Series: Studies in Environmental Science

Studies in Environmental Science encompasses a broad range of topics within the field of environmental science and technology. Some of the topics that have been covered are air pollution, waste management, energy, the marine environment, pesticides, environmental biotechnology, radioecology and climate change. Further volumes in this series will be published in the book series Developments in Environmental Science.
Air Pollution in the 21st Century

Most recent volume


Volume 72. Air Pollution in the 21st Century

Published: 12th March 1999 Editors: T. Schneider
This symposium was jointly organized by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and The Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment. These proceedings will provide a stimulus for taking up the challenges of environmental policy development in the 21st century, and will contribute to continuing co-operation.

Clean air is a basic condition for health. Air pollution aggravates respiratory problems, leading to increased sickness absenteeism, increased use of health care services and even premature mortality. Air pollution is under intensive discussion in the United States and Europe.

In The Netherlands, a wide range of policy instruments have been formulated which have reduced air pollution. For example; since 1975, sulphur dioxide and lead emissions have been reduced. However, emission reduction figures for many other substances are more modest. Many air pollution problems persist because progress in countering these problems is nullified by growth in the economy and traffic.

Another important target is the prevention of climate change. The international community is agreed that the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has led to a gradual increase in the earth's temperature. In terms of the environmental consequences and social implications, the greenhouse problem surpasses all other air quality problems.

Across Europe, strategies are being developed to reduce acidification and photochemical air pollution. An air emission ceiling for each country in the European Union is being agreed. In the area of climate change, there is good co-operation between the United States, The Netherlands and other EU Members States in the ongoing global negotiations. This is the start of a new movement. In the last century economies and societies developed through increasing human productivity. In the next century they must develop through increasing the productivity of f

Additional volumes


Volume 71. Waste Materials in Construction

Published: 21st November 1997 Editors: H.A. van der Sloot J.J.J.M. Goumans G.J. Senden

Volume 70. Harmonization of Leaching/Extraction Tests

Published: 10th June 1997 Editors: Ph. Quevauviller L. Heasman H.A. van der Sloot

Volume 69. Acid Atmospheric Deposition and its Effects on Terrestrial Ecosystems in The Netherlands

Published: 9th May 1997 Editors: J.W. Erisman G.J. Heij

Volume 68. Freshwater and Estuarine Radioecology

Published: 25th July 1997 Editors: J. Hilton A. de Bettencourt J.A. Fernandez R.N.J. Comans R.J. Blust G. Desmet

Volume 67. Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Residues

Published: 9th April 1997 Editors: D.S. Kosson A.J. Chandler J. Vehlow T.T. Eighmy O. Hjelmar J. Hartlén S.E. Sawell H.A. van der Sloot

Volume 66. Global Environmental Biotechnology

Published: 23rd July 1997 Editors: D.L. Wise

Volume 65. Climate Change Research

Published: 20th November 1995 Editors: R.S.A.R. Rompaey M.T.J. Kok M.M. Berk S. Zwerver

Volume 64. Acid Rain Research: Do We Have Enough Answers?

Published: 28th June 1995 Editors: G.J. Heij J.W. Erisman

Volume 63. Atmospheric Deposition

Published: 9th June 1995 Editors: G.P.J. Draaijers J.W. Erisman

Volume 62. Nordic Radioecology

Published: 11th October 1994 Editors: H. Dahlgaard

Volume 61. Characterization and Control of Odours and VOC in the Process Industries

Published: 1st September 1994 Editors: S. Vigneron J. Chaouki J. Hermia

Volume 60. Environmental Aspects of Construction with Waste Materials

Published: 20th May 1994 Editors: J.J.J.M. Goumans H.A. van der Sloot Th.G. Aalbers

Volume 59. Environmental Oriented Electrochemistry

Published: 6th June 1994 Editors: C.A.C. Sequeira

Volume 58. Water and Peace in the Middle East

Published: 5th April 1994 Editors: J. Isaac H. Shuval

Volume 57. Natural Analogue Studies in the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Wastes

Published: 1st March 1994 Editors: N. Chapman J.A.T. Smellie W.M. Miller R. Alexander I. McKinley

Volume 56. The Reclamation of Former Coal Mines and Steelworks

Published: 11th October 1993 Editors: I.G. Richards P.A. Barratt J.P. Palmer

Volume 55. Environmental Contamination

Published: 4th November 1993 Editors: J.-P. Vernet

Volume 54. The Removal of Nitrogen Compounds from Wastewater

Published: 9th November 1993 Editors: S.E. Jorgensen B. Halling-Sørensen

Volume 53. Chemistry and Biology of Water, Air and Soil

Published: 11th March 1993 Editors: J. Tölgyessy

Volume 52. Environmental Science Theory

Published: 22nd October 1992 Editors: W.T. de Groot

Volume 51. Biotechniques for Air Pollution Abatement and Odour Control Policies

Published: 26th June 1992 Editors: J. van Ham A.J. Dragt

Volume 50. Acidification Research: Evaluation and Policy Applications

Published: 24th April 1992 Editors: T. Schneider

Volume 49. Statistical Methods in Water Resources

Published: 3rd April 1992 Editors: R.M. Hirsch D.R. Helsel

Volume 48. Waste Materials in Construction

Published: 13th November 1991 Editors: H.A. van der Sloot J.J.J.M. Goumans Th.G. Aalbers

Volume 47. Handbook of Radioactive Contamination and Decontamination

Published: 4th December 1991 Editors: J. Bár J. Severa

Volume 46. Acidification Research in the Netherlands

Published: 21st August 1991 Editors: G.J. Heij T. Schneider

Volume 45. Freight Transport and the Environment

Published: 16th October 1991 Editors: J. van Ham M. Kroon R. Smit

Volume 44. Highway Pollution

Published: 30th August 1991 Editors: R.M. Harrison R.S. Hamilton

Volume 43. Applied Isotope Hydrogeology

Published: 16th April 1991 Editors: T. Peters F.J. Pearson H. Schmassmann H.H. Loosli B.E. Lehmann W. Balderer A. Matter Roland Gautschi

Volume 42. Environmental Biotechnology

Published: 6th June 1991 Editors: V. Prívarová A. Blažej

Volume 41. Evaluation of Environmental Data for Regulatory and Impact Assessment

Published: 14th January 1991 Editors: E. Baddaloo S. Ramamoorthy

Volume 40. Radon in the Environment

Published: 27th August 1990 Editors: M. Wilkening

Volume 39. Aquatic Bioenvironmental Studies: The Hanford Experience: 1944-1984

Published: 11th September 1990 Editors: C.D. Becker

Volume 38. How to Conquer Air Pollution

Published: 23rd November 1989 Editors: H. Nishimura

Volume 37. Asbestos in the Natural Environment

Published: 10th August 1989 Editors: H. Schreier

Volume 36. Valuation Methods and Policy Making in Environmental Economics

Published: 1st May 1989 Editors: H. Folmer E.C. van Ierland

Volume 35. Atmospheric Ozone Research and its Policy Implications

Published: 1st January 1989 Editors: S.D. Lee L.D. Grant T. Schneider G.J.R. Wolters

Volume 34. Chemistry for Protection of the Environment 1987

Published: 1st December 1988 Editors: E. Mentasti L. Pawlowski C. Sarzanini W.J. Lacy

Volume 33. Principles of Environmental Science and Technology

Published: 1st January 1989 Editors: S.E. Jorgensen I. Johnsen

Volume 32. Pesticide Chemistry

Published: 1st January 1989 Editors: V. Andriska M. Nádasy G. Matolcsy

Volume 31. Teratogens

Published: 1st January 1988 Editors: V. Kolb Meyers

Volume 30. Acidification and its Policy Implications

Published: 1st November 1986 Editors: T. Schneider

Volume 29. Chemistry for Protection of the Environment 1985

Published: 1st January 1986 Editors: G. Alaerts L. Pawlowski W.J. Lacy

Volume 28. Algal Biofouling

Published: 1st December 1986 Editors: L.V. Evans K.D. Hoagland

Volume 27. Fluoride Research 1985

Published: 1st January 1986 Editors: M.-H. Yu H. Tsunoda

Volume 26. Chemical Events in the Atmosphere and their Impact on the Environment

Published: 1st September 1986 Editors: G.B. Marini-Bettòlo

Volume 25. The Biosphere, Problems and Solutions

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 24. Determination and Assessment of Pesticide Exposure

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 23. Chemistry for Protection of the Environment

Published: 1st January 1984 Editors: A.J. Verdier W.J. Lacy L. Pawlowski

Volume 22. Environmental Radioanalysis

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 21. Air Pollution by Nitrogen Oxides

Published: 1st January 1982 Editors: L. Grant T. Schneider

Volume 20. Atmospheric Pollution 1982

Published: 1st January 1982 Editors: M.M. Benarie

Volume 19. Physicochemical Methods for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Published: 1st January 1982 Editors: L. Pawlowski

Volume 18. Education and Safe Handling in Pesticide Application

Published: 1st January 1982 Editors: E.A.H. van Heemstra-Lequin W.F. Tordoir

Volume 17. Quality of Groundwater

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 16. Mankind and Energy: Needs, Resources, Hopes

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 15. Disposal of Radioactive Wastes

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 14. Principles of Environmental Science and Technology

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 13. Man under Vibration, Suffering and Protection

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 12. Water Supply and Health

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 11. Atmospheric Chemistry

Published: 1st October 1981 Editors: E. Mészáros

Volume 10. Bioengineering, Thermal Physiology and Comfort

Published: 1st January 1981 Editors: K. Cena J.A. Clark

Volume 9. Energetics and Technology of Biological Elimination of Wastes

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 8. Atmospheric Pollution 1980

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 7. Field Worker Exposure During Pesticide Application

Published: 1st January 1980 Editors: E.A.H. van Heemstra-Lequin W.F. Tordoir

Volume 6. Trade and Environment

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 5. Industrial Waste Water Management

Published: 1st January 1979 Editors: S.E. Jorgensen

Volume 4. Potential Industrial Carcinogens and Mutagens

Published: 1st January 1979 Editors: L. Fishbein

Volume 3. Biogeochemical Cycling of Mineral-Forming Elements

Published: 1st January 1979 Editors: D.J. Swaine P.A. Trudinger

Volume 2. Air Pollution Reference Measurement Methods and Systems

Published: 1st April 2000

Volume 1. Atmospheric Pollution, 1978

Published: 1st April 2000