Cancers in the Urban Environment

Cancers in the Urban Environment

How Malignant Diseases Are Caused and Distributed among the Diverse People and Neighborhoods of a Major Global Metropolis

2nd Edition - December 2, 2020

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  • Author: Thomas Mack
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128117453
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128117460

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Description

Cancers in the Urban Environment: How Malignant Diseases Are Caused and Distributed among the Diverse People and Neighborhoods of a Major Global Metropolis, Second Edition, provides a detailed description of the occurrence of common forms of cancer in the ethnically, socially and environmentally complex milieu of a modern urban complex. The location is Los Angeles County, and the patterns of 72 different malignancies are described according to race, age, sex, social class calendar time (since 1972) and most notably, individual neighborhood, using detailed maps of high risk. This second edition uses twice as many cases and more demographic diversity. Physicians and scientific investigators in California and elsewhere can use the material provided to counsel patients and evaluate the consistency of any specific pattern of occurrence with each specific causal hypothesis. A detailed appendix describes the source of data, provides the basis for the choices made in the production of the volume, and gives a perspective on the search for "clusters" of malignancy.

Key Features

  • Compares different types of cancers with respect to the degree of non-random occurrence
  • Contains numerous maps detailing the demographic and geographic pattern of cancer occurrence in Los Angeles County
  • Provides an empirical perspective on the search for disease "clusters"

Readership

Cancer researchers; epidemiologists; chronic disease investigators; environmental scientists; local and national government public health agencies

Table of Contents

  • 1. What Cancers Are
    2. Environmental and Other Causes of Cancer
    3. Resources Used to Detect Local Increases in Risk
    4. Methods Used to Detect Local Increases in Risk
    5. Errors Due to Chance
    6. Comparison Between "Apples" and "Oranges"
    7. Failure to Detect Local Increases in Risk
    8. Investigating a Lead
    9. Guide to the Figures
    10. Interpretation
    11. Scientific and Technical Notes
    12. Oropharyngeal Carcinoma
    13. Salivary Gland Malignancies
    14. Squamous Carcinoma of the Esophagus/Gastric Cardia
    15. Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus/Gastric Cardia
    16. Adenocarcinoma of the (Lower) Stomach
    17. Carcinoma of the Small Intestine
    18. Colon Carcinoma, Total (Both Upper and Sigmoid)
    19. Carcinoma of the Upper Colon
    20. Carcinoma of the Sigmoid Colon
    21. Carcinoma of the Rectum
    22. Hepatocellular Carcinoma
    23. Cholangiocarcinoma
    24. Gallbladder Carcinoma
    25. Biliary Tract Carcinoma
    26. Pancreas Carcinoma
    27. Carcinoma of the Nose/Sinuses
    28. Carcinoma of the Larynx
    29. Lung and Bronchus Carcinoma, Total (All Types)
    30. Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lung and Bronchus
    31. Large Cell carcinoma of the Lung and Bronchus
    32. Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung and Bronchus
    33. Adenocarcinoma of the Lung and Bronchus
    34. Bronchioloalveolar Carcinoma of the Lung and Bronchus
    35. Undifferentiated Carcinoma of the Lung and Bronchus
    36. Carcinoma of the Lung and Bronchus, Not Otherwise Classified
    37. Mesothelioma
    38. Soft Tissue Sarcoma
    39. Angiosarcoma
    40. Kaposi Sarcoma
    41. Osteosarcoma
    42. Ewing's Sarcoma
    43. Malignant Chordoma
    44. Malignant Melanoma
    45. Breast Carcinoma
    46. Squamous Cervix Carcinoma (Invasive)
    47. Endometrial (Uterine Corpus) Carcinoma
    48. Epithelial Carcinoma of the Ovary
    49. Germ Cell Malignancies
    50. Prostate Carcinoma
    51. Anogenital Adenocarcinoma
    52. Anogenital Squamous Carcinoma
    53. Mixed Cell Genital Tumors
    54. Transitional Cell (Non-Squamous) Bladder Carcinoma
    55. Squamous Bladder Carcinoma
    56. Renal Cell Carcinoma
    57. Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma)
    58. Retinoblastoma
    59. Brain Malignancies (Gliomas)
    60. Spinal Cord Malignancies
    61. Neurolemoma (Nerve Sheath Malignancy)
    62. Neuroblastoma
    63. Malignant Meningioma
    64. Papillary Carcinoma of the Thyroid
    65. Follicular Carcinoma of the Thyroid
    66. Other Carcinoma of the Thyroid
    67. Pituitary Carcinoma
    68. Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia
    69. Carcinoma of the Thymus
    70. Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma
    71. Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma
    72. Other Hodgkin Lymphoma
    73. All Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (All Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Types)
    74. Follicular Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    75. Diffuse Large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    76. Diffuse Small Lymphocytic or Plasmacytic B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    77. Diffuse Mixed B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    78. High-Grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    79. T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    80. Maltoma Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    81. Other Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    82. Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (All Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Types)
    83. Stomach Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (All Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Types)
    84. Other Gastrointestinal Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (All Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Types)
    85. Lymph Node/Other Organ Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (All Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Types)
    86. Multiple Myeloma
    87. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
    88. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
    89. Hairy Cell Leukemia
    90. Acute Non-Lymphocytic Leukemia
    91. Chronic Myelocytic Leukemia
    92. Other Leukemias
    93. All Malignancies of Infants/Toddlers
    94. All Malignancies of Older Children
    95. All Malignancies of Young Adults
    96. All Malignancies of Older Adults
    97. All Malignancies
    98. Overall Summary

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1148
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2020
  • Published: December 2, 2020
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128117453
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128117460

About the Author

Thomas Mack

Thomas M. Mack is an internationally renowned researcher specialized in the life style factors related to the development of cancer. He is founder of International Twin Registry, a continent-wide series of comparisons between patients with chronic diseases and their unaffected twins; and California Twin Program, an analogous program of studies among twins who differ in lifestyle or personal exposures and experiences.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Southern California Comprehensive Cancer Center, Los Angeles, USA and Professor of Preventive Medicine and Pathology, Former Director of Los Angeles County Cancer Surveillance Program

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