Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120790401, 9780323156776

Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function

1st Edition

Editors: Charles Barnes
eBook ISBN: 9780323156776
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1984
Page Count: 304
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Description

Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function summarizes the research findings on major bulbospinal control systems. It explores how sensory, reflex-evoking inputs to the central nervous system (CNS) modulate descending control signals and how descending control signals regulate the excitability or gains of the segmental reflex arcs. It also looks at the role of the reticulospinal system in the control of movement, the effects of labyrinth and neck inputs on vestibulospinal and medullary reticulospinal neurons, the behavioral significance of the raphe-spinal system, locus coeruleus control of spinal cord activity, and the influence of allergic encephalomyelitis on monoaminergic neurotransmission. Organized into six chapters, this book begins with an overview of the findings on how human spinal reflexes are modulated. It then discusses the reticulospinal system, its role in the control of movements, and its involvement in responses elicited from several sensory systems. In addition, the book examines the response characteristics of the vestibulospinal and the medullary reticulospinal systems based on experiments on labyrinthine and neck input. Other chapters focus on all aspects, including motor and sensory, of the raphe-spinal system, physiological aspects of coerulospinal neurons, and the mechanisms by which allergic encephalomyelitis results in hindlimb paralysis. This book is a valuable resource for physiologists and students of physiology.

Table of Contents

Contributors Preface

  1. Modulation of Human Spinal Reflexes I. Introduction II. Methods for Observing Human Reflex Responses III. Responses at the Ankle, Wrist, and Elbow Joints IV. Modulation of the Electromyographic Response V. Reflex Contributions to Motor Behavior VI. Summary and Conclusions References
  2. The Reticulospinal System and Its Role in the Control of Movement I. Introduction II . Anatomy of Reticulospinal Systems III. Reticulomotor Connections IV. Reticulospinal Role in Vestibular Reflexes V. Reticulospinal Role in Tectal Orienting Responses VI. Reticulospinal Role in Responses Evoked by Activation of Somatic Afférents VII. Cerebral and Cerebellar Action on Reticulospinal Neurons VIII. Conclusions References
  3. A Comparison of the Response Characteristics of Vestibulospinal and Medullary Reticulospinal Neurons to Labyrinth and Neck Inputs I. Introduction II. Experimental Procedures III. Results IV. Discussion V. Summary References
  4. The Raphe-Spinal System Abbreviations I. Introduction II. Anatomy III. Physiology IV. Behavioral Significance of Raphe-Spinal System V. Conclusions References
  5. Locus Coeruleus Control of Spinal Cord Activity I. Introduction II. Historical Perspectives III. Anatomy IV. Physiology V. Methodology VI. Results and Discussion References
  6. Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis: Effects on Monoaminergic Neurotransmission I. Introduction II. Neurophysiological Basis of Clinical Signs III. Summary and Conclusions
    References Index

Details

No. of pages:
304
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1984
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323156776

About the Editor

Charles Barnes

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Veterinaty and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology and Physiology, Washington State University

Ratings and Reviews