British Further Education

British Further Education

A Critical Textbook

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

Write a review

  • Author: A. J. Peters
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483154855

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


British Further Education: A Critical Textbook provides a coherent account of the system of Further Education in Great Britain, which is defined as the public provision for the education of persons who have left school, other than at universities, colleges of education, or establishments run by the armed services. This book discusses the aims of the national system of Further Education; how Further Education is provided; education for industrial skill; and part-time day education for all under 18 years of age. The topics on youth service; Further Education for the disabled and handicapped; and commonwealth relations of British Further Education are also elaborated in this publication. This textbook is beneficial to students and researchers conducting work on the expansion of education in Great Britain.

Table of Contents

  • List of Tables



    Chapter 1. The Meaning of "Further Education"

    The Definition Adopted in this Book

    The Post-War Pattern of British Education

    Further Education within the Post-war Pattern

    The Kinds of Education Included

    Some Kinds of Education Excluded

    Its Relations with Other Fields

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 2. The Aims of the National System of Further Education

    General and Specific Aims

    The Needs of Britain

    Economic Growth

    Technological Advance

    Political and Social Progress

    Aesthetic Vigor

    Educational Planning

    The needs of Students

    Categories of Student

    Adolescent Growth

    Adult Interests

    Specific Aims in Further Education

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 3. How Further Education is Provided

    The Three Pillars of the System

    How the Central Government Secures Provision

    Ministers and Departments

    Stimulation of Bodies Other than Authorities

    Control of Authorities

    How the Local Government Secures Provision


    Activities and Establishments

    Erection of Buildings

    Grants to Students

    Financial Resources

    Voluntary Organizations

    Advisory Bodies




    Levels of Course

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 4. Establishments for Further Education


    Scottish Differences

    Scotland: Direct-grant Colleges

    Central Institutions

    Residential College of Adult Education

    Other Direct-grant Establishments

    Scotland: Forester Training School

    Scotland: Establishments Maintained by Authorities

    Further Education Centers

    Farm Schools

    England and Wales: Direct-grant Colleges

    The Royal College of Art

    The College of Aeronautics

    Colleges of Advanced Technology

    National Colleges

    Agricultural Colleges

    Residential Colleges of Adult Education

    Other Direct-grant Establishments

    England and Wales: Major Establishments Maintained or Assisted by Authorities

    Technical and Commercial Colleges

    Art Establishments

    Farm Institutes

    Residential Colleges and Centers of Adult Education

    Other Maintained Major Establishments

    England and Wales: Evening Institutes

    Establishments for Social and Physical Training and Recreation

    Community Centers

    Village Halls

    Playing Fields and the Like

    Youth Clubs and Centers

    Establishments for the Disabled and Handicapped

    Research Establishments

    Facilities Provided in Other Establishments

    The Internal Organization of Technical Colleges

    Governing Body


    Advisory Bodies

    Membership of Associations

    Staff and Students


    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 5. Education for Industrial Skill


    The Growth of Organized Training

    Modern Trends

    Training at Work

    The Post-war Pattern

    New Moves, 1962-1964

    Courses for Craftsmen and Technicians

    Courses Promoted by Examining Institutes

    The National Certificate and Diploma Schemes

    Full-time Apprentice Courses

    Courses for Women's Crafts

    Preliminary Courses

    Courses for Operatives

    General Studies

    The Expansion of Provision

    Growing Points

    Features Retarding Growth



    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 6. The Education of Technologists and High-grade Technicians

    The Two Rivers of Further Education

    The Rivers Touch in Places

    The Transfer of Full-time and Sandwich Higher Education from One River to the Other

    Leading Institutions, Mainly Pre-war

    Recognition: Early Post-war Reports

    Proposals: The Percy Report

    Early Developments and Difficulties: 1946-1951

    Delays: 1951-1955

    Revival: The Hives Council and the White Paper of 1956

    New Proposals and Promises: 1963

    Permanent Separation

    Arrangements for Students


    Time for Study

    Other Inducements

    Courses and Studies

    The GCE

    Technician Courses

    Courses for Technologists

    Management Studies

    Liberal Studies


    Developing the Colleges

    Problems of Expansion

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 7. Education for Commerce

    The Time-lag between Industry and Commerce


    Courses and Studies before Employment

    Clerk-typists and Secretarial

    Academic Subjects

    Courses and Studies during Employment

    Office-machine Operation

    Office Skills

    Academic Subjects

    Certificates in the Distributive Trades

    The Certificate in Office Studies

    The National Scheme in Business Studies

    Scottish Schemes

    Professional Studies

    College Awards

    University Studies

    CNAA Courses

    Short Courses

    Non-commerce Subjects Commonly Done in Colleges and Departments of Commerce


    The Expansion of Provision

    Main Features at Present

    Growing Points

    Features Retarding Growth


    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 8. Education for the Arts

    Art Education Since the War

    Types of Student

    Courses and Studies

    Craft Courses

    Professional Studies

    Teaching Qualifications

    Preliminary Courses

    Unexamined Subjects


    Problems of Expansion

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 9. Education for Agriculture

    Agricultural Education during and Since the War

    Arrangements for Students


    For Non-apprentices

    Courses, Studies and Establishments

    Craft, Technician and Management Courses

    Diploma Courses

    Professional Membership

    National College Courses

    University Studies

    Short Courses

    The Expansion of Provision

    Main Features at Present


    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 10. Part-time Day Education for All under Eighteen

    An Intention Unfulfilled

    The Concept of the County College



    The Way to the County College

    Voluntary Part-time Day and Residential Education for the Unskilled

    Courses and Establishments

    Problems of Expansion

    General Studies for the Skilled

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 11. Adult Education

    The Meaning of the Term

    Post-war Development

    Cultural Training

    Re-creative Activities

    Present Provision


    Courses and Studies


    The Expansion of Provision

    Main Features at Present

    Trends of Change



    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 12. The Youth Service

    Definition and Functions


    Present Provision

    The Expansion of Provision

    Main Features at Present


    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 13. Further Education for the Disabled and Handicapped

    Work of the Secretaries of State

    Work of Authorities

    An Underdeveloped Field

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 14. Relations with Secondary Education

    Present Pathways from School to Vocational Further Education

    For Non-employed Students

    For Employed Students

    Return to School

    Gaps in the Pathways

    Closing the Gaps

    The Gap in Time

    The Gap in Content

    The Gap in Guidance

    The Apprenticeships Mix-up

    The Admissions Mix-up

    School Links with Non-vocational Provision

    Proposals for Junior Colleges

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 15. Co-operation with Industry and Commerce

    Its Importance

    Fields of Co-operation

    Supplying Students

    Consultation on Courses and Research

    Supervision of Students

    Supply and Further Training of College Teachers

    Participation in Governing, Advisory and Examining Bodies

    Provision of Premises, Equipment and Finance

    Vocational Guidance

    Other Joint Activities

    Special Staff

    Problems of Expansion

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 16. Commonwealth Relations of British Further Education


    Government-financed Schemes of Mutual Aid

    General Schemes of Direct Aid

    General Schemes of Indirect Aid

    Separate Agreements

    Special Aid for UK Dependencies

    Educational Conferences

    Facilities Provided by Private Enterprise

    Voluntary Service Overseas

    Spreading Knowledge of the Commonwealth in UK Establishments

    Interactions with British Further Education

    Overseas Commonwealth Students in UK

    Exchange of Teachers

    Co-operation between Institutions

    Problems of Expansion

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 17. Examinations in Further Education

    Examining Bodies

    Regional Examining Unions

    London Examining Bodies

    Joint Committees in National Schemes

    Joint Committees in Schemes Modeled on National Schemes

    Scottish Co-ordinating Bodies

    National Councils

    Government Bodies

    Professional Institutions


    School Examination Boards


    The Certificate of Secondary Education

    Types of Examination


    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 18. Research into Further Education





    Organization of Resources

    Subjects Needing Investigation

    Notes on Further Study

    Chapter 19. Assessment of the System in Its Background

    Twenty-year Retrospect


    Achievement in Further Education

    Features of Tertiary Education as a Whole

    Imperfect Achievement Overall

    The Post-war Background

    An Impetus Lost

    Some Consequences Affecting Education

    An Explosion of Demand

    Thinking about the Future, 1954-1964

    By Non-political Bodies

    By Political Parties before the 1964 General Election

    Tasks of the New Government



    The Need for Social Purpose and Perspective

    Notes on Further Study

    Appendix 1. Glossary of Abbreviations Used in this Book

    APpendix 2. Classified List of Works Mentioned

    Sub-Appendix. Committee Reports Known by Chairman's Name

    Appendix 3. List of Periodicals Concerned with British Further Education in 1966


Product details

  • No. of pages: 388
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483154855

About the Author

A. J. Peters

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "British Further Education"