Brittle Fracture in Steel Structures

Brittle Fracture in Steel Structures

1st Edition - January 1, 1970

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  • Editor: G.M. Boyd
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483192505

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Description

Brittle Fracture in Steel Structures emphasizes the prevention of brittle fracture in structures fabricated from mild and low alloy steel operating at normal ambient temperatures. This book is divided into seven chapters. Chapter 1 provides the historical background and summarizes numerous case histories of brittle fractures. The nature of the phenomenon and factors that influence brittle fracture, including various methods of testing to determine the notch ductilities of different steels are described in Chapters 2 to 4. The fifth chapter elaborates the design considerations affecting the choice of steel for structural applications. Chapter 6 reviews the main methods for assessing the degree of notch ductility needed for different applications, while Chapter 7 deliberates practical procedures, recommended by the Navy Department Advisory Committee on Structural Steels, for assessing the suitability of different steels for particular applications. This publication is beneficial to metallurgists and welders intending to acquire knowledge of mild steel structures fabricated by welding from rolled steel plates and sections.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Conversion of Units

    Introduction

    Membership of Navy Department Advisory Committee on Structural Steel

    Chapter 1. Examples of Brittle Fracture in Service, and the Lessons Learned from Them

    1.1. Ships

    1.2. Oil Drilling Rig

    1.3. Land Structures in General

    1.4. Liquid Storage Tanks

    1.5. Gas Pressure Vessels

    1.6. Penstocks and Pipelines

    1.7. Bridges

    1.8. Miscellaneous Cases of Brittle Fracture

    1.9. Summary

    1.10. Review of Lessons Learned from Service Experience

    Chapter 2. Characteristics and Modes of Fracture

    2.1. Fracture Mechanisms

    2.2. Fracture Mode

    Chapter 3. Engineering and Metallurgical Factors Influencing Fracture

    3.1. Engineering Factors

    3.2. Metallurgical Factors

    Chapter 4. Methods of Testing for Notch Ductility

    4.1. Pendulum Impact Tests on Small Specimens

    4.2. Tests on Specimens of Full Plate Thickness

    Chapter 5. Design Considerations Affecting the Choice of Steel for Structural Applications

    5.1. Working Stresses

    5.2. Design for Welding

    5.3. Pre-Loading and Proof Loading

    Chapter 6. Review of Current Methods for Steel Selection

    6.1. The Trends of British Practice

    6.2. Trends in Other Countries

    6.3 Fracture Mechanics

    6.4. Analysis of Service Fractures

    Chapter 7. Recommended Procedures for the Selection of Steels with Regard to Notch Ductility

    7.1. Method I

    7.2. Method II

    7.3. Notes on the Foregoing Steel Selection Procedures

    Appendix 'Golden Rules' for the Avoidance of Brittle Fracture

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 136
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1970
  • Published: January 1, 1970
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483192505

About the Editor

G.M. Boyd

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