Cardio-Oncology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128035474, 9780128035535

Cardio-Oncology

1st Edition

Principles, Prevention and Management

Authors: Roberta Gottlieb Puja Mehta
eBook ISBN: 9780128035535
Hardcover ISBN: 9780128035474
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 12th December 2016
Page Count: 356
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Description

Cardio-Oncology: Principles, Prevention and Management is a clinical volume that focuses on the basic science of cardio-oncology, addresses cardiotoxicity as a consequence of cancer therapy, and discusses prevention, diagnosis and management of cardiovascular disease in patients with cancer.

This comprehensive volume presents unique perspectives ranging from basic science to clinical medicine in the field of cardio-oncology.  It would be a valuable resource for cardiologists, oncologists, internists, and pediatricians caring for patients with cancer who have cardiovascular risk factors, as well as for cardio-oncology researchers.

Key Features

  • Covers basic science of cardio-oncology to provide readers with the necessary background
  • Addresses cardiotoxicity related to current cancer therapeutic modalities
  • Discusses diagnostic and management approaches of patients with underlying cardiac risk factors as well as otherwise healthy cancer patients

Readership

Cardiology and cancer researchers, practicing physicians (cardiologists, oncologists, internists), medical toxicologists, medical students, nurses, clinical residents and fellows, and companies that develop anti-cancer drugs and cardiovascular drugs

Table of Contents

  • Foreword
  • List of Contributors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1: Current Trends in Cancer Therapy
    • Abstract
    • PI3K/AKT pathway
    • mTOR pathway
    • Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway
    • EGFR pathway
    • Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2
    • Anaplastic lymphoma kinase pathway
    • Antiangiogenic agents
    • VEGF pathway
    • Immunotherapy
    • Cyclin dependent kinases and their pathways
    • Poly ADP ribose polymerase inhibition
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 2: Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Anthracycline Cardiotoxicity: Challenges in Cardio-Oncology
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Impaired redox signaling
    • Iron overload in mitochondria
    • Calcium overload in mitochondria
    • Altered mitochondrial dynamics in anthracyclines
    • Respiratory defects and altered metabolism in anthracycline cardiotoxicity
    • Autophagy in anthracycline cardiotoxicity
    • Deregulated molecular signaling pathways in anthracycline cardiotoxicity
    • Gender-specific cardiotoxic effects of anthracycline
    • Anthracyclines and cardiac remodeling
    • Strategies to prevent doxorubicin cardiotoxicity
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 3: Common Pathways in Cancer, Tumor Angiogenesis and Vascular Disease
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Hedgehog signaling
    • Notch signaling
    • Vascular targets for chemotherapy—angiogenesis
    • Vascular targets for chemotherapy—vasculogenic mimicry
    • Vascular targets for chemotherapy—microvesicular trafficking
    • Vascular targets for chemotherapy—vessel maturation
    • Hedgehog and cancer biology
    • Hedgehog inhibitors in cancer therapy
    • Hedgehog and vascular biology
    • Notch signaling and tumor biology
    • Notch inhibitors
    • Notch signaling and vascular biology
    • Chemotherapy and vascular disease
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 4: Molecular Mechanisms of Anthracycline-Induced Cardiotoxicity
    • Abstract
    • Historical and clinical perspectives
    • Risk factors
    • Molecular mechanisms of DOX mediated cardiotoxicity
    • Strategies to limit anthracycline toxicities
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 5: Cardiotoxic Effects of Anti-VEGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Angiogenesis: a two-edged sword
    • Vascular endothelial growth factor and VEGFR signaling pathway
    • Mechanisms of action of tyrosine kinase inhibitors targeting VEGFR
    • Cardiotoxic effects by antiangiogenic drugs
    • Anti-VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 6: Role of Novel Imaging Techniques in Detection of Chemotoxicity: Cardiac Magnetic Resonance and Radionuclide Imaging
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Current imaging guidelines for the detection of cardiotoxicity
    • Radionuclide imaging
    • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
    • Emerging techniques
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 7: Cardiotoxicity Induced by Anticancer Drugs—the Role of Biomarkers
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Anticancer drugs and cardiac toxicity
    • Detection of cardiac toxicity
    • Prevention of cardiac toxicity
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 8: Myocardial Ischemia and Cancer Therapy
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Radiation induced ischemic heart disease
    • Chemotherapy-induced ischemic heart disease
    • Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)
    • Cancer cohort studies—ischemic heart disease
    • Monitoring and treatment of ischemic cardiac toxicity
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 9: Radiation Therapy and Cardiovascular Risk
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Mechanism of cardiovascular injury in the setting of radiation therapy
    • Cardiovascular risk by disease site
    • Treatment recommendations
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 10: Identification of At-Risk Patients and Comorbidities That Increase Risk
    • Abstract
    • Cancer and cardiovascular disease
    • Overlapping risk factors
    • Chemotherapy and heart disease risk
    • Risk factors specific to representative chemotherapies
    • Risk factors specific to radiotherapy
    • Biomarkers in the identification of radiation-induced cardiotoxicity
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 11: Late Cardiac Effects in Childhood Cancer Survivors
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Anthracycline and anthracycline-like agents
    • Thoracic radiation
    • Risk factors of cardiotoxicity
    • Risk assessment and screening for cardiotoxicity
    • Preventing and treating cardiotoxicity
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 12: Chemotherapy-Induced Amenorrhea and Menopause: Cardiovascular Implications
    • Abstract
    • Menopause
    • Chemotherapy-induced menopause
    • Chemotherapy and the ovaries
    • The cardiovascular consequences of menopause
    • Considerations of cardiovascular disease and complications due to chemotherapy-induced menopause
    • Menopause treatment options
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 13: Cancer and Physical Activity
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Physical activity
    • Physical activity during cancer treatment
    • Complementary strategies
    • Evaluation of physical capacity
    • Cardiopulmonary reserve in cancer
    • Autonomic dysfunction
    • Functional capacity in cancer
    • Diastolic function
    • Anemia
    • Benefits of exercise
    • Barriers to exercise
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 14: Statins in Cardio-Oncology
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Background
    • Statins and cancer
    • Statins and mortality among cancer patients
    • Statins in oncology population
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 15: Coordinating Cardio-Oncology Care
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Cancer and heart disease
    • Cardio-oncology: an emerging multidisciplinary field
    • Establishment of a cardio-oncology program
    • Education of healthcare providers: training and fellowship programs
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 16: Assessment of Cardiovascular Risk Beyond Lipid Panel in Cardio-Oncology Patients
    • Abstract
    • Coronary artery disease and coronary artery calcification
    • Highly sensitive C-reactive protein
    • Carotid atherosclerosis and intimal medial thickness
    • Peripheral atherosclerosis and ankle-brachial index
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 17: Hypertension and Cancer
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Epidemiology
    • Diagnosis
    • Pathophysiology
    • Chemotherapy-induced HTN
    • Steroid-induced HTN
    • Erythropoietin-induced HTN
    • Nonpharmacologic therapy induced HTN
    • Tumor-related HTN
    • Management and treatment
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 18: Pulmonary Hypertension and Cancer
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Definition of PH
    • Classification of pulmonary hypertension
    • Cancer and PAH
    • Chemotherapeutic agents and PAH
    • Cancer chemotherapeutic agents with potential to treat or prevent PAH
    • Role of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI’s) in PAH
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 19: The Role of Echocardiography in the Detection of Chemotherapy-Induced Cardiotoxicities
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Standard echocardiographic viewing planes
    • Evaluating left ventricular ejection fraction
    • 3D echo
    • Calculating ejection fraction
    • Diastolic dysfunction
    • Right ventricular function
    • Echocardiographic evaluation of pulmonary pressures
    • Strain echo for cardiotoxicity
    • Recommended diagnostic algorithm
    • Transesophageal echocardiography
    • Stress echocardiography
    • Valvular dysfunction
    • Pericardial disease
    • Contrast use during echocardiographic examinations
    • Limitations
    • Conclusions
    • Conflicts
  • Chapter 20: Principles of Cancer Rehabilitation
    • Abstract
    • Introduction/history of cancer rehabilitation
    • Cancer-related fatigue and role of therapeutic exercise
    • Cancer-related cognitive impairment
    • Rehabilitation approach to pain in the patient with cancer
    • Lymphedema
    • Rehabilitation principles in the patient with breast cancer
    • Radiation fibrosis syndrome
    • Management of peripheral neuropathy and balance impairment
    • Conclusions
    • Acknowledgment
  • Chapter 21: Management of Advanced Heart Failure in a Cancer Patient
    • Abstract
    • Case
    • Effect of advanced heart failure on cardiac risk of oncologic surgeries
  • Chapter 22: Heart Transplantation and Left Ventricular Assist Devices in Cancer Survivors
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Epidemiology and clinical features of therapy-induced cardiomyopathies
    • Role of mechanical circulatory support in cancer survivors
    • Heart transplantation in cancer survivors
    • De novo malignancies after heart transplantation
    • Cancer survivors as organ donors
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter 23: Chemotherapy-Associated Arrhythmias
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Atrial fibrillation
    • Anthracyclines
    • Cardiac toxicity
    • Electrophysiologic toxicity
    • Antimetabolites
    • Alkylating agents
    • HER2-targeting agents and tyrosine kinase inhibitors
    • Antimicrotubule agents
    • Arsenic trioxide
    • Thalidomide
    • Histone deacetylase inhibitors
    • Interleukin-2
    • Amsacrine
    • Conclusions
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
356
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2017
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128035535
Hardcover ISBN:
9780128035474

About the Author

Roberta Gottlieb

Roberta Gottlieb

Dr. Gottlieb has been conducting NIH-funded cardiovascular research for the past 20 years. She has prior experience with The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI); SDSU where she became the first Director of the Donald P. Shiley BioScience Center, and currently as the Director of Molecular Cardiobiology at Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute.

The work in her lab has led to the discovery of the cardioprotective agents and the elucidation of their novel mechanism of action. Her expertise in cardioprotection and autophagy is recognized on a national and international level.

Dr. Gottlieb is also an entrepreneur, having started a biotechnology company called Radical Therapeutix, to develop drugs to mitigate the damage to the heart during myocardial infarction. Dr. Gottlieb received her B.S. and M.D. degrees from Johns Hopkins University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Medicine, Director of Molecular Cardiobiology, Dorothy and E. Phillip Lyon Chair in Molecular Cardiology, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Barbra Streisand Women’s Heart Center

Puja Mehta

Puja Mehta

Dr. Mehta, MD, FACC is Director of the Non-invasive Vascular Function Research Laboratory in the Barbra Streisand Women's Heart Center at the Cedars-Sinai's Heart Institute. She is also Co-Director of the Cardio-Oncology Program, a clinic dedicated to the heart health of women after cancer treatment.

Dr. Mehta is board certified in internal medicine and cardiovascular diseases and board-eligible in echocardiography and nuclear cardiology. She is a member of the American Heart Association, the American Society for Preventive Cardiology and the American College of Cardiology, where she is also a fellow. In addition to academic success, she has received numerous awards including the prestigious New Jersey Foundation Humanism in Medicine Award. She has published her research in peer-reviewed journals and presented at national cardiology meetings. Dr. Mehta's research is National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded and includes the role of mental stress in heart disease, exploring the brain-heart connection and new approaches to treating chest pain in women.

Dr. Mehta’s Scival Overall Research Performance 2009-2013: 30 Publications, 245 Citations, 1.64 Field-Weighted Citation Impact, 8.2 Citations per Publication

The editors state that “We will probably enlist 2-3 more editors in order to balance the perspective, probably Melissa Hudson (oncologist) and Javid Mohslehi” and “a hypertension expert (possibly Ron Victor)” as a result of the reviewer feedback.

Affiliations and Expertise

Emory Clinical Cardiovascular Research Institute

Reviews

"This is a detailed guide to cancer and the heart...The book has valuable illustrations describing different molecular mechanisms, which makes it an important reference to help with complex cardio-oncology cases. Score: 91- 4 Stars" --Doody's

Ratings and Reviews