Carvers' Medical Imaging

Carvers' Medical Imaging

3rd Edition - May 28, 2021

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  • Authors: Elizabeth Carver, Barry Carver, Karen Knapp
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780702069550
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702085307

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Description

The third edition of Carvers’ Medical Imaging supports radiography students to take a reflective, evidence-based approach that will enhance their practice. This important textbook comprehensively covers the full range of medical imaging methods and techniques in one volume, and discusses them in relation to imaging principles, radiation dose, patient condition, body area and pathologies. It encourages the student to critically analyse their work rather than simply carrying out tasks. The book has been updated by an impressive team of contributors to align with developments in both radiographic techniques and the role of the radiographer. It is an essential companion for students of BSc (Hons) diagnostic radiography, those undertaking a foundation degree in radiographic practice or bachelor of medicine, and postgraduates alike.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Dedication
  • List of Contributors
  • Abbreviations
  • 1. Digital Imaging
  • Advantages of Digital Imaging
  • Computed Radiography
  • Digital Radiography
  • Image Display
  • Digital Image Manipulation
  • Quality Assurance and Quality Control
  • 2. Image Quality and Dose
  • Image Quality
  • Dosimetry
  • 3. Introduction to General Radiography and Preliminary Clinical Evaluation
  • Projection Names
  • Patient Preparation
  • Image Recording (CR Cassettes and Digital Plates)
  • Focus Receptor and Object Receptor Distance
  • Anatomical Markers
  • Image Identification
  • Dose Reduction Methods
  • Preliminary Clinical Evaluation (PCE) in X-ray Examination of the Skeleton
  • Commonly Encountered Pathologies that Affect the Skeleton and Its Articulations
  • 4. Fingers, Hand and Wrist
  • Thumb
  • Fingers
  • Hand
  • Wrist
  • Scaphoid
  • Carpal Tunnel
  • 5. Forearm, Elbow, Humerus and Shoulder Girdle
  • Forearm (Radius and Ulna)
  • Elbow
  • Head of Radius
  • Humerus
  • Intertuberous Sulcus (Bicipital Groove)
  • The Shoulder Girdle
  • Clavicle
  • Scapula
  • Acromioclavicular Joints
  • 6. Foot, Toes, Ankle, Tibia and Fibula
  • Foot and Toes
  • Toes
  • Ankle
  • Subtalar Joint/Talocalcaneal Joints
  • Calcaneum
  • Tibia and Fibula
  • 7. Knee and Femur
  • Introduction
  • Knee
  • Intercondylar Notch
  • Patella
  • Femur
  • 8. Pelvis and Hips
  • Acetabulum
  • Pelvimetry
  • 9. Cervical and Thoracic Spine
  • Cervical Spine
  • Lateral Projections
  • Anteroposterior (AP) Projections
  • Oblique Projections
  • Other Imaging Modalities and the Cervical Spine
  • Thoracic Spine
  • 10. Lumbar Spine, Sacrum and Coccyx
  • Challenges of the Lumbar Spine Examination
  • AP and Lateral Projections
  • Oblique Projections
  • Erect Laterals in Flexion and Extension
  • Sacroiliac Joints
  • Sacrum
  • Coccyx
  • 11. Principles of Radiography of the Head
  • Introduction
  • A Logical Approach to Technique
  • Basic Positions of the Head
  • Table-Top/Trolley or Erect Technique?
  • Summary
  • 12. Cranial Vault and Specialised Projections of the Head
  • Specialised Projections of the Skull
  • Mastoids
  • Temporal Bone: Petrous Portion for Internal Auditory Meati (IAMs)
  • Optic Foramen
  • Jugular Foramina
  • 13. Facial Bones and Paranasal Sinuses
  • General Survey of Facial Bones
  • Orbits
  • Nasal Bones
  • Mandible
  • Temporomandibular Joints (TMJs)
  • Zygomatic Arches
  • Paranasal Sinuses
  • 14. Dental Radiography
  • Dose Reduction and Radiation Protection
  • Difficulties in Providing Accuracy of Dental Assessment
  • Terminology Associated with Dental Radiography
  • Techniques Used in Dental Radiography
  • Recording and Displaying the Image
  • Intraoral Techniques
  • Dental Panoramic Tomography (DPT)
  • Cephalometry
  • Cone Beam Computed Tomography
  • 15. Chest and Thoracic Skeleton
  • Common Findings on the Chest Image
  • The Chest X-ray and Infectious Patients
  • The Erect PA Chest Projection and Comments on Its Implementation
  • Other Chest Projections
  • Lung Apices
  • Oblique Projections of the Chest
  • Thoracic Inlet
  • Thoracic Skeleton
  • Sternum
  • Sternoclavicular (SC) Joints
  • 16. Abdomen
  • Bariatric Patients
  • 17. Emergency Department Radiography
  • The Role of the Radiographer in the Multidisciplinary Team
  • Mechanisms of Injury
  • Further Projections and Adapted Techniques
  • Selection of Trauma Imaging Equipment
  • 18. Principles of Theatre and Mobile Radiography
  • Theatre Radiography
  • Mobile Radiography
  • 19. Paediatric Imaging in General Radiography
  • Introduction
  • Special Considerations When Imaging Children
  • Radiation Protection and Dose Limitation
  • Radiographic Examinations
  • Facilitating the Radiographic Examination
  • Common Mistakes and Errors
  • Chest
  • Abdomen
  • Appendicular Skeleton: Upper Limb
  • Appendicular Skeleton: Lower Limb
  • Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column
  • Axial Skeleton: Pelvis and Hips
  • Axial Skeleton: Skull and Facial Projections
  • Skeletal Surveys
  • 20. Contrast Media
  • History of Radiographic Contrast Media
  • Requirements of the ‘Ideal’ Contrast Medium and Types of Contrast Agent
  • Possible Side-Effects of Ionic-Based Contrast Media
  • Administration of Intravenous Contrast Media
  • Arterial Administration of Contrast Media
  • Use of Contrast Media in Other Examinations
  • 21. Gastrointestinal Imaging
  • Notes on Position Terminology for Fluoroscopic Examination
  • Upper GI Tract
  • Small Bowel
  • Lower GI Tract: Large Bowel
  • Defaecating Proctography
  • Accessory Organs of the Gastrointestinal Tract – Salivary Glands
  • Accessory Organs of the Gastrointestinal Tract – Gallbladder and Biliary Tree
  • Other Diagnostic Techniques for the Gallbladder
  • Other Techniques for Assessing the Biliary Tree
  • Assessment of the Pancreas
  • 22. Genitourinary Contrast Imaging
  • Common Pathologies and Clinical Indications for Imaging of the Urinary System
  • Radiographic Examination of the Urinary System – Intravenous Urography (IVU)
  • Series of Projections for the IVU
  • Radiographic Projections for the IVU
  • Radiographic Examinations of the Bladder and Urethra – Cystography and Urethrography
  • Other Methods for Imaging the Urinary System
  • Radiographic Examination of the Female Reproductive System
  • Other Methods for Assessment of Fallopian Tubes and Uterine Abnormalities
  • 23. Vascular Imaging
  • Imaging of the Cardiovascular System
  • Vascular Imaging of the Head and Neck
  • Conclusion
  • 24. Interventional and Therapeutic Procedures
  • Vascular Interventional Procedures
  • Future Developments and Current Impact of Interventional Vascular Procedures
  • Reflection on Endovascular Therapy
  • Non-vascular Interventional Procedures or Therapies
  • Non-vascular Interventional Techniques: Gastrointestinal Tract
  • Non-vascular Interventional Techniques: The Biliary Tree
  • Non-vascular Interventional Techniques: Urogenital Tract
  • Reflection on Intervention and Therapies
  • 25. Breast Imaging
  • Introduction and Rationale
  • Symptomatic Mammography
  • Asymptomatic Mammography
  • Communication with Women Undergoing Mammography
  • Breast Screening
  • Breast Disease Demonstrated with Mammography
  • Dose Implications for the Breast Undergoing Mammography
  • Digital Mammography
  • Alternative and Complementary Imaging Techniques
  • Mammography Technique
  • Mammographic Projections
  • Supplementary Projections
  • Ultrasound
  • Breast Lesion Localisation
  • 26. Computed Tomography
  • Introduction
  • Equipment Chronology
  • Equipment
  • Physical Principles of Scanning
  • Image Quality
  • CT Safety: Dose
  • Common Clinical Applications
  • Future Developments
  • 27. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Introduction
  • Equipment Chronology
  • Science and Instrumentation
  • MRI Safety
  • The Physical Principles of MRI
  • Common Clinical Applications
  • Suggested MRI Protocols by Body Area
  • 28. Radionuclide Imaging
  • Introduction
  • Equipment Chronology
  • Science and Instrumentation
  • Image Acquisition and Quality
  • Safety
  • Fundamentals of Nuclear Medicine Technique
  • Common Nuclear Medicine Investigations
  • PET-CT
  • Summary
  • 29. Ultrasound
  • Introduction
  • Equipment Chronology
  • Physical Principles of Ultrasound
  • Equipment and Technology
  • Ultrasound Safety
  • Clinical Applications
  • Gynaecology
  • Obstetrics
  • Future Developments
  • 30. Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry
  • Quality Assurance
  • Multiple Scanner Departments
  • Referral Criteria for DXA
  • Prior to the Scan
  • Site Selection
  • Vertebral Fracture Assessment (VFA)
  • Total Body Scans
  • Image Analysis
  • Calculation and Interpretation of Bone Mineral Density
  • Longitudinal Monitoring
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 580
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: May 28, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780702069550
  • eBook ISBN: 9780702085307

About the Authors

Elizabeth Carver

Affiliations and Expertise

Undergraduate Course Director, School of Radiography, University of Wales, Bangor, UK

Barry Carver

Affiliations and Expertise

Director of Postgraduate Studies, School of Radiography, University of Wales, Bangor, Wales

Karen Knapp

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