Most recent volume


Volume 35. Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 Based Thin Film Solar Cells

Published: 26th November 2010 Author: Subba Kodigala

This book provides valuable contents about the fabrication and characterization of chalcopyrite Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 based thin film solar cells and modules. The growth of chalcopyrite Cu(In1-xGax)(S1-ySey)2 absorbers, buffers, window layers, antireflection coatings, and finally metallic grids, which are the sole components of solar cells, is clearly illustrated. The absorber, which contains multiple elements, segregates secondary phases if the growth conditions are not well optimized i.e., the main drawback in the fabrication of solar cells. More importantly the solutions for the growth of thin films are given in detail. The properties of all the individual layers and single crystals including solar cells analyzed by different characterization techniques such as SEM, AFM, XPS, AES, TEM, XRD, optical, photoluminescence, and Raman spectroscopy are explicitly demonstrated. The electrical analyses such as conductivities, Hall mobilities, deep level transient spectroscopy measurements etc., provide a broad picture to understand thin films or single crystals and their solar cells. The book clearly explains the working principle of energy conversion from solar to electrical with basic sciences for the chalcopyrite based thin film solar cells. Also, it demonstrates important criteria on how to enhance efficiency of the solar cells and modules. The effect of environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, aging etc., on the devices is mentioned by citing several examples.

Additional volumes


Volume 34. Physico-Chemical Phenomena in Thin Films and at Solid Surfaces

Published: 4th June 2007 Series Volume Editors: Leonid Trakhtenberg Sheng Lin Olusegun Ilegbusi

Volume 33. Waveguide Spectroscopy of Thin Films

Published: 19th December 2005 Author: Alexander Khomchenko

Volume 32. Cavity Polaritons

Published: 26th November 2003 Authors: Alexey Kavokin Guillaume Malpuech

Volume 31. Electronic Excitations in Organic Based Nanostructures

Published: 13th November 2003 Series Volume Editors: G. Bassani V. Agranovich

Volume 30. Advances in Plasma-Grown Hydrogenated Films

Published: 28th November 2001 Series Volume Editors: V. Agranovich Deborah Taylor