Chapter headings and selected sections: Marine Resources and Activities. The sea itself. Living resources. Physical resources. Energy from the oceans. Marine research. The basis of international regulation. A recipe for chaos? Summary. The Legal Background. Evolution of basic concepts. 20th century developments. The Aegean. Summary. The Present International Legal Regime. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Other contributions to maritime customary law. Disputes and their resolution. A look ahead. Summary. The Arctic Ocean: Ice, Oil and Sovereignty. Human settlement around the Arctic. The Arctic seas - who owns what? Hydrocarbons in the Arctic. The North-West Passage. The Arctic and climatic change. The polar Mediterranean: what does the future hold? Summary. The Galapagos: Islands of Variety and Change. The tectonic setting. The oceanographic setting. Life around the Galapagos. The Galapagos and El Nino. Galapagos corals: a clue to past climate. Exploration, exploitation and conservation: changing attitudes. Summary. Appendices. Suggested Further Reading. Answers and Comments to Questions. Acknowledgements. Index.