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Bottles, Preforms and Closures - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9781437735260, 9781437735284

Bottles, Preforms and Closures

2nd Edition

A Design Guide for PET Packaging

Author: Ottmar Brandau
Hardcover ISBN: 9781437735260
eBook ISBN: 9781437735284
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 19th June 2012
Page Count: 180
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Table of Contents

Series Page


Editor’s Note

Foreword to the Second Edition

Chapter 1. PET Beverage Bottles

1.1 From the First Idea to the Finished Bottle

1.2 Determination of Bottle Properties

1.3 Generating the First Design in CAD

1.4 From Shape to Full-Fledged Design for a Dependable Process

1.5 Verification of the 3D Design Through Finite-element Simulation

1.6 Selection of the Mold Concept to Meet Customer-specific Criteria

1.7 Mold Design and Mold Manufacture

1.8 Mold Trials and Examination of Sample Bottles

Chapter 2. PET Preforms

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Manufacture and States of PET

2.3 Behavior in the Blow Mold

2.4 Manufacture of PET Preforms

2.5 Preforms for Single- and Two-stage Processing

2.6 PET and Infrared Radiation

Chapter 3. Practical Guide to Injection Molding of Preforms

3.1 Extrusion and Screw Control

3.2 Injection Parameters

3.3 Optimizing the Injection Settings

3.4 Cycle Time Calculations

3.5 Challenges in Thin-wall Molding

3.6 Acetaldehyde in PET Bottles

3.7 Injection Tooling

3.8 Cooling Issues

3.9 Tool Wear Issues

Chapter 4. Closures for PET Bottles

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Different Neck Finishes for Various Applications

4.3 Closure Types

4.4 Tamper-evident Bands

4.5 Resins

4.6 Manufacturing Methods

4.7 Economic Guidelines

4.8 Test Procedures

4.9 General IM Process Parameters for CSD Closures

4.10 Lightweighing of Bottles and Caps

Appendix A: Specific Resins for Closure Production



As a consultant to the plastics industry, Ottmar Brandau’s focus is on using his engineering knowhow and production management experience to improve quality and productivity, cut down cycle time and introduce secondary processes such as inline printing. This book is a thoroughly practical handbook that provides engineers and managers with the toolkit to improve production and engineering aspects in their own businesses – saving money, increasing output and improving competitiveness by adopting new technologies.

In this book, Brandau covers the engineering aspects of bottle production and the relevant production processes (focusing on blow molding), along with plant layout and organization and production management, to produce the definitive handbook for engineers and managers alike.

Key Features

  • Learn the tricks of the trade from an experienced engineer and manager
  • Save money: Practical strategies to improve cycle times
  • Increase productivity: Improve plant layout and organization and implement secondary processes such as inline printing


Engineers and managers in the plastics industry working in the fields of blow molding, injection molding, rotational molding and other plastic bottle and container production technologies.

Plastics Engineers (mostly with an academic background in Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering or Chemistry), Quality Engineers and Production Managers


No. of pages:
© William Andrew 2012
19th June 2012
William Andrew
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:


"PETplanet insider is publishing extracts from successive chapters of Ottmar Brandau’s "Bottles, Preforms and Closures," which was first published by hbmedia.  A newly revised edition is reissued under the Elsevier imprint." --PETplanet insider, April 2014

Ratings and Reviews

About the Author

Ottmar Brandau

Ottmar Brandau is President of Apex Container Inc. in Ontario, Canada. Brandau is a member of the Society of Plastics Engineers and was previously VP Operations at Magic North America Inc.

Affiliations and Expertise

Apex Container Inc., Ontario, Canada