By Bread Alone

By Bread Alone

1st Edition - January 1, 1975

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  • Authors: Lester R. Brown, Erik P. Eckholm
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483279251

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By Bread Alone is an interdisciplinary analysis of the global food situation and food production prospects. It examines the problems posed by the new international order, as well as the policy alternatives open to mankind. It also discusses the role of the United States, the world's breadbasket, in addressing the food crisis, particularly in shaping the "rules of the game" for access to raw materials, for expanding production, and for establishing global reserves. Comprised of 17 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the changing face of food shortage, together with the history and geography of malnutrition. The evolution of agriculture and famine in human history are considered, along with the impact of population growth and rising affluence on food supply. Subsequent chapters explore how the world's food systems are being undermined by ecological events such as climate change, deforestation, and eutrophication of lakes and streams; the growing problem of food insecurity; and the global politics of food scarcity. The next section deals with four basic resources relevant to food supply: land, water, energy, and fertilizer. Finally, policy recommendations aimed at addressing the global food problem are given. This monograph will be of interest to politicians and policymakers.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    1. Overview: The Changing Face of Food Scarcity

    Part One. Dimensions of the Problem

    2. History and Geography of Malnutrition

    The Evolution of Agriculture

    What Man Eats

    Famine in Human History

    Nutritional Needs

    Effects of Malnutrition

    Nutrition Today

    3. Population and Affluence

    Impact of Population Growth

    Impact of Rising Affluence

    Affluence and Livestock Products

    Global Demand Trends

    4. Ecological Undermining of Food Systems

    The Advancing Sahara

    Deforestation, Flooding, and Silting

    Eutrophication of Lakes and Streams

    Environmentally Induced Illnesses

    Endangered Species

    Inadvertent Climate Modification

    Counting the Costs

    5. Growing Global Food Insecurity

    Index of World Food Security

    Dependence on the North American Breadbasket

    Redefining Famine

    Declining Food Assistance

    Climatic Vulnerability

    Global Politics of Food Scarcity

    Part Two. Four Basic Resources

    6. Land for Food

    The Area-to-Yield Transition

    Expanding the Cultivated Area

    Raising Output per Acre

    Loss of Arable Land

    Multiple Cropping and Fallowing

    7. Water and Bread

    Development of Irrigation

    Irrigation Today

    Irrigation and the Green Revolution

    More Ambitious Interventions

    Water from the Seas?

    Future Prospects

    8. Energy and Agriculture

    Energy Intensity of Food Systems

    Energy and Land Productivity

    Energy and Labor Productivity

    Conserving Energy in Food Systems

    Establishing Global Energy Priorities

    9. The Role of Fertilizer

    Fertilizer and World Food Output

    Boom and Bust Cycles

    Fertilizer Production and Raw Materials

    The Distribution Question

    Future Prospects

    Part Three. Areas of Concern and Hope

    10. The Green Revolution: Opportunity Lost?

    The New Seeds

    Across National Boundaries

    Impact of the New Seeds

    New Potentials for Multiple Cropping

    Distributing the Benefits

    Assessment and Prospects

    11. Deep Trouble in Oceanic Fisheries

    Fish in the World Food Economy

    Trends in World Fish Catch

    Competition Among Countries

    The Northwest Atlantic Fishery

    The Peruvian Anchovy Fishery

    Fish Farming: Status and Prospects

    Pollution of Oceanic Fisheries

    Cooperative Management of Oceanic Fisheries

    12. Non-Conventional Food Sources

    High-Protein Cereals

    Breeding New Crops

    Designing New Foods

    Panaceas of the Past

    Food Fortification

    Single-Cell Protein

    Feeding Fertilizer to Cattle

    Part Four. Responses

    13. Putting on the Demographic Brakes

    Understanding the Problem

    Family-Planning Services

    Meeting Social Needs

    Economic and Social Policies

    A Proposed Stabilization Timetable

    14. Simplifying Diets

    Economy, Ecology, and Health

    Vegetable Oils for Animals Fats

    Vegetable Protein for Animal Protein

    Eliminating Waste

    15. Hunger and Employment: Mutual Solutions?

    Unemployment: Trends and Causes

    Unrealized Agronomic Potential

    A People-oriented Development Strategy

    Appropriate Technologies

    Agrarian Reform

    Rural Public Works


    16. Alleviating Insecurity: Special Measures

    A Food Reserve

    Assured Access to Food Supplies

    Critical Foods Needs

    Concessional Food Sales?

    Food for Development

    Agricultural Research Needs

    Part Five. Toward Century’s End

    17. Complexity, Change, Leadership

    Future Food Prospects

    “Fourth World” Focus

    Reordering Priorities

    The Moral Dimension

    The Challenge to Leadership

    Selected Readings


Product details

  • No. of pages: 286
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 2013
  • Published: January 1, 1975
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483279251

About the Authors

Lester R. Brown

Erik P. Eckholm

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