Description

Magnetism is one of the most intriguing phenomena observed in nature. Magnetism is relevant to physics and geology, biology and chemistry. Traditional magnets, an ubiquitous part of many everyday gadgets, are made of heavy iron- or nickel based materials. Recently there have been reports on the observation of magnetism in carbon, a very light and biocompatible element. Metal-free carbon structures exhibiting magnetic ordering represent a new class of materials and open a novel field of research that could lead to many new technologies.

Key Features

· The most complete, detailed, and accurate Guide in the magnetism of carbon · Dynamically written by the leading experts · Deals with recent scientific highlights · Gathers together chemists and physicists, theoreticians and experimentalists · Unified treatment rather than a series of individually authored papers · Description of genuine organic molecular ferromagnets · Unique description of new carbon materials with Curie temperatures well above ambient.

Readership

Physicists, Chemists and Biologists.

Table of Contents

Editors Preface
Foreword
1. Localized Spins Exchange-coupled with Itinerant Electrons in Organic &pgr;-electronic System (T. Sugawara and M.M. Matsushita)
2. Magneto-structural Correlations in @pgr;-Conjugated Nitroxide-based Radicals: Hydrogen-bonds and Related Interactions in Molecular Organic Solids (P.M. Lahti)
3. Persistent High-spin Organic Polyradicals (H. Murata and H. Nishide)
4. Verdazyl-based Magnetic Systems (K. Mukai)
5. Quantum Spin Magnetism in Nitroxide-based Compounds (Y. Hosokoshi and K. Inoue)
6. The Magnetism of &pgr;-Orbitals under Pressure (K. Takeda and M. Mito)
7. Spin Density Distribution and Interaction Mechanisms in Thiazyl-based Magnets (J. Campo, J. Luzón, F. Palacio, and J. Rawson)
8. Magnetic Bistability in Molecule-based Magnetic Materials (K. Awaga, W. Fujita, T. Tanaka, H. Matsuzaki, and H. Okamoto)
9. The Nature of Effective Exchange Interaction (K. Yamaguchi, S. Yamanaka, and Y. Kitagawa)
10. Magnetism of Fullerene Charge-transfer Complexes (A. Omerzu and M. Tokumoto)
11. Diamagnetism of Diamond and Graphite (A.V. Nikolaev and B. Verberck)
12. Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Nanographites (K. Wakabayashi)
13. Flat-band Ferromagnetism in Organic Crystals (K. Kusakabe)
14. Magnetism in Nanometer-scale Materials that Contain No Magnetic Elements (A. Oshiyama and S. Okada)
15. Interactions and Disorder in 2D Graphite Sheets (F. Guinea, M.P. López-Sancho, and M.A.H. Vozmediano)
16. The Magnetic Nature of Intrinsic and Irradiation-induced Defects in Carbon Systems (P.O. Lehtinen, A.V. Krasheninnikov, A.S. Foster, and R.M. Nieminen)
17. Unconventional Magnetic Properties of Nanographite (T. Enoki and K. Takai)
18.

Details

No. of pages:
576
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2006
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Electronic ISBN:
9780080460376
Print ISBN:
9780444519474
Print ISBN:
9780444559906

About the editors

Tatiana Makarova

Tatiana Makarova’s research interests are in carbon-60 solids. In 2001, as a member of an international team from Sweden, Germany, Brazil and Russia she found a small ferromagnetic signal in a polymerized form of fullerene. This experiment proved to be the catalyst for the current interest in magnetic carbon.

Fernando Palacio

Fernando Palacio is Professor of Research of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas at the Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón and member of the Condensed Matter Physics Department at the University of Zaragoza. His research interests are in molecular magnetism, the magnetism of disordered antiferromagnets and magnetic nanocomposites, where he has published over two hundred research articles and edited two books.