Carbon - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483198354, 9781483223384


1st Edition

Proceedings of the Fourth Conference

Authors: Unknown Author
eBook ISBN: 9781483223384
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1960
Page Count: 790
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Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Carbon is a collection of manuscripts presented at the Fourth Conference on Carbon, held at the University of Buffalo on June 15-19, 1959, jointly sponsored by the American Carbon Committee and the University of Buffalo. The contributors explore the manufacture, properties, and use of carbonaceous materials. This book is organized into five parts encompassing 79 chapters. Parts I and II describe the surface and electronic properties, adsorption, and reactivity of carbonaceous materials, including carbon black, activated carbon, coal, and graphite. These parts also cover reactions such as thermal oxidation, gasification, and catalysis. Part III highlights the processes of carbonization, graphitization, and crystallite growth of carbon, while Part IV examines their mechanical and thermal properties. Part V looks into the raw materials used for the manufacture of certain carbon materials and the influence of several properties, including porosity and density.
Organic chemists and carbon scientists and researchers will find this book invaluable.

Table of Contents

Part I Surface Properties, Adsorption and Reactivity

The Structure of Activated Carbon and Adsorption-Extension Behavior

Adsorption Swelling of Saran Charcoal

Alteration of Surface Characteristics of Graphite by Adsorbed Gases

Heats of Wetting of Carbons Prepared from Low Rank Coals

The Preparation and Study of Evaporated Carbon Films

The Theoretical Calculation of the Heat of Adsorption for Gases Physically Adsorbed on Carbon Surfaces

Structure of Activated Carbons and Adsorption from Solution

The Effect of Surface Complexes on Adsorption from the Liquid Phase by Carbon Black

The Role of Carbon Black in the Thermal Oxidation of Poryolefins

Physical Adsorption and the Surface Areas of Carbon Blacks

Influence of Hydrogen Content on Oxidation of Carbon Blacks

A Preliminary Study of Surface Oxide Produced by Reaction of Carbon and Carbon Dioxide

The Gasification of Carbon in Carbon Dioxide and other Gases at Temperatures above 900°C

On the Role of Surface Oxides in the Graphite-Oxygen Reaction

Effects Catalytiques un Cours de lOxydation du Graphite par l'Air

Volatile Catalysts for the Reaction of Carbon with Carbon Dioxide

Catalysis by Alkali-metal Salts in Carbon Gasification Reactions

Quenched-in Lattice Defects in Graphite

Electron Microscope Studies of Graphite Single Crystals

The Energy Exchange Between Argon and a Hot Graphite Surface

Retention of Protons by Graphite

Ternary Lamellar Compounds of Lithium or Sodium with Graphite

The Disruption of Carbon Compositions by Alkali Attack

Part II Electronic Properties

Relation between Electron Energy Band Structure and the Properties of Graphite

Fermi Surfaces in Graphite Determined from a de Haas-Van Alphen Type Effect

Magnetic Susceptibility of a Two-dimensional Electron Gas with an Energy Proportional to kn

Spin Resonance of Charge Carriers in Graphite

Electron Spin Resonance of Broken Carbon Bonds

The Electronic Structure of the Boundary Atoms of a Graphite Layer

Acceptor and Donor Impurities in Graphite

Electrical Properties of Carbon Surfaces

Semiconduction in Nickel-Doped Polymer Carbons

Carrier Behavior in Nickel-Doped Polymer Carbons

Double Magnetic Resonance of Fluids Adsorbed in Coals

g-Anisotropy and Line Broadening of Electron Spin Resonance in Chars

Part III Carbonization, Graphitization and Structure

Some Novel Carbonaceous Polymers

The Effect of Carbon Blacks on the Free Radical Thermal Polymerization of Styrene

On the Mechanism of the Carbonization of Benzene, Acetylene and Diacetylene at 1200°C

The Formation of Carbon from Polyvinylidene Chloride

Spectra and the Constitution of Coal and Derivatives

Carbonization Studies on Powders and Single Crystals of Vat Dyes

Croissance des Dimensions des Domaines Cristallins au Cours de la Graphitation du Carbone

Importance of Double Bragg Reflections in the Small Angle Scattering from Carbon

On the Sub-structure and the Crystallite Growth in Carbon

Dislocations in Graphite

Graphitization Stresses and Dislocations in Poly crystalline Carbon

On the Crystallite Growth of Carbon

Crystallographic and Physical Changes of Some Carbons upon Oxidation and Heat Treatmemt

A Novel Amorphous Carbon

Part IV Mechanical and Thermal Properties

The Spectral and Integrated Emissivity of Carbon and Graphite

Studies of Thermal Conductivity of Polycrystalline Graphite at High Temperature

The Mechanical Strength of Pyrolytic Graphite

The Effect of Atmosphere on the Strength of Graphite

Observations on the High-Temperature Elastic and Inelastic Properties of Polycrystalline Graphites

Tensile and Creep Behavior of Graphites above 3000°F

Evaluation of a Tension Test for Brittle Materials

High Temperature Physical Properties of Molded Graphites

Thermal Expansion of Pitch Bonded Carbons

Dependence of Thermal Expansion of Bonded Carbons on the Heat-Treatment Temperature

Elastic Constants and Permanent Set in Carbons and Graphite at Room Temperature

The Velocity and Attenuation of Sound in Carbons

An Interpretation of the Mechanical Behavior of Carbons

The Problems Raised by the Influence of Neutron Irradiation on the Stress-Strain Relationships of Graphite

High Temperature Radiation Induced Contraction in Graphite

Part V Carbon Technology, Friction and Wear

Synthetic Binders for Carbon and Graphite

Investigation of Synthetic Binders by Differential Thermal Analysis and Dilatometry

Prediction of Optimum Binder Content of a Carbon Mixing by Use of the Mercury Porosimeter

The Dependence of the Properties of Graphite on Porosity

Dependence of the Density ond Other Properties of Bonded Carbons on the Binder Proportion in the Green Mix

Effect of Impregnation and Heat Treatment on the Physical Properties of Graphite

Some Factors Affecting the Anisotropy of Extruded Carbon

Microscopy and Structures of Brush Carbons

Boron Carbide in the Graphitization of the Lampblack Carbon Brush Constituent

Wear and Friction of Carbon Brushes as a Function of Air Humidity

Behavior of Carbon Brushes in Dry and Wet Atmosphere

Elementary Processes of Graphite Wear

The Mechanical Properties and Friction of Carbon and Graphite at High Temperatures

Fine Grinding of Artificial Graphite

Properties of Molded Ceylon Natural Graphite

Author Index

Subject Index


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