Brain and Behaviour

Brain and Behaviour

Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Budapest, 1980

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Editors: G. Ádám, I. Mészáros, É. I. Bányai
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190129

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Description

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 17: Brain and Behaviour documents the proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, held in Budapest 1980. This volume begins by discussing learning in isolated neuronal structures, and then explains the developmental plasticity of central nervous system. The mechanisms of conditioning, learning, and memory are then examined, which is followed by a topic on visceral learning. This book then introduces cortical sensory-motor integration, and then elaborates on this subject by explaining related topics such as caudato-cortical interrelations and functional organization of conditioned placing reaction. This text concludes with three parts examining the functions of mammalian associative cortex; psychophysiology of motivation; and electrophysiological basis of verbal and cognitive behavior. This book will be invaluable to students and experts in the fields of physiology and medicine.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Preface

    Learning in Isolated Neuronal Structures

    Introduction to Learning in Isolated Neuronal Structures (Intracellular Mechanisms of the Associative Learning)

    Pacemaker Plasticity in Isolated Neuron

    Potential Sites for Learning in the Gastropod Central Nervous System

    Aversive Learning in Command Neurons

    Behavioral and Cellular Studies of Associative Learning in Aplysia

    Plastic Changes in Isolated Neurons

    Associative Learning in Completely Isolated Neurons

    Concluding Remarks on Learning in Isolated Neuronal Structures

    Developmental Plasticity of CNS

    Introduction to Developmental Plasticity of the Central Nervous System

    Barrel Formation and Cortical Function after Cutting or Crushing the Infra-orbital Nerve in Rats

    Maturation of the REM-sleep Patterns from Child through Adulthood

    Mechanisms of Conditioning, Learning and Memory

    Introduction to Mechanisms of Conditioning, Learning and Memory (Mechanism of Normal and Pathological Temporary Connections)

    Two-way Connection as a Basic Principle of Neurophysiology

    Elementary Learning Phenomena in Food Selection

    Specific and Nonspecific Manifestations of Learning in the Electrical Activity of the Brain

    Pharmacological Modulation of Formation of Long-term Memory

    Escape and Avoidance Conditioning

    Phasic and Tonic Defensive Conditioned Reactions in Human Trans-switching

    Concluding Remarks on Mechanisms of Conditioning, Learning and Memory

    Visceral Learning

    Introduction to Visceral Learning

    Learning in the Homeostatic Regulation of Visceral Processes

    Habituation in Visceral Systems and its Possible Mechanisms

    On the Control of Certain Involuntary Functions in Normal Subjects and in Patients with some Neurological Diseases

    The Role of Instrumental Learning in the Organization and Maintenance of Physiological Control Mechanisms

    Modulation of Baroreceptor Sensitivity during Operant Cardiac Conditioning

    Conditioned Blood Pressure Elevations in the Baboon

    Heart Rate Conditioning Experiments in Humans

    Biofeedback-aided Self-regulation of Hand Temperature

    Perception of Rectal Distension is Necessary to Prevent Fecal Incontinence

    Concluding Remarks on Visceral Learning

    Cortical Sensory-motor Integration

    Introduction to Cortical Sensory-motor Integration

    Caudato-cortical Interrelations in Behavioral Act

    Neuronal Processing Related to Sensory Inputs, Intermediate Learning Processes, and the Initiation of Motor Responses

    Cortical Unit Activity and Motor Act Programming

    What Macro-potentials Tell Us about the Functions of Monkeys Prefrontal Cortex

    Functional Organization of Conditioned Placing Reaction

    Concluding Remarks on Cortical Sensory-motor Integration

    Functions of Mammalian Associative Cortex

    Introduction to Functions of Mammalian Associative Cortex. Clues to Functional Organization of Afferenting Projections in Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex

    Anatomical Organization and Functional Role of Afferents to Posterior Suprasylvian Cortex in Cats

    Visual Mechanisms in the Temporal and Prestriate Association Cortices of the Monkey

    Properties of Inferior Temporal Neurons in the Macaque

    Neural Correlates of Space Perception in the Parietal Association Cortex of the Monkey

    Discussion on Mechanisms of Parietal Cortex; How to Study Associative Systems

    Thalamo-cortical Mediation of Perception and Memory in Man

    Timing of Cerebral Processes Relative to Concomitant Conscious Experiences in Man

    Concluding Remarks on Functions of Mammalian Associative Cortex

    Psychophysiology of Motivation

    Introduction to Psychophysiology of Motivation (Organization of the Corticolimbic-reticular Axis in Regulating Hypothalamic Activity)

    Pallidal Mechanisms and Feeding Behavior

    Neuronal Activity in Motivation of Feeding Behavior

    The Role of Subthalamic Mechanisms in Hunger and Thirst

    Effect of Monoaminergic Stimulation of Hippocampus and Amygdala on Alimentary Motivation and Complex Conditioned Reflex

    The Specific and Nonspecific Behavioral Effects of Intestinal Stimulation in Rats

    Peripheral Modulation of Hypothalamic Neurons Involved in Drinking and Eating

    Concluding Remarks on Psychophysiology of Motivation

    Electrophysiological Basis of Verbal and Cognitive Behavior

    Physiological Correlates of States and Activities in the Central Nervous System

    Mass Brain Electrical Potential (BEP) Correlates of Cognitive Function in Healthy People

    Electrophysiological Correlates of Language: Studies in Aphasia

    Electrophysiological Correlates of Cognitive Dysfunctions in Psychiatric Patients, Including Senile Dementia

    Anomalous Electrical Brain Responses in Children with Learning Problems

    Concluding Remarks on Electrophysiological Basis of Verbal and Cognitive Behavior

    Psychophysiology of Altered States of Consciousness

    Recent Research in the Physiology of Meditation

    Sleep and Hypnosis: Accessibility of Altered States of Consciousness

    Alteration of Activity Level: The Essence of Hypnosis or a Byproduct of the Type of Induction?

    Evoked Potential, Reflecting Hypnotically Altered State of Consciousness

    Psychophysiology Today and Tomorrow

    Introduction to Psychophysiology Today and Tomorrow

    Manipulation of Various Aspects on the Emotional Behavior by Amygdalar Lesions and Imipramine Treatment

    Neuronal Systems Related to Behavioral Change

    The Intake of Sodium Chloride: Its Regulation by the Central Nervous System

    Kindling, Transference Phenomenon between Temporal Cortex and Limbic Structures in Cats

    Kindling as a Tool for Psycho-physiological Studies

    Progress on the Physiological Bases of Memory

    Concluding Remarks on Psychophysiology Today and Tomorrow

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 554
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483190129

About the Editors

G. Ádám

I. Mészáros

É. I. Bányai

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