Cardiovascular Review 1982 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780126913200, 9781483273570

Cardiovascular Review 1982

1st Edition

Authors: Gerald C. Timmis Douglas C. Westveer
eBook ISBN: 9781483273570
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 434
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Description

Cardiovascular Review 1982 is an attempt to survey and organize much of the English speaking literature as concisely and expeditiously as possible for those who wish to remain current but have insufficient time for this purpose. The format of the 1982 edition has been changed in the service of space and editorial costs. An outline mode of presentation has been continued while abandoning wasteful indentations of text. Almost all references have been retained for their bibliographic value unless they were felt to be no longer germane to the matrix of medical thinking. With the exception of a few statements and paragraphs in a number of sections, the book has been virtually entirely rewritten. With the addition of 2113 references in the current review, the total number of papers currently identified is well in excess of 5000. The table of contents has been constructed to reflect the order in which the preponderance of cardiologic literature appears. Thus, ischemic heart disease, valvular heart disease, arrhythmias, and conduction defects have been assigned a high priority reflected by their location in the first few sections of this book. Thereafter, topics ranging from acromegaly to tumors of the heart have been addressed in alphabetical order.

Table of Contents


Preface to Third (1982) Edition

Preface to First (1979) Edition

Preface to Second (1980) Edition

Ischemic Heart Disease

I. Natural History

Angina

Myocardial Infarction

Aneurysm

The Changing Mortality of Coronary Heart Disease

Progression of Coronary Atherosclerosis

Regression

II. Epidemiology and Risk Factors

Age, Sex, and Genetics

Blood Pressure

Coffee

Contraceptives and Endogenous Influences

Diabetes Mellitus

Hematocrit

Lipids

Obesity

Physical Fitness

Psychosocial Risks

Radiation

Retiring

Risk Intervention

Smoking

Trace Metals and Minerals (including Water Hardness)

Uric Acid

III. Clinical Aspects of Ischemic Heart Disease

Angina

Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects

Asymptomatic or Unrecognized Ischemia and Myocardial Infarction

Bezold-Jarisch Reflex

Diabetes

Extension vs Expansion of Myocardial Infarction

Fever

Heart Size

Hypertension

Hyperventilation

Hypoxemia

Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

Left Main Coronary (LMC) Disease

Pericarditis

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Prehospital Course

Premonitory Symptoms (Prodrome) of an Acute Coronary Event

Prognosis and Survival

Pulmonary Edema

Renal Disease

Retinal Changes as an Indicator of Coronary Heart Disease

Rupture

Sex

Shock

Site of Infarction and Its Significance

Sudden Death and Prehospital Cardiac Arrest

Valsalva Maneuver

Ventricular Aneurysm

Young People with Coronary Heart Disease

IV. Pathogenesis, Pathophysiology, and Pathology

Alcohol

Anomalies of Coronary Arteries

Aortic Regurgitation

Arteriovenous Fistula

Atherogenesis

Atrial Involvement

Collaterals

Complement

Coxsackie Virus

Drugs and Coronary Heart Disease

Metabolism of Ischemia

Myocardial Bridging

Myocardial Oxygen Supply and Demand

Nephrotic Syndrome

Pathologic Anatomy and Its Significance

Physiology of Coronary Heart Disease (Hemodynamics)

Radiation

Thromboembolism, Platelets, Prostaglandins, and Vasospastic Mechanisms

Ventricular Function

V. Diagnosis

History

Physical Examination

Bayes' Theorem. The Effect of Pretest Likelihood of Disease on the Utility of Diagnostic Tests

The Electrocardiogram at Rest

Ambulatory Monitoring (Dynamic Electrocardiogram; DCG)

Exercise Electrocardiography

The Chemistry of Ischemia

Scintigraphy (Radioisotopic Imaging)

Echocardiography

Fluoroscopy

Systolic Time Intervals

Sizing of Infarction

Cardiac Catheterization (Hemodynamic, Cardiodynamic, and Coronary Arteriographic Studies)

VI. Therapy

Medical Management

Special Therapeutic Situations

Surgery

Valvular Heart Disease

I. Etiology and Incidence

II. Clinical

Aortic Stenosis (AS) and Bicuspid Aortic Valve (AV)

Aortic Regurgitation

Mitral Stenosis

Mitral Regurgitation (MR)

Mitral Annular Calcification

Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP; Click Syndrome)

Tricuspid Valve Prolapse (Multiple Floppy Valves)

Tricuspid Stenosis (TS)

Embolic Complications

The Myocardial Impairment and Hypertrophy of Valvular Disease

Prognosis

III. Therapy of Valvular Heart Disease

Medical

Pacing

Surgery

Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects

I. Cardiac Rhythm in Healthy Populations

II. Diagnosis

III. Supraventricular Arrhythmias

Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (PSVT)

Atrial Flutter

Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial Dissiciation

Atrial Standstill

Chaotic Atrial Mechanisms

Junctional Mechanisms

Hemodynamics of Atrioventricular Dissociation

IV. Ventricular Arrhythmias

Etiology and Associated Conditions

Risk and Natural History

Site, Significance, and Prognosis

Coupling Intervals

Associated Conduction Defects

Ventricular Tachycardia

Ventricular Fibrillation

Electrophysiologic Studies

V. Long Q-T Syndromes (LQTS) and Torsade des Pointes

Etiology and Pathophysiology

Clinical

Pathology

Treatment

Results and Prognosis

VI. Conduction

Classification

Atrial

Atrioventricular Junction Block (AVB)

His-Purkinje Conduction, Bundle Branch, and Fascicular Block

Accelerated Conduction (Wolff-Parkinson-White, Lown-Ganong-Levine, and Concealed Accessory Pathways)

Conduction as Affected by Electrolytes

VII. Sick Sinus Syndrome (including Carotid Sinus Syncope)

Etiology and Pathology

Clinical Characteristics

Associated Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects

Drug Effects

Diagnosis

Risk and Prognosis

VIII. Treatment of Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects

Indications for Treatment

General Principles

Results of Treatment

Antiarrhythmic Agents

Pacemaker Therapy

Neuromechanical Maneuvers

Surgery

Acromegaly

Aging

Alcohol

Amyloidosis

Anemia (including Sickle Cell Anemia)

Aneurysm of Great Vessels

Anorexia Nervosa

Arteritis

Athletic Heart

Bartter's Syndrome

Cardiomyopathy

I. Hypertrophic (HCM)

Etiology

Pathology

Vertricular Function and Hemodynamics

Mechanism of Obstruction

Cavity Obliteration

Mechanism of Systolic Anterior Mitral Motion (SAM) and Mitral Prolapse

Apical Hypertrophy

Symptoms and Clinical Course

Arrhythmias and Conduction Defects

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Childhood

Natural History, Prognosis, and Sudden Death

Coronary Artery Disease and Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Other Associated Cardiac Diseases

Diagnosis

Treatment

II. Congestive (Dilated) Cardiomyopathy

Etiology

Prevalence and Prognosis

Clinical Aspects

Electrophysiology

III. Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

Chemotherapy

Cirrhosis

Congenital Heart Disease in the Adult

Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Edema

I. Pathogenesis and Pathophysiology

II. Positive Inotropic Agents

Digitalis

Other Positive Inotropic Agents

III. Diuretics and Cathartics

Potassium Wasting Diuretics

Potassium Sparing Diuretics

General Clinical Considerations

Side Effects

IV. Unloading Programs

Psychology of Unloading

Clinical Response

Status of Precautions

Specific Agents

Comparative Effects

V. Miscellaneous Agents

VI. Beta Blockers

VII. Calcium Inhibitors

Collagen and Connective Tissue Disease

I. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

II. Scleroderma

III. Periarterisis Nodosa

IV. Polymyositis

V. Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

VI. Rheumatoid Arthritis

VII. Marfan Syndrome

VIII. Mucopolycaccharidoses

Electrocardiagraphy

I. P Wave

II. The QRS Interval

R Wave Progression

Hemodialysis

Hypertrophy

Axis Shifts and Conduction Defects

Hemodynamic Correlates

III. The QT Interval

IV. The ST Segment

Early Repolarization Syndrome

The Juvenile Pattern

V. T Wave

VI. Osborne Wave

VII. Vectorcardiogram

Endocarditis

I. Bacterial

Clinical

Specific Risks

Bacteriology

Diagnosis

Prognosis

Special Therapeutic Considerations

Prophylaxis

II. Nonbacterial

Fungal Endocarditis

Marantic (Nonbacterial) Endocarditis

Fabry's Disease (Angiokeratoma Corporis Diffusum Universale)

Hemochromatosis

Hypereosinophilic Syndromes

Hypertension

I. Prevalence and Significance

II. Correlates

III. Hemodynamics and the Evolution of Hypertension

Earliest Derangements

Borderline and Labile Hypertension

Hyperkinetic Essential Hypertension

Race and Hemodynamics

Hypertension in the Elderly

IV. The Humoral Aspects of Hypertension

Pathophysiology

Etiologic Endocrine Mechanisms

V. Neurovascular Aspects of Hypertension

Baroreceptors

Vascular Reactivity

VI. Renal and Renovascular Mechanisms

VII. Volume Overload Hypertension

VIII. Miscellaneous Hypertensive Relationships

Alcohol

Contraceptives

Other Chemicals and Drugs

Diabetes

Diet, Salt, and Obesity

Gaisbock's Syndrome

Pregnancy

Quadriplegia

IX. Malignant (Accelerated) Hypertension

X. Anatomic and Clinical Consequences

Left Ventricle

Right Ventricle

XI. Measurement

XII. Detection and Diagnosis

XIII. Treatment

Special Therapeutic Considerations

Pharmacologic Therapy

Nonpharmacologic Therapy

Hypotension

Magnesium

Marfans Syndrome

Marijuana

Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome (MCLS; Kawasaki's Disease)

Muscular Dystrophy

Myocarditis

Myxedema

Obesity

Pericardium

I. Function

II. Acute Pericarditis

Etiology

Diagnosis

III. Constrictive-Effusive Pericarditis

Etiology

Clinical Aspects and Diagnosis

IV. Pericardial Effusion and Tamponade

Clinical Aspects

Diagnosis

Treatment

Peripheral Vascular Disease

I. Pathogenesis

II. Pharmacotherapy

Calcium Antagonists

Other Vasodilators

Pregnancy

Pulmonary Disease

I. Alveolar Hypoventilation

Pathophysiology

Clinical Aspects

Treatment

II. Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COPD)

Natural History

Clinical

Ventricular Function

Hemodynamics

Heart Size

Adenoids

Arrhythmias

Electrocardiogram

Echocardiogram

Pulmonary Embolism

Therapeutic Considerations

III. Drug-Induced Lung Disease

IV. Noncardiac Pulmonary Edema

V. Pulmonary Hemorrhage

VI. Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

Pathophysiology

Adaptation to Oxygen

Diagnosis

Gastrointestinal Complications

Therapy

VII. Pleural Effusion

Pulmonary Vascular Disease

I. Pulmonary Embolism (PE) and Peripheral Venous Disease

Clinical Aspects

Diagnosis

Prognosis

Treatment

II. Pulmonary Hypertension

Classification

Etiology

Pathophysiology

Diagnosis

Prognosis

Therapy

Radiation

Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Sarcoidosis

Sounds and Murmurs

Stroke

Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Thyroid

Time Intervals, Systolic and Diastolic

I. Systolic

Hemodynamic Correlation

Clinical Correlation

II. Diastolic Time Intervals

Trauma

Tumors of the Heart

Supplement I

Supplement II

Supplement III

Supplement IV

Supplement V

Supplement VI

Supplement VII

Glossary

Index


Details

No. of pages:
434
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483273570

About the Author

Gerald C. Timmis

Douglas C. Westveer