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Can Governments Learn? American Foreign Policy and Central American Revolutions examines U.S. foreign policy toward revolutions which use Marxist rhetoric, receive material aid from the Soviet Union, and are directed against a repressive government that has been the beneficiary of substantial material and political assistance from the United States. The case material is drawn from the history of American policy in Latin America; the 1954 overthrow of a leftist government in Guatemala; the evolution of Cuban policy from 1958 to 1962; and the repetition of similar policies in the 1980s. This book is comprised of seven chapters and begins by reviewing the history of America's failed Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961, Operation MONGOOSE, and the Cuban nuclear confrontation crisis of 1962. The successful use of the Bay of Pigs model in 1954 (against a government in Guatemala) is examined, along with the U.S. government's contract with the Mafia to assassinate Premier Fidel Castro at the time of the Bay of Pigs invasion. The following chapters look at three vectors reflecting the blockage of government learning: the adoption of similar policies across historical encounters; the repetition of collectively self-blocking behavior within the national security decision process; and the repetition of a common syndrome of errors in judgment and perception. The final chapter analyzes American foreign policy toward Central America in the 1980s and offers suggestions to improve the foreign policy learning rate. This monograph will be of interest to diplomats, politicians, political scientists, and others concerned with international relations.
List of Tables
Chapter 1 Plans, a Battle and Failure
Chapter 2 Reality and the Policy Process: Nine Stories
Chapter 3 Executive Branch Lessons, Mongoose, and the Missile Crisis
Chapter 4 Blocked Learning in the Executive Branch
Chapter 5 System-Constrained Learning
Chapter 6 Dual-Track Decision Making and the American Foreign Policy System
Chapter 7 Return Engagement: The 1980's
About the Author
- No. of pages:
- © Pergamon 1985
- 1st January 1985
- eBook ISBN: