Calcium Physiology

Calcium Physiology

An Advanced Treatise

1st Edition - January 1, 1969

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  • Editors: C. L. Comar, Felix Bronner
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483259826

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Mineral Metabolism, Volume III: Calcium Physiology focuses on the processes, reactions, and approaches involved in calcium metabolism and study of bones. The selection first underscores the measurements and models of skeletal metabolism and advances in the physical biology of bone and other hard tissues, including measurements and concepts, composition and structure of bone minerals, and dynamic studies of bone minerals. The text then takes a look at calcium and striated muscle and renal excretion of alkaline earths. Topics include physicochemical state of alkaline earth cations in plasma and urine, effects of drugs, renal diseases, calcium and contractile proteins, resting potential and action potential, calcium and muscle contraction, and coupling of excitation and energy synthesis. The book examines the aspects of intestinal absorption of calcium, with special reference to vitamin D, as well as the physiological mechanism of the intestinal absorption of calcium; effect of other nutritional and physiological factors on calcium absorption; and structure of the intestinal epithelial cell. The selection is a dependable source material for physiologists and readers interested to pursue research on calcium physiology.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors


    Contents of Previous Volumes

    Chapter 1 Measurements and Models of Skeletal Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Measurements and Concepts

    III. Some Related Topics

    IV. Models and Mechanisms

    V. Summary

    Appendix I

    Appendix II

    Glossary of Terms and Symbols in Order of Appearance


    Chapter 2 Recent Advances in the Physical Biology of Bone and Other Hard Tissues

    I. Introduction

    II. Composition and Structure of Bone Mineral

    III. Dynamic Studies of Bone Mineral

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 3 Calcium and Striated Muscle

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure of Striated Muscle

    III. Cellular Calcium Components

    IV. The Intracellular Calcium Accumulating System

    V. Calcium and Contractile Proteins

    VI. Homeostasis of Intracellular Calcium

    VII. Resting Potential and Action Potential

    VIII. Calcium and Muscle Contraction

    IX. The Coupling of Excitation and Energy Synthesis

    X. Summary


    Chapter 4 Renal Excretion of Alkaline Earths

    I. Introduction

    II. Physiochemical State of Alkaline Earth Cations in Plasma and Urine

    III. Physiological Variations in Renal Excretion

    IV. Mechanism of Renal Transport

    V. Hormonal Effects

    VI. Effect of Drugs

    VII. Renal Diseases


    Chapter 5 Some Aspects of the Intestinal Absorption of Calcium, with Special Reference to Vitamin D

    I. Introduction

    II. A Brief Consideration of Pertinent Transport Reactions

    III. Structure of the Intestinal Epithelial Cell

    IV. Physiological Mechanism of the Intestinal Absorption of Calcium

    V. Sites of Calcium Absorption

    VI. Vitamin D

    VII. Effect of Other Nutritional and Physiological Factors on Calcium Absorption

    VIII. Concluding Remarks


    Chapter 6 Calcium and Membranes

    I. Introduction

    II. Calcium Transport

    III. Calcium Metabolism in Isolated Cells

    IV. Calcium Regulation of Membrane Properties

    V. Calcium-Membrane Interactions


    Chapter 7 Parathormone, Calcitonin, and Calcium Homeostasis

    I. Introduction

    II. Bone

    III. Other Nonendocrine Factors

    IV. Parathormone—Parathyroid

    V. Calcitonin (Thyrocalcitonin)—Ultimobranchial

    VI. Summary—Calcium Homeostasis


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 564
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1969
  • Published: January 1, 1969
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483259826

About the Editors

C. L. Comar

Felix Bronner

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Oral Biology, University of Connecticut Health Center

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