Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization

1st Edition - April 30, 2011

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  • Editors: James Daun, N A Michael Eskin, Dave Hickling
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780981893655
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128043486

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This book gives a complete picture of the canola crop including its history, botany, genetics, distribution, breeding and biotechnology, production, processing, composition, nutritional properties and utilization of the seed, oil and meal, as well as an economic profile. While the main focus in this book is on canola of Canadian origin, its cousin crop oilseed rape will also be discussed to a lesser extent. The work provides up-to-date information on the crop and highlights areas where research and development is either needed or is in process.

Key Features

  • Provides extensive information on the canola plant, including breeding, genetic engineering for trait development, and seed morphology and composition
  • Editors and contributors are global leaders in canola research and application
  • Offers a comprehensive overview of canola oil and meal composition, nutrition, and utilization


food scientists, food and feed engineers, plant breeders, agronomists

Table of Contents

    • Dedication
    • Preface
    • Chapter 1: Origin, Distribution, and Production
      • Introduction
    • Chapter 2: Botany and Plant Breeding
      • Introduction
      • Evolution and Taxonomy of Brassica Oilseeds
      • Improvement of BOS through Plant Breeding
    • Chapter 3: Genetic Engineering Approaches for Trait Development in Brassica Oilseed Species
      • Introduction
      • Herbicide Resistance
      • Insect Resistance
      • Disease Resistance
      • Increasing Tolerance to Abiotic Stress
      • Designer Oils
      • Increasing Seed Oil Content
      • Production of Antioxidants, Vitamins, and Nutraceuticals
      • Production of Value-Added Amino Acids and Proteins
      • Reducing Undesirable Components and Characteristics
      • Mutagenesis Approaches to Trait Development
      • Strategies to Limit Outcrossing and Eliminate Selectable Marker Genes
      • Advances in the “Omics” Facilitate Improvement of BOS
      • Conclusions
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 4: Agronomy
      • Introduction
      • Planning before Planting
      • Canola Genetics
      • Variety Selection
      • Field Characteristics and Preparation
      • Seeding Considerations
      • Crop Nutrition
      • How the Canola Plant Grows
      • Harvest Management
      • Storage Considerations
    • Chapter 5: Seed Morphology, Composition, and Quality
      • Introduction
      • Seed Morphology
      • Physical Properties of Canola and Rapeseed
      • Chemical Composition of Canola and Rapeseed
      • Effect of the Environment on Composition of Canola Seed
      • Grading Factors for Canola
      • Appendix—Methods for Seed Analysis
    • Chapter 6: Processing
      • Introduction
      • Crushing and Extraction
      • Cooking
      • Canola Oil Refining
    • Chapter 7: Oil Composition and Properties
      • Introduction
      • Definition and Standards for Canola
      • Composition
      • Physical and Chemical Properties
      • Major Food Uses
      • Conclusions and Outlook
    • Chapter 8: Meal Nutrient Composition
      • Introduction
      • Protein and Amino Acids
      • Rumen Degradability
      • Oil
      • Carbohydrates and Fiber
      • Minerals
      • Vitamins
      • Energy
      • Glucosinolates
      • Other Minor Components
      • Nutrient Comparison of Canola Meal from Different Sources
      • Nutritional Composition of Canola Expeller Meal
    • Chapter 9: Oil Nutrition and Utilization
      • Introduction
      • Nutritional Effects of Canola Oil—Direct Evidence from Canola Oil Research
      • Effects of Canola Oil on Blood Lipids
      • Effects of Canola Oil on Other Heart Health Effects
      • Nutritional Effects of Components of Canola Oil—Indirect Evidence
      • Utilization of Canola Oil in Food
      • Utilization of Canola Oil in Industrial Products
      • High Erucic Acid Rapeseed
      • Canola Oil as an Oleochemical
      • Conclusions
    • Chapter 10: Meal Nutrition and Utilization
      • Introduction
      • Canola Meal Characteristics and Applications for Edible (Human) Food Applications
      • Canola Meal Characteristics and Applications for Animal Feed Applications
    • Chapter 11: Industry Trade and Economics
      • The Canola Industry in Canada
      • World Canola/Rapeseed Supply and Demand
      • World Trade
      • Price Determination of Canola in Canada
      • Useful Websites Offering Reliable Information on Oilseed and Oilseed Product Prices
    • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 432
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press and AOCS Press 2011
  • Published: April 30, 2011
  • Imprint: Academic Press and AOCS Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780981893655
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128043486

About the Editors

James Daun

Before his retirement in 2006, Jim Daun was Section Head, Oilseeds and Pulses, Canadian Grain Commission, Grain Research Laboratory, where he published over 200 research papers in the area of the quality of Canadian grains and oilseeds. He obtained his Ph.D. in 1975 at the University of Manitoba, Department of Plant ­Science, where he worked on the chemistry of rapeseed and canola. Daun is a long-time AOCS member and was AOCS president in 1997. He has been made an AOCS Fellow and has received the ADM award, the H. Dutton award, and the Bailey award. Daun was named an Eminent Scientist by the International Rapeseed Research Association (G.C.I.R.C.) in 2006. He also chaired the Canadian Advisory Committees for ISO/TC34/SC2 (oilseeds) and SC11 (fats and oils) and was active for most of his career on the Canadian committees recommending registration of new oilseed varieties. In 2002, Daun was awarded the Queen’s Jubilee medal for his work in standards development. Since retirement, Daun has continued a small consulting business, AgriAnalytical Consulting.

Affiliations and Expertise

Owner, Agri-Analytical Consulting, Winnipeg, Canada

N A Michael Eskin

N A Michael Eskin
Dr. Michael N.A. Eskin, a former Chair and Associate Dean, is a professor in the Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences in the Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences at the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada. He is the recipient of many prestigious awards for his lipid research including the Stephen S. Chang Award by the Institute of Food Technologists, the Supelco AOCS Research Award, Stephen S. Chang award, Alton E. Bailey medal, Herbert J. Dutton Award and the Timothy L. Mounts Award by the American Oil Chemists' Society, and the William J. Eva Award by the Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology. In 2016, he was awarded the Order of Canada for his significant contributions to the success of the Canadian canola oil industry. He has authored and edited 17 books, 65 chapters and over 145 papers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Dave Hickling

Dave Hickling is Vice President, Canola Utilization at the Canola Council of Canada. In this role, he manages canola utilization activity related to research and market development. Prior to joining the Canola Council of Canada in 2002, Hickling worked for the Canadian International Grains Institute from 1990 to 2002, as Director of Feed Technology. From 1981 to 1989, Hickling worked for Cargill Ltd. in their Nutrena Feeds Division, in feed sales, and as Senior Nutritionist in Canada.

Dave received a B.Sc. degree in biochemistry in 1976 and a M.Sc. degree in poultry and fish nutrition in 1981 from the University of British Columbia (Vancouver, BC, Canada). He received a Ph.D. in poultry nutrition (biological modeling) in 1990 from the University of Manitoba.

Affiliations and Expertise

Vice President, Canola Utilization at the Canola Council of Canada

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