COVID-19 Update: We are currently shipping orders daily. However, due to transit disruptions in some geographies, deliveries may be delayed. To provide all customers with timely access to content, we are offering 50% off Science and Technology Print & eBook bundle options. Terms & conditions.
Can Governments Learn? - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080324012, 9781483140445

Can Governments Learn?

1st Edition

American Foreign Policy and Central American Revolutions

0.0 star rating Write a review
Author: Lloyd S. Etheredģe
Editors: Richard Brody Norman J. Ornstein Paul E. Peterson
eBook ISBN: 9781483140445
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1985
Page Count: 240
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST
Price includes VAT/GST

Institutional Subscription

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.


Can Governments Learn? American Foreign Policy and Central American Revolutions examines U.S. foreign policy toward revolutions which use Marxist rhetoric, receive material aid from the Soviet Union, and are directed against a repressive government that has been the beneficiary of substantial material and political assistance from the United States. The case material is drawn from the history of American policy in Latin America; the 1954 overthrow of a leftist government in Guatemala; the evolution of Cuban policy from 1958 to 1962; and the repetition of similar policies in the 1980s. This book is comprised of seven chapters and begins by reviewing the history of America's failed Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961, Operation MONGOOSE, and the Cuban nuclear confrontation crisis of 1962. The successful use of the Bay of Pigs model in 1954 (against a government in Guatemala) is examined, along with the U.S. government's contract with the Mafia to assassinate Premier Fidel Castro at the time of the Bay of Pigs invasion. The following chapters look at three vectors reflecting the blockage of government learning: the adoption of similar policies across historical encounters; the repetition of collectively self-blocking behavior within the national security decision process; and the repetition of a common syndrome of errors in judgment and perception. The final chapter analyzes American foreign policy toward Central America in the 1980s and offers suggestions to improve the foreign policy learning rate. This monograph will be of interest to diplomats, politicians, political scientists, and others concerned with international relations.

Table of Contents

List of Tables



Chapter 1 Plans, a Battle and Failure

Chapter 2 Reality and the Policy Process: Nine Stories

Chapter 3 Executive Branch Lessons, Mongoose, and the Missile Crisis

Chapter 4 Blocked Learning in the Executive Branch

Chapter 5 System-Constrained Learning

Chapter 6 Dual-Track Decision Making and the American Foreign Policy System

Chapter 7 Return Engagement: The 1980's


About the Author


No. of pages:
© Pergamon 1985
1st January 1985
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Lloyd S. Etheredģe

About the Editors

Richard Brody

Norman J. Ornstein

Paul E. Peterson

Ratings and Reviews