Cardiovascular Fluid Dynamics

Cardiovascular Fluid Dynamics

1st Edition - January 1, 1972

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  • Editor: D.H. Bergel
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152693

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Cardiovascular Fluid Dynamics, Volume 1 explores some problems and concepts of mammalian cardiovascular function, with emphasis on experimental studies and methods. It considers pressure measurement in experimental physiology, including the measurements of pulsatile flow, flow velocity, lengths, and dimensions; the use of control theory and systems analysis in cardiovascular dynamics; the application of computer models in cardiovascular research; the meaning and measurement of myocardial contractility; and the consequences of the steady-state analysis of arterial function. Organized into 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the mammalian cardiovascular system and the essential features of cardiovascular function. It then discusses the practical problems associated with the use of pressure transducers in physiological and cardiac laboratories, the challenges involved in pulsatile flow measurement using flowmeters and thermal devices, and the mechanical analysis of the circulatory system. It explains some computer modeling techniques used in investigating the hemodynamics of the cardiovascular system, including the heart and heart muscle; basic concepts of muscle mechanics and the mechanical properties of cardiac muscle; the fluid mechanics of heart valves; and the pressure and flow in large arteries. The book concludes with a chapter on vascular resistance and vascular input impedance. This book is intended for biologists, physical scientists, and others interested in cardiovascular physiology.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors




    Contents of Volume 2

    Chapter 1 Introduction

    Chapter 2 Pressure Measurement in Experimental Physiology

    1. Introduction

    2. Theoretical Background

    3. Types of Transducers

    4. Practical Problems in Manometry

    5. Conclusion


    Chapter 3 Measurement of Pulsatile Flow and Flow Velocity

    1. Introduction

    2. The Electromagnetic Flowmeter

    3. Ultrasonic Flowmeters

    4. Thermal Devices


    Chapter 4 The Measurement of Lengths and Dimensions

    1. Introduction

    2. General Principles

    3. Continuous Methods

    4. Semi-Continuous Methods

    5. Discontinuous Measurements


    Chapter 5 The Use of Control Theory and Systems Analysis in Cardiovascular Dynamics

    1. Control Theory and Systems Analysis

    2. Mechanical Analysis of the Circulatory System: General Considerations

    3. Openings in the Circulatory Loop

    4. Application to the Neural Control of the Circulation

    5. Concluding Remarks



    Chapter 6 Some Computer Models in Cardiovascular Research

    1. Introduction

    2. Heart and Heart Muscle

    3. Haemodynamics

    4. Models of Overall Cardiovascular Control

    5. Transport by the Bloodstream

    6. Parameter Estimation

    7. Conclusion



    Chapter 7 The Meaning and Measurement of Myocardial Contractility

    1. Nature of the Problem

    2. Basic Concepts of Muscle Mechanics

    3. Measurements of the Mechanical Properties of Cardiac Muscle

    4. The Search for a Simple Index of Contractility

    5. Contractility in the Intact Heart

    6. Summary


    Chapter 8 The Fluid Mechanics of Heart Valves

    1. Introduction

    2. The Aortic Valve

    3. The Mitral Valve

    4. Conclusion


    Chapter 9 Pressure and Flow in Large Arteries

    1. Introduction

    2. Velocity Distribution in the Aortic System of Dogs

    3. Velocity Profiles in Human Subjects

    4. The Evolution of the Waveforms of Pressure and Velocity in the Aorta

    5. Laminar and Turbulent Flow


    Chapter 10 Vascular Input Impedance

    Symbols Used in the Text

    1. Introduction

    2. Wave Reflections and Impedance in an Arterial Segment

    3. Methods of Determining Impedance

    4. Arterial Input Impedance

    5. Hydraulic Power

    6. Factors Determining the Input Impedance


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 388
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1972
  • Published: January 1, 1972
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323152693

About the Editor

D.H. Bergel

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