British Further Education - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080118932, 9781483154855

British Further Education

1st Edition

A Critical Textbook

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Authors: A. J. Peters
eBook ISBN: 9781483154855
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1967
Page Count: 388
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British Further Education: A Critical Textbook provides a coherent account of the system of Further Education in Great Britain, which is defined as the public provision for the education of persons who have left school, other than at universities, colleges of education, or establishments run by the armed services. This book discusses the aims of the national system of Further Education; how Further Education is provided; education for industrial skill; and part-time day education for all under 18 years of age. The topics on youth service; Further Education for the disabled and handicapped; and commonwealth relations of British Further Education are also elaborated in this publication. This textbook is beneficial to students and researchers conducting work on the expansion of education in Great Britain.

Table of Contents

List of Tables



Chapter 1. The Meaning of "Further Education"

The Definition Adopted in this Book

The Post-War Pattern of British Education

Further Education within the Post-war Pattern

The Kinds of Education Included

Some Kinds of Education Excluded

Its Relations with Other Fields

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 2. The Aims of the National System of Further Education

General and Specific Aims

The Needs of Britain

Economic Growth

Technological Advance

Political and Social Progress

Aesthetic Vigor

Educational Planning

The needs of Students

Categories of Student

Adolescent Growth

Adult Interests

Specific Aims in Further Education

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 3. How Further Education is Provided

The Three Pillars of the System

How the Central Government Secures Provision

Ministers and Departments

Stimulation of Bodies Other than Authorities

Control of Authorities

How the Local Government Secures Provision


Activities and Establishments

Erection of Buildings

Grants to Students

Financial Resources

Voluntary Organizations

Advisory Bodies




Levels of Course

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 4. Establishments for Further Education


Scottish Differences

Scotland: Direct-grant Colleges

Central Institutions

Residential College of Adult Education

Other Direct-grant Establishments

Scotland: Forester Training School

Scotland: Establishments Maintained by Authorities

Further Education Centers

Farm Schools

England and Wales: Direct-grant Colleges

The Royal College of Art

The College of Aeronautics

Colleges of Advanced Technology

National Colleges

Agricultural Colleges

Residential Colleges of Adult Education

Other Direct-grant Establishments

England and Wales: Major Establishments Maintained or Assisted by Authorities

Technical and Commercial Colleges

Art Establishments

Farm Institutes

Residential Colleges and Centers of Adult Education

Other Maintained Major Establishments

England and Wales: Evening Institutes

Establishments for Social and Physical Training and Recreation

Community Centers

Village Halls

Playing Fields and the Like

Youth Clubs and Centers

Establishments for the Disabled and Handicapped

Research Establishments

Facilities Provided in Other Establishments

The Internal Organization of Technical Colleges

Governing Body


Advisory Bodies

Membership of Associations

Staff and Students


Notes on Further Study

Chapter 5. Education for Industrial Skill


The Growth of Organized Training

Modern Trends

Training at Work

The Post-war Pattern

New Moves, 1962-1964

Courses for Craftsmen and Technicians

Courses Promoted by Examining Institutes

The National Certificate and Diploma Schemes

Full-time Apprentice Courses

Courses for Women's Crafts

Preliminary Courses

Courses for Operatives

General Studies

The Expansion of Provision

Growing Points

Features Retarding Growth



Notes on Further Study

Chapter 6. The Education of Technologists and High-grade Technicians

The Two Rivers of Further Education

The Rivers Touch in Places

The Transfer of Full-time and Sandwich Higher Education from One River to the Other

Leading Institutions, Mainly Pre-war

Recognition: Early Post-war Reports

Proposals: The Percy Report

Early Developments and Difficulties: 1946-1951

Delays: 1951-1955

Revival: The Hives Council and the White Paper of 1956

New Proposals and Promises: 1963

Permanent Separation

Arrangements for Students


Time for Study

Other Inducements

Courses and Studies


Technician Courses

Courses for Technologists

Management Studies

Liberal Studies


Developing the Colleges

Problems of Expansion

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 7. Education for Commerce

The Time-lag between Industry and Commerce


Courses and Studies before Employment

Clerk-typists and Secretarial

Academic Subjects

Courses and Studies during Employment

Office-machine Operation

Office Skills

Academic Subjects

Certificates in the Distributive Trades

The Certificate in Office Studies

The National Scheme in Business Studies

Scottish Schemes

Professional Studies

College Awards

University Studies

CNAA Courses

Short Courses

Non-commerce Subjects Commonly Done in Colleges and Departments of Commerce


The Expansion of Provision

Main Features at Present

Growing Points

Features Retarding Growth


Notes on Further Study

Chapter 8. Education for the Arts

Art Education Since the War

Types of Student

Courses and Studies

Craft Courses

Professional Studies

Teaching Qualifications

Preliminary Courses

Unexamined Subjects


Problems of Expansion

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 9. Education for Agriculture

Agricultural Education during and Since the War

Arrangements for Students


For Non-apprentices

Courses, Studies and Establishments

Craft, Technician and Management Courses

Diploma Courses

Professional Membership

National College Courses

University Studies

Short Courses

The Expansion of Provision

Main Features at Present


Notes on Further Study

Chapter 10. Part-time Day Education for All under Eighteen

An Intention Unfulfilled

The Concept of the County College



The Way to the County College

Voluntary Part-time Day and Residential Education for the Unskilled

Courses and Establishments

Problems of Expansion

General Studies for the Skilled

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 11. Adult Education

The Meaning of the Term

Post-war Development

Cultural Training

Re-creative Activities

Present Provision


Courses and Studies


The Expansion of Provision

Main Features at Present

Trends of Change



Notes on Further Study

Chapter 12. The Youth Service

Definition and Functions


Present Provision

The Expansion of Provision

Main Features at Present


Notes on Further Study

Chapter 13. Further Education for the Disabled and Handicapped

Work of the Secretaries of State

Work of Authorities

An Underdeveloped Field

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 14. Relations with Secondary Education

Present Pathways from School to Vocational Further Education

For Non-employed Students

For Employed Students

Return to School

Gaps in the Pathways

Closing the Gaps

The Gap in Time

The Gap in Content

The Gap in Guidance

The Apprenticeships Mix-up

The Admissions Mix-up

School Links with Non-vocational Provision

Proposals for Junior Colleges

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 15. Co-operation with Industry and Commerce

Its Importance

Fields of Co-operation

Supplying Students

Consultation on Courses and Research

Supervision of Students

Supply and Further Training of College Teachers

Participation in Governing, Advisory and Examining Bodies

Provision of Premises, Equipment and Finance

Vocational Guidance

Other Joint Activities

Special Staff

Problems of Expansion

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 16. Commonwealth Relations of British Further Education


Government-financed Schemes of Mutual Aid

General Schemes of Direct Aid

General Schemes of Indirect Aid

Separate Agreements

Special Aid for UK Dependencies

Educational Conferences

Facilities Provided by Private Enterprise

Voluntary Service Overseas

Spreading Knowledge of the Commonwealth in UK Establishments

Interactions with British Further Education

Overseas Commonwealth Students in UK

Exchange of Teachers

Co-operation between Institutions

Problems of Expansion

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 17. Examinations in Further Education

Examining Bodies

Regional Examining Unions

London Examining Bodies

Joint Committees in National Schemes

Joint Committees in Schemes Modeled on National Schemes

Scottish Co-ordinating Bodies

National Councils

Government Bodies

Professional Institutions


School Examination Boards


The Certificate of Secondary Education

Types of Examination


Notes on Further Study

Chapter 18. Research into Further Education





Organization of Resources

Subjects Needing Investigation

Notes on Further Study

Chapter 19. Assessment of the System in Its Background

Twenty-year Retrospect


Achievement in Further Education

Features of Tertiary Education as a Whole

Imperfect Achievement Overall

The Post-war Background

An Impetus Lost

Some Consequences Affecting Education

An Explosion of Demand

Thinking about the Future, 1954-1964

By Non-political Bodies

By Political Parties before the 1964 General Election

Tasks of the New Government



The Need for Social Purpose and Perspective

Notes on Further Study

Appendix 1. Glossary of Abbreviations Used in this Book

APpendix 2. Classified List of Works Mentioned

Sub-Appendix. Committee Reports Known by Chairman's Name

Appendix 3. List of Periodicals Concerned with British Further Education in 1966



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© Pergamon 1967
1st January 1967
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

A. J. Peters

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