California Archaeology

California Archaeology

1st Edition - April 1, 1984

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  • Author: Michael J. Moratto
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277356

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Description

California Archaeology provides a compilation of knowledge for archeologists who are not California specialists. This book explains important cultural events and patterns discovered archeologically. Organized into 11 chapters, this book begins with an overview of California's historic and ancient environments as well as the evidence of Pleistocene human activity. This text then examines the glacial and other environmental conditions that would have influenced the origins, adaptations, and spread of the earliest North Americans. Other chapters consider how California's past is relevant to a wider understanding of human behavior. This book discusses as well the perceptions of Central Coast and San Francisco Bay region prehistory that have changed rapidly as a result of intensive fieldwork performed to comply with environmental law. The final chapter deals with the data of historical linguistics, which indicate something of the cultural relationships and events that might have occurred in the past. This book is a valuable resource for archeologists.

Table of Contents


  • List of Figures

    List of Tables

    Foreword

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    1. A Goodly llande: California's Natural Setting

    Introduction

    Native Cultures

    Numbers and Diversity

    Subsistence

    Trade

    Social Organization

    Cultural Summary

    Environment: Scope and Purpose

    Physiography and Geology

    Klamath Mountains

    Cascade Range

    Modoc Plateau

    Great Basin

    Sierra Nevada

    Great Central Valley

    Coast Ranges

    Transverse Ranges

    Mojave Desert

    Colorado Desert (Salton Trough)

    Peninsular Ranges

    Climate

    Life Zones and Vegetation Types

    Lower Sonoran Zone

    Upper Sonoran Zone

    Transition Zone

    The Upper Zones

    Great Basin Types

    Historic Transformations

    Synopsis of Natural History

    2. The First Californians

    Introduction

    Glaciers and Seas

    Peopling America

    Pleistocene California

    Climate and Water

    Rancholabrean Fauna

    Summary

    Evaluating the Archaeological Evidence

    Possible Early Sites

    Lake Manix

    The Calico Hills Site

    Yuha Pinto Wash

    The Yuha Burial

    La Jolla Shores and Del Mar

    Laguna Beach

    "Los Angeles Man"

    Angeles Mesa

    Rancho La Brea

    Santa Rosa and San Miguel Islands

    La Jolla and San Diego

    The Farmington Complex

    Potter Creek Cave

    The Tranquillity Site (Fre-48)

    China Lake

    Summary and Conclusions

    3. Early Cultures

    Introduction

    Environments

    The Fluted-Point Tradition

    Introduction

    Tulare Lake

    Borax Lake (Lak-36)

    China Lake

    Other Fluted-Point Discoveries

    Summary

    Faunal Extinctions

    The Western Pluvial Lakes Tradition

    Introduction

    Nomenclature

    Characteristics and Origins

    Lake Mojave Complex

    San Dieguito: The C. W. Harris Site

    Buena Vista Lake (Ker-116)

    The Mostin Site (Lak-380/381)

    Burns Valley (Lak-741, -742)

    WPLT Summary

    A Paleo-Coastal Tradition?

    Introduction

    Rancho Park North (SDM-W-49)

    Diablo Canyon Sites

    Summary

    Early Sites in West-Central California

    Conclusions

    4. Southern Coast Region

    Introduction

    Environment

    Native Cultures

    Early Archaeology

    Explorations

    Culture Change

    Prehistoric Reconstructions: Santa Barbara Subregion

    Topanga Canyon

    Coastal Sites

    Summary

    Channel Island Prehistory

    The Santa Barbara Sequence Revisited

    Coastal Phases

    Coastal-Inland Relationships

    Social Status and Mortuary Patterns

    Channel Prehistory: An Integrated Chronology

    Prehistoric Reconstructions: San Diego Subregion

    La Jolla Complex

    The Pauma Complex

    Sayles Complex

    Late Prehistory

    Regional Syntheses

    Summary and Conclusions

    5. The Central Valley Region

    Introduction

    Environment

    Native Cultures

    Early Archaeological Work

    Origins of a Central Valley Sequence

    The Delta Sequence

    The Central California Taxonomic System

    Central California Horizons

    Chronology

    Further Investigations

    San Joaquin Valley

    Sacramento Valley

    Rethinking the Central Califomia Sequence

    Central California Patterns

    Windmiller Pattern

    Berkeley Pattern

    Augustine Pattern

    Summary and Conclusions

    6. San Francisco Bay and Central Coast Regions

    Introduction

    Natural History

    San Francisco Bay Region

    Central Coast Region

    Native Cultures

    Exploratory Archaeology

    Introduction

    Central Coast Region

    The San Francisco Bay Region

    Summary and Discussion

    Regional and Local Prehistories

    Introduction

    The Central Coast Region

    San Francisco Bay Region

    Summary and Conclusions

    7. The Sierra Nevada

    Natural History

    Native Cultures

    Early Archaeology

    The Northern Sierra

    Lake Tahoe Vicinity

    The West Slope

    Summary

    The Central Sierra

    Mortuary Caves

    Yosemite National Park

    North-Central Sierra Nevada

    South-Central Foothills

    Summary

    The Southern Sierra

    Kings and San Joaquin Uplands

    Sequoia-Kings Canyon Locality

    Far Southern Sierra

    Discussion

    8 The Desert Region

    Environment

    Native Peoples of the California Deserts

    Early Archaeology of the California Deserts

    Later Archaeology of the California Deserts

    Northeastern Mojave Desert

    Owens Valley and Northwest Mojave Desert

    Western Mojave Desert

    Southeastern Mojave Desert

    Mojave River Valley

    Colorado Desert and Peninsular Ranges

    Synthesis

    Introduction

    Pinto Period (5000-2000 B.C.)

    Gypsum Period (2000 B.C.-A.D. 500)

    Saratoga Springs Period (A.D. 500-1200)

    Protohistoric Period (A.D. 1200-Historic)

    Summary

    9. Northeastern Cahfornia

    Introduction

    Environment

    Ethnographic Setting

    The Archaeological Record

    Exploratory Archaeology

    Chronology and Culture History

    Problem-Oriented Archaeology

    Public Archaeology: Adverse and Beneficial Impacts

    Conclusions and Prospectus

    10. The North Coastal Region

    Introduction

    Environment

    Native Cultures

    The Northwest Coast Subregion: Archaeology

    The Gunther Pattern

    Interior Archaeology

    The Eel River Subregion: Archaeology

    Culture Chronology

    Settlement Pattern Studies

    The Russian River Subregion: Archaeology

    Early Investigations

    Language and Archaeological Assemblages

    Local Sequences

    Summary

    Summary and Conclusions

    11. Linguistic Prehistory

    Introduction

    Linguistic Models

    California's Native Languages

    Hokan Stock

    Yukian Stock

    Penutian Stock

    Algic Superfamily

    Athapascan Family

    Uto-Aztecan Family

    Prehistoric Language Shifts

    10,000-6000 B.C.

    6000-4000 B.C.

    4000-2000 B.C.

    2000 B.C.-A.D. 1

    A.D. 1-1000

    A.D. 1000-1850

    Appendix 1: Common and Scientific Names of Plants and Animals

    Plants

    Mollusks

    Fishes

    Reptiles

    Birds

    Mammals

    Appendix 2: County Abbreviations Used in Site Designations

    Glossary

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 798
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1984
  • Published: April 1, 1984
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483277356

About the Author

Michael J. Moratto

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