Cardiovascular Review 1984

Cardiovascular Review 1984

1st Edition - January 1, 1984

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  • Authors: Gerald C. Timmis, Douglas C. Westveer, Timothy A. Nelson
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273334

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Description

Cardiovascular Review 1984 is an attempt to assimilate most of the clinically germane English-speaking cardiologic literature in as concise and timely a format as possible. Thus, this textual compendium of individual reports represents as current a summary of cardiologic thinking as the publishing process will allow. With the addition of another 1926 references, this work now consists of about 9000 statements on cardiovascular reports appearing in the English-speaking cardiovascular literature. The table of contents has been constructed to reflect the order in which the preponderance of cardiologic literature appears. Thus, ischemic heart disease, valvular heart disease, arrhythmias, and conduction defects have been assigned a high priority reflected by their location in the first few sections of this book. Thereafter, topics ranging from acromegaly to tumors of the heart have been addressed in alphabetical order.

Table of Contents


  • Preface to 1984 Volume

    Preface to 1979 Volume

    Preface to 1980 Volume

    Preface to 1982 Volume

    Preface to 1983 Volume

    Ischemic Heart Disease

    I. Natural History

    Angina

    Myocardial Infarction

    Aneurysm

    The Changing Mortality of Coronary Heart Disease

    Progression of Coronary Atherosclerosis

    Regression

    II. Epidemiology and Risk Factors

    Age, Sex, and Genetics

    Alcohol

    Climate and Environment

    Coffee

    Contraceptives, Hormones, and Endogenous Endocrine Influences

    Diabetes Mellitus

    Educational Status

    Hemostatic Factors and Hematocrit

    Hypertension

    Hypertrophy

    Integument

    Lifestyle

    Lipids

    Obesity and Weight

    Occupation

    Physical Activity

    Psychosocial Risks

    Race

    Radiation

    Retirement

    Risk Scores and Intervention Trials

    Smoking

    Trace Metals and Minerals (including Water Hardness)

    Travel

    Uric Acid

    Vasectomy

    Vital Capacity

    III. Clinical Aspects of Ischemic Heart Disease

    Angina

    Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects

    Asymptomatic or Unrecognized Ischemia and Myocardial Infarction

    Bezold-Jarisch Reflex

    Diabetes

    Extension vs Expansion of Myocardial Infarction

    Fever

    Heart Size

    Hypertension and Hypertrophy

    Hyperventilation

    Hypoxemia

    Humoral Control

    Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Left Main Coronary (LMC) Disease and "Left Main Equivalent" (LME)

    Pericarditis

    Peripheral Vascular Disease

    Prehospital Course

    Premonitory Symptoms (Prodrome) of an Acute Coronary Event

    Prognosis and Survival

    Pulmonary Edema

    Pulmonary Function

    Pulse

    Renal Disease

    Retinal Changes as an Indicator of Coronary Heart Disease

    Rupture

    Sex

    Shock

    Site of Infarction and Its Significance

    Sudden Death and Prehospital Cardiac Arrest

    Stroke

    Thromboembolism

    Valsalva Maneuver

    Ventricular Aneurysm and Thrombosis

    Coronary Heart Disease in the Young

    IV. Pathogenesis, Pathophysiology, and Pathology

    Alcohol

    Anomalies of Coronary Arteries

    Aortic Regurgitation

    Arteriovenous Fistula

    Atherogenesis

    Atrial Involvement

    Collaterals

    Complement

    Coxsackie Virus

    Drugs and Coronary Heart Disease

    Metabolism of Ischemia

    Myocardial Bridging

    Myocardial Oxygen Supply and Demand

    Nephrotic Syndome

    Pathologic Anatomy and Its Significance

    Physiology of Coronary Heart Disease (Hemodynamics)

    Radiation

    Thromboembolism, Platelets, Prostaglandins, and Vasospastic Mechanisms

    Ventricular and Atrial Function

    V. Diagnosis

    General Aspects of Clinical Predictors

    History

    Physical Examination

    Bayes' Theorem. Effect of Pretest Likelihood of Disease on the Utility of Diagnostic Tests

    The Electrocardiogram at Rest

    Ambulatory Monitoring (Dynamic Electrocardiogram; DCG)

    Transtelephonic Monitoring

    Exercise (Stress) Electrocardiography

    The Chemistry of Ischemia

    Scintigraphy (Radioisotopic Imaging)

    Echocardiography

    Fluoroscopy

    Systolic Time Intervals

    Sizing of Infarction

    Cardiac Catheterization (Hemodynamic, Cardiodynamic, and Coronary Ateriographic Studies)

    VI. Therapy

    Changing Patterns of Therapy

    Medical Management

    Special Therapeutic Considerations

    Surgery

    Valvular Heart Disease

    I. Etiology and Incidence

    II. Clinical

    Aortic Stenosis (AS)

    Aortic Regurgitation (AR)

    Mitral Stenosis (MS)

    Mitral Regurgitation (MR)

    Mitral Annular Calcification (MAC)

    Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Tricuspid Valve Prolapse (Multiple Floppy Valves)

    Tricuspid Stenosis (TS) and Regurgitation (TR)

    Thromboembolic Complications

    The Myocardial Impairment and Hypertrophy of Valvular Disease

    Diagnosis of Valvular Disease

    Prognosis of Valvular Disease

    III. Therapy of Valvular Heart Disease

    Medical

    Pacing

    Surgery

    Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects

    I. Cardiac Rhythm in Healthy Populations

    II. Supraventricular Arrhythmias

    Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT)

    Atrial Conduction

    Atrial Flutter

    Atrial Fibrillation (AF)

    Atrial Dissociation

    Atrial Asystole

    Chaotic Atrial Mechanisms

    Junctional Mechanisms

    Hemodynamics of Atrioventricular Dissociation

    Atrial Electrophysiology

    III. Ventricular Arrhythmias

    Etiology and Mechanisms

    Risk and Natural History

    Site, Significance, and Prognosis

    Associated Conduction Defects

    Ventricular Tachycardia (VT)

    Ventricular Fibrillation (VF)

    IV. Long Q-T Syndromes (LQTS) and Torsade de Pointes

    Criteria

    Etiology and Pathophysiology

    Clinical

    Pathology

    Treatment

    Results and Prognosis

    V. Sick Sinus Syndrome (including Carotid Sinus Syncope)

    Etiology, Mechanisms, and Pathology

    Clinical Characteristics

    Associated Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects

    Drug Effects

    Diagnosis

    VI. Conduction

    Classification

    Atrial

    Atrioventricular Block (AVB)

    HIS-Purkinje Conjunction, Bundle Branch, and Fascicular Block

    Accelerated Conduction (Wolff-Parkinson-White [WPW], Lown-Ganong-Levine [LGL], and Concealed Accessory Pathways)

    Conduction as Affected by Electrolytes

    VII. Syncope

    VIII. General Diagnostic Considerations

    Electrocardiogram

    Ambulatory Recordings

    Exercise Testing

    Electrophysiologic Studies

    Echocardiogram

    Image Phase Analysis

    IX. Treatment of Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects

    Indications for Treatment

    Electrophysiologic Drug Testing

    Results of Treatment

    Antiarrhythmic Agents

    High-Energy Capacitator Discharges

    Pacemaker Therapy

    Neuromechanical Maneuvers

    Atrioventricular Conduction Ablation by Catheter Techniques

    Surgery

    Acromegaly

    Aging

    Alcohol

    Amyloidosis

    Anemia (including Sickle Cell Anemia)

    Aneurysms and Dissections of Great Vessels

    Anorexia Nervosa

    Arteritis

    Athletic Heart

    Bartter's Syndrome

    Behcet's Syndrome

    Carcinoid

    Cardiomyopathy

    I. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM)

    Etiology

    Pathology

    Ventricular Function and Hemodynamics

    Mechanism of Obstruction and Cavity Obliteration

    Mechanism of Systolic Anterior Motion (SAM) of the Mitral Valve and Mitral Prolapse

    Hypertrophy (Nature and Location)

    Symptoms and Clinical Course

    Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects

    Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Childhood

    Natural History, Prognosis, and Sudden Death

    Ischcmic Heart Disease and Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    Other Associated Cardiac Diseases

    Endocarditis

    Diagnosis

    II. Congestive (Dilated) Cardiomyopathy

    Etiology

    Prevalence and Prognosis

    Pathogenesis

    Clinical Aspects

    Electrophysiology

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    III. Restrictive and Infiltrative Cardiomyopathy

    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

    Chemotherapy

    Chagas' Disease

    Cirrhosis

    Collagen and Connective Tissue Disease

    I. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

    II. Scleroderma

    III. Periarteritis Nodosa

    IV. Polymyositis - Dermatomyositis

    V. Ehlers - Danlos Syndrome

    VI. Rheumatoid Arthritis

    VII. Marfan's Syndrome

    VIII. Mixed Connective Tissue Disease

    IX. Mucopolycaccharidoses

    Congenital Heart Disease in the Adult

    Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Edema

    I. Pathogenesis, Pathophysiology

    II. Effects of Therapy

    III. Mortality

    IV. Principles of Treatment

    Positive Inotropic Agents

    Digitalis

    Other Positive Inotropic Agents

    V. Diuretics and Cathartics

    Potassium-Wasting Diuretics

    Potassium-Sparing Diuretics

    Mode and Duration of Action

    General Clinical Considerations

    Side Effects

    VI. Unloading Programs

    Physiology of Unloading

    Clinical Response

    Precautions

    Specific Unloading Agents

    Comparative Effects of Vasodilators

    VII. Beta Blockers

    VIII. Miscellaneous Agents

    Electrocardiography

    I. P WAVE

    II. The QRS Interval

    Q Wave

    R Wave Progression

    Hemodyalysis

    Hypertrophy

    Osborne Waves (J Waves)

    Axis Shifts and Conduction Defects

    Hemodynamic Correlates

    III. The QT Interval

    IV. The ST Segment

    Injury Patterns

    Early Repolarization Syndrome

    The Juvenile Pattern

    V. T Wave

    VI. Voltage

    VII. Vectorcardiogram

    VIII. Effects of Aging

    Endocarditis

    I. Bacterial

    Clinical

    Specific Risks

    Bacteriology

    Diagnosis

    Prognosis

    Special Therapeutic Considerations

    II. Nonbacterial

    Fungal Endocarditis

    Parasitic Endocarditis

    Rickettsial Endocarditis

    Marantic (Nonbacterial) Endocarditis

    Fabry's Disease (Angiokeratoma Corporis Fiffusum Universale)

    Heat Stroke

    Hemochromatosis

    Hypereosinophilic Syndromes

    Hypertension

    I. Prevalence and Significance

    II. Hemodynamics and the Evolution of Hypertension

    Earliest Derangements

    Borderline and Labile Hypertension

    Hyperkinetic Essential Hypertension

    Hypertension in the Elderly

    III. The Humoral Aspects of Hypertension

    Pathophysiology

    Etiologic Endocrine Mechanisms

    Neurovascular Aspects of Hypertension

    Autonomic Manipulations

    Adrenergic Receptors

    Baroreceptors

    Vascular Reactivity

    IV. Renal and Renovascular Mechanisms

    V. Volume Overload Hypertension

    VI. Etiologic Correlates

    Alcohol

    Coffee and Smoking

    Contraceptives

    Other Chemicals and Drugs

    Diabetes

    Diet, Salt, Ions, and Obesity

    Gaisbock's Syndrome

    Pediatrics

    Pregnancy

    Quadriplegia

    Race

    VII. Malignant (Accelerated) Hypertension

    VIII. Anatomic and Clinical Consequences of Hypertension

    Left Ventricle

    Right Ventricle

    IX. Measurement

    X. Detection and Diagnosis

    XI. Treatment

    Indications and Special Therapeutic Considerations

    Pharmacologic Therapy

    Nonpharmacologic Therapy

    Hypotension

    Magnesium

    Marfan's Syndrome

    Marijuana

    Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome (MCLS; Kawasaki's Disease)

    Muscular Dystrophy

    Myocarditis

    Myxedema

    Obesity

    Pericardium

    I. Function

    II. Acute Pericarditis

    Etiology

    Diagnosis

    Therapeutic Considerations

    III. Constrictive-Effusive Pericarditis

    Etiology

    Clinical Aspects

    IV. Pericardial Effusion and Tamponade

    Clinical Aspects

    Diagnosis

    Treatment

    V. Congenital Absence

    Peripheral Vascular Disease

    I. Arterial Disease

    Etiology and Pathogenesis

    Physical Diagnosis

    Therapy

    II. Venous DISEASE

    III. Lymphatic Disease

    Pregnancy

    Pulmonary Disease

    I. Alveolar Hypoventilation and Sleep Apnea Syndrome

    Pathophysiology

    Clinical Aspects

    Treatment

    II. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    Natural History

    Clinical

    Ventricular Function

    Hemodynamics

    Heart Size

    Adenoids

    Arrhythmias

    Electrocardiogram

    Echocardiogram

    Pulmonary Embolism

    Therapeutic Considerations

    III. Iatrogenic Lung Disease

    IV. Noncardiac Pulmonary Edema

    V. Pulmonary Hemorrhage

    VI. Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

    Pathophysiology

    Adaption to Oxygen

    Diagnosis

    Gastrointestinal Complications

    Therapy

    VII. Pleural Effusion

    Pulmonary Vascular Disease

    I. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) and Peripheral Venous Disease

    Clinical Aspects

    Diagnosis

    Prognosis

    Treatment

    II. Pulmonary Hypertension

    Classification

    Etiology

    Pathophysiology

    Symptoms

    Diagnosis

    Prognosis

    Therapy

    III. Pulmonary Vasculitides

    IV. Pulmonary Arteriovenous Fistula

    Radiation

    Rheumatic Fever

    Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Sarcoidosis

    Sounds and Murmurs

    Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease

    Thrombocytopenic Purpura

    Thyroid

    Time Intervals, Systolic and Diastolic

    I. Systolic

    Hemodynamic Correlation

    Electrocardiographic Correlation

    Clinical Correlation

    II. Diastolic Time Intervals

    Trauma

    Tumors of the Heart

    Whipple's Disease

    Supplements I-XI

    Abbreviations

    Guide to Journal Abbreviations

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 744
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: January 1, 1984
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483273334

About the Authors

Gerald C. Timmis

Douglas C. Westveer

Timothy A. Nelson

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