrosion prevention in topside offshore oil and gas industry
  • Case study 1.2. Minimizing usage of low-alloy steel bolts and carbon steel nuts for valves in topside offshore oil and gas industry through selection of suitable bolting material
  • Case study 1.3. Material selection for hub and clamp (mechanical joint) connections
  • Case study 1.4. Preventing use of 17-4 PH stem material
  • Case study 1.5. Corrosion under insulation and its prevention by coating
  • Case study 1.6. Pitting and CLSCC and their prevention by coating
  • Case study 1.7. Application of austenitic stainless steel to industrial valves in offshore environment
  • Case study 1.8. Upgrading SS316 tubes for piping and valve actuators to 6MO
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 2: External offshore subsea corrosion
  • Abstract
  • Case study 2.1. HISC corrosion and prevention
  • Case study 2.2. Coating and cathodic protection to prevent external corrosion
  • Case study 2.3. Valve bolt material selection
  • Case study 2.4. Application and usage justification of carbon and low-alloy steel valves
  • Case study 2.5. Evaluation of usage of martensitic stainless steel 13Cr (chromium)-4Ni (nickel) for valve stems
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 3: Cross-contamination
  • Abstract
  • Case study 3.1. Using Teflon powder on stainless steel valve bodies to prevent cross-contamination
  • Case study 3.2. Passing PTFE pipeline injected gadget through pipeline valves during factory acceptance test
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 4: Carbon dioxide (CO2) corrosion
  • Abstract
  • Case study 4.1. Carbon dioxide (CO2) corrosion prediction for carbon and low-alloy steel valves
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 5: Hydrogen sulfide corrosion
  • Abstract
  • Case study 5.1. Material consideration to prevent hydrogen sulfide corrosion
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 6: Crevice corrosion
  • Abstract
  • Case study 6.1. Crevice corrosion prevention on valve grooves made of carbon steel by applying Inconel 625 weld overlay
  • Case study 6.2. Crevice corrosion prevention after removing threaded lifting lugs from valves during installation
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 7: Pitting corrosion
  • Abstract
  • Case study 7.1. Using NAB valves instead of titanium in sea water service
  • Case study 7.2. Failure of Inconel X750 valve springs in sea water service
  • Case study 7.3. Challenge of material selection for bearing of butterfly valves in sea water service
  • Case study 7.4. Hardfacing material selection for industrial valves in sea water service
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 8: Galvanic corrosion
  • Abstract
  • Case study 8.1. Galvanic corrosion between valve stem and graphite packing for valves in sea water service
  • Case study 8.2. Galvanic corrosion between valve stem and stem key
  • Further reading
  • Chapter 9: Erosion corrosion
  • Abstract
  • Case study 9.1. Erosion mitigation for industrial valves installed upstream and downstream of first stage separator on a topside platform
  • Case study 9.2. Erosion prevention for subsea valves
  • Further reading
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 350
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Gulf Professional Publishing 2022
  • Published: June 7, 2022
  • Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323954747
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323954754

About the Author

Karan Sotoodeh

Karan Sotoodeh recently earned his PhD in Safety and Reliability in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Stavanger. Previously, Karan was the Senior / Lead Engineer in valves and actuators for Baker Hughes, one of the world’s largest oil field services company. He was responsible for engineering and delivering valves and actuators in subsea manifolds, working with valve suppliers, R&D activities, and maintaining the company’s valve database. He has also worked for AkerSolutions, NLI Engineering, and Nargan Engineers as a senior specialist in piping and valves, assisting with many projects around the world. He is the author of Prevention of Valve Fugitive Emissions in the Oil and Gas Industry and Subsea Valves and Actuators for the Oil and Gas Industry, both published by Elsevier. Karan earned a Master of Research in Mechanical Engineering and a Masters in Oil and Gas Engineering, both from Robert Gordon University of Aberdeen, and a Bachelors in Industrial Engineering from the Iran University of Science and Technology

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lead Engineer, Valves and Actuators, Valve Engineering Group, Manifold department, Baker Hughes, Oslo, Norway

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