Brain Edema

Brain Edema

From Molecular Mechanisms to Clinical Practice

1st Edition - July 8, 2017

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  • Editors: Jerome Badaut, Nikolaus Plesnila
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128031971
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128031964

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Description

Brain Edema: From Molecular Mechanisms to Clinical Practice brings together the most widely recognized experts in experimental and clinical brain edema research to review the current knowledge gathered on the molecular and cellular pathophysiology and clinical management of brain edema. This timely book also discusses future directions of research and treatment. Brain edema is an integral and acutely life-threatening part of the pathophysiology of multiple cerebral and non-cerebral disorders, including traumatic brain injury, cerebral ischemia, brain tumors, cardiac arrest, altitude sickness and liver failure. Affecting millions worldwide, research over the past few years has shown that a plethora of complex molecular and cellular mechanisms contribute to this pathological accumulation of water in the brain parenchyma. In parallel, the development of new neuroimaging tools has provided a new way to examine how edema develops longitudinally and in real time, both in pre-clinical models and in patients. Despite intense research over the past few decades, therapeutic options are still limited and sometimes not effective.

Key Features

  • Presents a comprehensive understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in edema formation and resolution
  • Discusses the specific role of edema development in several pathologies, including traumatic brain injury, stroke, brain tumors, cardiac arrest, and liver failure
  • Proposes a new classification of edema based on molecular processes
  • Discusses clinical management of new clinical trials coming from pre-clinical studies
  • Addresses the possible link between edema formation, other molecular and cellular processes, including inflammation and neuroinflammation

Readership

Basic neuroscientists to clinicians, medical and graduate students in neuroscience and clinical neuroscience

Table of Contents

  • Introduction: Brain edema formation - significance for patient outcome
      Jérôme Badaut and Nikolaus Plesnila

    Section 1. General Introduction
    1. Physiology of cerebral blood vessels
      Ute Lindauer
    2. Blood-brain interfaces organization in relation to inorganic anion transport, CSF secretion and circulation
      Jean-François Ghersi-Egea and Helle Damkier

    Section 2. Techniques to Investigate Cerebral Blood
    3. Imaging techniques for brain edema: from basic science to the clinic
      Andre Obenaus and Jérôme Badaut
    4. Experimental techniques to investigate the formation of brain edema in vivo
      Nikolaus Plesnila
    5. In Vitro Models of the Blood-Brain Barrier to Better Understand the Pathophysiology of Brain Edema
      Abraham J. Al-Ahmad

    Section 3. Molecular Basis and Concepts in Brain Edema Formation for New Treatment Development
    6. The extracellular and perivascular spaces of the brain
      Michelle E. Pizzo and Robert G. Thorne
    7. Blood brain barrier mechanisms of edema formation:  The role of ion transporters and channels
      Martha E. O'Donnell, Heike Wulff and Yi-Je Chen
    8. Mechanisms of cell volume regulation in the central nervous system
      Nikolaus Plesnila and Oliver Kempski
    9. Role of aquaporins for the formation and resolution of brain edema
      Beatriz Rodriguez-Grande, Jan-Pieter Konsman and Jérôme Badaut
    10. Sur1-Trpm4 - promising target for brain edema treatment
      Sebastian Urday, Kevin N. Sheth and J. Marc Simard
    11. Role of Matrix Metalloproteinases in Brain Edema
      Changjun Yang and Eduardo Candelario-Jalil

    Section 4. Brain Edema Process in Pre-Clinical Models
    12. Edema and BBB Breakdown in Stroke
      Kathleen Salmeron, Danielle N. Edwards, Justin Fraser and Gregory J. Bix
    13. Brain edema formation in traumatic brain injury
      Sighild Lemarchant and Jérôme Badaut
    14. Spinal cord edema after spinal cord injury: From pathogenesis to management
      Newton Cho, Laureen Hachem and Michael Fehlings
    15. Brain Edema in Acute Liver Failure
      Roger F. Butterworth
    16. Blood-Brain Barrier and Edema in Brain Tumors
      Andreas F. Mack, Hartwig Wolburg and Petra Fallier-Becker
    17. Water homeostasis dysfunction in epilepsy 
      Devin K. Binder
    18. Water homeostasis dysfunctions and edema in neuroinflammatory disease
      Klaus G. Petry and Andreas Bikfalvi
    19. Experimental therapies for brain edema and intracranial hypertension
      Katrin Rauen and Nikolaus Plesnila

    Section 5. Clinical Features and Management of Brain Edema
    20. Clinical monitoring of brain edema
      Sandro M. Krieg and Sebastian Ille
    21. Brain edema in developing brain diseases
      Raffaella Moretti, Vibol Chhor, Luigi Titomanlio, Bobbi Fleiss and Pierre Gressens
    22. Cerebral edema in cerebrovascular diseases
      S. Olindo and Igor Sibon
    23. Traumatic brain injury and edema treatment
      Klaus Zweckberger
    24. Treatment of edema formation in oncology
      Oliver Schnell and Jörg-Christian Tonn
    25. Perspectives on future translational research on brain edema
      J. Marc Simard, Jérôme Badaut and Nikolaus Plesnila

Product details

  • No. of pages: 554
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2017
  • Published: July 8, 2017
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128031971
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128031964

About the Editors

Jerome Badaut

Dr. Jérôme Badaut received his PhD degree in 1999 in Neuroscience at University of Paris VI (France) after his training in the cerebrovascular field performed under supervision of Prof Lasbennes in the CNRS laboratory of Dr Jacques Seylaz. After a postdoctoral fellowship at University of Lausanne in Prof P.J. Magistretti and Prof L. Regli laboratories, he grew a strong interest on the roles of the astrocytes in neurovascular unit after stroke. He set an international expertise on the role of the astrocytic water channels in edema processes after brain injuries and also in other functions such as brain energy metabolism, when he was group leader in Neurosurgery departments at Lausanne and then Geneva (Switzerland). Then, he started to inquiry the role of neurovascular unit in pediatric traumatic brain injury when he held position of assistant professor in departments of pediatrics and physiology of the school of medicine in Loma Linda University (CA, USA). Dr Badaut is now tenured research officer at The National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS, France) in “Institut des Neurosciences Cognitives d’Aquitaine” (INCIA, UMR5287 CNRS-University of Bordeaux). He is leading the Brain Molecular Imaging group, a multidisciplinary team working on the development of new biomarkers in the field of brain injuries with for focus traumatic brain injury and neurovascular dysfunction.

Affiliations and Expertise

Université Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France

Nikolaus Plesnila

Dr. Plesnila studied medicine in Regensburg and Munich, Germany, and spend the first few years of his scientific carrier working on the molecular mechanisms of astrocytic cell swelling in the laboratory of Axel Baethmann at the Institute for Surgical Research, Munich, Germany. After a post-doctoral fellowship at Harvard Medical School, he expanded his research interests to traumatic brain injury and cerebral ischemia in vivo. After research professorships at the Department of Neurosurgery in the University of Munich and at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), Dr. Plesnila’s laboratory for experimental stroke research is presently located at the Institute for Stroke and Dementia Research (ISD) at the University of Munich Medical Center. His research focus is the role of cerebral vessels including the blood-brain barrier and inflammation after brain damage.

Affiliations and Expertise

Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich, Germany

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