Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780120790401, 9780323156776

Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function

1st Edition

Editors: Charles Barnes
eBook ISBN: 9780323156776
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1984
Page Count: 304
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Description

Brainstem Control of Spinal Cord Function summarizes the research findings on major bulbospinal control systems. It explores how sensory, reflex-evoking inputs to the central nervous system (CNS) modulate descending control signals and how descending control signals regulate the excitability or gains of the segmental reflex arcs. It also looks at the role of the reticulospinal system in the control of movement, the effects of labyrinth and neck inputs on vestibulospinal and medullary reticulospinal neurons, the behavioral significance of the raphe-spinal system, locus coeruleus control of spinal cord activity, and the influence of allergic encephalomyelitis on monoaminergic neurotransmission. Organized into six chapters, this book begins with an overview of the findings on how human spinal reflexes are modulated. It then discusses the reticulospinal system, its role in the control of movements, and its involvement in responses elicited from several sensory systems. In addition, the book examines the response characteristics of the vestibulospinal and the medullary reticulospinal systems based on experiments on labyrinthine and neck input. Other chapters focus on all aspects, including motor and sensory, of the raphe-spinal system, physiological aspects of coerulospinal neurons, and the mechanisms by which allergic encephalomyelitis results in hindlimb paralysis. This book is a valuable resource for physiologists and students of physiology.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

1. Modulation of Human Spinal Reflexes

I. Introduction

II. Methods for Observing Human Reflex Responses

III. Responses at the Ankle, Wrist, and Elbow Joints

IV. Modulation of the Electromyographic Response

V. Reflex Contributions to Motor Behavior

VI. Summary and Conclusions

References

2. The Reticulospinal System and Its Role in the Control of Movement

I. Introduction

II . Anatomy of Reticulospinal Systems

III. Reticulomotor Connections

IV. Reticulospinal Role in Vestibular Reflexes

V. Reticulospinal Role in Tectal Orienting Responses

VI. Reticulospinal Role in Responses Evoked by Activation of Somatic Afférents

VII. Cerebral and Cerebellar Action on Reticulospinal Neurons

VIII. Conclusions

References

3. A Comparison of the Response Characteristics of Vestibulospinal and Medullary Reticulospinal Neurons to Labyrinth and Neck Inputs

I. Introduction

II. Experimental Procedures

III. Results

IV. Discussion

V. Summary

References

4. The Raphe-Spinal System

Abbreviations

I. Introduction

II. Anatomy

III. Physiology

IV. Behavioral Significance of Raphe-Spinal System

V. Conclusions

References

5. Locus Coeruleus Control of Spinal Cord Activity

I. Introduction

II. Historical Perspectives

III. Anatomy

IV. Physiology

V. Methodology

VI. Results and Discussion

References

6. Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis: Effects on Monoaminergic Neurotransmission

I. Introduction

II. Neurophysiological Basis of Clinical Signs

III. Summary and Conclusions

References

Index




Details

No. of pages:
304
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1984
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323156776

About the Editor

Charles Barnes

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Veterinaty and Comparative Anatomy, Pharmacology and Physiology, Washington State University