Cardiovascular Fluid Dynamics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120899012, 9780323152693

Cardiovascular Fluid Dynamics

1st Edition

Editors: D.H. Bergel
eBook ISBN: 9780323152693
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 388
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Description

Cardiovascular Fluid Dynamics, Volume 1 explores some problems and concepts of mammalian cardiovascular function, with emphasis on experimental studies and methods. It considers pressure measurement in experimental physiology, including the measurements of pulsatile flow, flow velocity, lengths, and dimensions; the use of control theory and systems analysis in cardiovascular dynamics; the application of computer models in cardiovascular research; the meaning and measurement of myocardial contractility; and the consequences of the steady-state analysis of arterial function. Organized into 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the mammalian cardiovascular system and the essential features of cardiovascular function. It then discusses the practical problems associated with the use of pressure transducers in physiological and cardiac laboratories, the challenges involved in pulsatile flow measurement using flowmeters and thermal devices, and the mechanical analysis of the circulatory system. It explains some computer modeling techniques used in investigating the hemodynamics of the cardiovascular system, including the heart and heart muscle; basic concepts of muscle mechanics and the mechanical properties of cardiac muscle; the fluid mechanics of heart valves; and the pressure and flow in large arteries. The book concludes with a chapter on vascular resistance and vascular input impedance. This book is intended for biologists, physical scientists, and others interested in cardiovascular physiology.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

Acknwledgements

Glossary

Contents of Volume 2

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 Pressure Measurement in Experimental Physiology

1. Introduction

2. Theoretical Background

3. Types of Transducers

4. Practical Problems in Manometry

5. Conclusion

References

Chapter 3 Measurement of Pulsatile Flow and Flow Velocity

1. Introduction

2. The Electromagnetic Flowmeter

3. Ultrasonic Flowmeters

4. Thermal Devices

References

Chapter 4 The Measurement of Lengths and Dimensions

1. Introduction

2. General Principles

3. Continuous Methods

4. Semi-Continuous Methods

5. Discontinuous Measurements

References

Chapter 5 The Use of Control Theory and Systems Analysis in Cardiovascular Dynamics

1. Control Theory and Systems Analysis

2. Mechanical Analysis of the Circulatory System: General Considerations

3. Openings in the Circulatory Loop

4. Application to the Neural Control of the Circulation

5. Concluding Remarks

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 6 Some Computer Models in Cardiovascular Research

1. Introduction

2. Heart and Heart Muscle

3. Haemodynamics

4. Models of Overall Cardiovascular Control

5. Transport by the Bloodstream

6. Parameter Estimation

7. Conclusion

Acknowledgements

References

Chapter 7 The Meaning and Measurement of Myocardial Contractility

1. Nature of the Problem

2. Basic Concepts of Muscle Mechanics

3. Measurements of the Mechanical Properties of Cardiac Muscle

4. The Search for a Simple Index of Contractility

5. Contractility in the Intact Heart

6. Summary

References

Chapter 8 The Fluid Mechanics of Heart Valves

1. Introduction

2. The Aortic Valve

3. The Mitral Valve

4. Conclusion

References

Chapter 9 Pressure and Flow in Large Arteries

1. Introduction

2. Velocity Distribution in the Aortic System of Dogs

3. Velocity Profiles in Human Subjects

4. The Evolution of the Waveforms of Pressure and Velocity in the Aorta

5. Laminar and Turbulent Flow

References

Chapter 10 Vascular Input Impedance

Symbols Used in the Text

1. Introduction

2. Wave Reflections and Impedance in an Arterial Segment

3. Methods of Determining Impedance

4. Arterial Input Impedance

5. Hydraulic Power

6. Factors Determining the Input Impedance

References

Author Index

Subject Index






Details

No. of pages:
388
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1972
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323152693

About the Editor

D.H. Bergel

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