Brain and Behaviour - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080273389, 9781483190129

Brain and Behaviour

1st Edition

Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Budapest, 1980

Editors: G. Ádám I. Mészáros É. I. Bányai
eBook ISBN: 9781483190129
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 554
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Description

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 17: Brain and Behaviour documents the proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, held in Budapest 1980. This volume begins by discussing learning in isolated neuronal structures, and then explains the developmental plasticity of central nervous system. The mechanisms of conditioning, learning, and memory are then examined, which is followed by a topic on visceral learning. This book then introduces cortical sensory-motor integration, and then elaborates on this subject by explaining related topics such as caudato-cortical interrelations and functional organization of conditioned placing reaction. This text concludes with three parts examining the functions of mammalian associative cortex; psychophysiology of motivation; and electrophysiological basis of verbal and cognitive behavior. This book will be invaluable to students and experts in the fields of physiology and medicine.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Preface

Learning in Isolated Neuronal Structures

Introduction to Learning in Isolated Neuronal Structures (Intracellular Mechanisms of the Associative Learning)

Pacemaker Plasticity in Isolated Neuron

Potential Sites for Learning in the Gastropod Central Nervous System

Aversive Learning in Command Neurons

Behavioral and Cellular Studies of Associative Learning in Aplysia

Plastic Changes in Isolated Neurons

Associative Learning in Completely Isolated Neurons

Concluding Remarks on Learning in Isolated Neuronal Structures

Developmental Plasticity of CNS

Introduction to Developmental Plasticity of the Central Nervous System

Barrel Formation and Cortical Function after Cutting or Crushing the Infra-orbital Nerve in Rats

Maturation of the REM-sleep Patterns from Child through Adulthood

Mechanisms of Conditioning, Learning and Memory

Introduction to Mechanisms of Conditioning, Learning and Memory (Mechanism of Normal and Pathological Temporary Connections)

Two-way Connection as a Basic Principle of Neurophysiology

Elementary Learning Phenomena in Food Selection

Specific and Nonspecific Manifestations of Learning in the Electrical Activity of the Brain

Pharmacological Modulation of Formation of Long-term Memory

Escape and Avoidance Conditioning

Phasic and Tonic Defensive Conditioned Reactions in Human Trans-switching

Concluding Remarks on Mechanisms of Conditioning, Learning and Memory

Visceral Learning

Introduction to Visceral Learning

Learning in the Homeostatic Regulation of Visceral Processes

Habituation in Visceral Systems and its Possible Mechanisms

On the Control of Certain Involuntary Functions in Normal Subjects and in Patients with some Neurological Diseases

The Role of Instrumental Learning in the Organization and Maintenance of Physiological Control Mechanisms

Modulation of Baroreceptor Sensitivity during Operant Cardiac Conditioning

Conditioned Blood Pressure Elevations in the Baboon

Heart Rate Conditioning Experiments in Humans

Biofeedback-aided Self-regulation of Hand Temperature

Perception of Rectal Distension is Necessary to Prevent Fecal Incontinence

Concluding Remarks on Visceral Learning

Cortical Sensory-motor Integration

Introduction to Cortical Sensory-motor Integration

Caudato-cortical Interrelations in Behavioral Act

Neuronal Processing Related to Sensory Inputs, Intermediate Learning Processes, and the Initiation of Motor Responses

Cortical Unit Activity and Motor Act Programming

What Macro-potentials Tell Us about the Functions of Monkeys Prefrontal Cortex

Functional Organization of Conditioned Placing Reaction

Concluding Remarks on Cortical Sensory-motor Integration

Functions of Mammalian Associative Cortex

Introduction to Functions of Mammalian Associative Cortex. Clues to Functional Organization of Afferenting Projections in Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex

Anatomical Organization and Functional Role of Afferents to Posterior Suprasylvian Cortex in Cats

Visual Mechanisms in the Temporal and Prestriate Association Cortices of the Monkey

Properties of Inferior Temporal Neurons in the Macaque

Neural Correlates of Space Perception in the Parietal Association Cortex of the Monkey

Discussion on Mechanisms of Parietal Cortex; How to Study Associative Systems

Thalamo-cortical Mediation of Perception and Memory in Man

Timing of Cerebral Processes Relative to Concomitant Conscious Experiences in Man

Concluding Remarks on Functions of Mammalian Associative Cortex

Psychophysiology of Motivation

Introduction to Psychophysiology of Motivation (Organization of the Corticolimbic-reticular Axis in Regulating Hypothalamic Activity)

Pallidal Mechanisms and Feeding Behavior

Neuronal Activity in Motivation of Feeding Behavior

The Role of Subthalamic Mechanisms in Hunger and Thirst

Effect of Monoaminergic Stimulation of Hippocampus and Amygdala on Alimentary Motivation and Complex Conditioned Reflex

The Specific and Nonspecific Behavioral Effects of Intestinal Stimulation in Rats

Peripheral Modulation of Hypothalamic Neurons Involved in Drinking and Eating

Concluding Remarks on Psychophysiology of Motivation

Electrophysiological Basis of Verbal and Cognitive Behavior

Physiological Correlates of States and Activities in the Central Nervous System

Mass Brain Electrical Potential (BEP) Correlates of Cognitive Function in Healthy People

Electrophysiological Correlates of Language: Studies in Aphasia

Electrophysiological Correlates of Cognitive Dysfunctions in Psychiatric Patients, Including Senile Dementia

Anomalous Electrical Brain Responses in Children with Learning Problems

Concluding Remarks on Electrophysiological Basis of Verbal and Cognitive Behavior

Psychophysiology of Altered States of Consciousness

Recent Research in the Physiology of Meditation

Sleep and Hypnosis: Accessibility of Altered States of Consciousness

Alteration of Activity Level: The Essence of Hypnosis or a Byproduct of the Type of Induction?

Evoked Potential, Reflecting Hypnotically Altered State of Consciousness

Psychophysiology Today and Tomorrow

Introduction to Psychophysiology Today and Tomorrow

Manipulation of Various Aspects on the Emotional Behavior by Amygdalar Lesions and Imipramine Treatment

Neuronal Systems Related to Behavioral Change

The Intake of Sodium Chloride: Its Regulation by the Central Nervous System

Kindling, Transference Phenomenon between Temporal Cortex and Limbic Structures in Cats

Kindling as a Tool for Psycho-physiological Studies

Progress on the Physiological Bases of Memory

Concluding Remarks on Psychophysiology Today and Tomorrow

Index

Details

No. of pages:
554
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1981
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483190129

About the Editor

G. Ádám

I. Mészáros

É. I. Bányai